A Comparison of Emotional State and Support in Women at High and Low Risk for Preterm Birth, with Diabetes in Pregnancy, and in Non-Pregnant Professional Women

Issue: 
Publication Date: 
12/1991
Page Count: 
19
Starting Page: 
109
Price: $10.00
Abstract: 

The authors examine psychosocial factors involved in producing pregnancy complications. An initial descriptive study of the development of psychosocial profiles of three groups of pregnant women (high and low risk for preterm birth and with diabetes mellitus) using seven instruments is presented. The study suggests that economic status may be as important as medical risk as a source of distress among pregnant women.

References: 

Barnett BEW, Hanna B, Parker G. Life event scales for obstetric groups. J Psychosomatic Res 1983; 27:313-320.

Beck AT. Depression: Causes and Treatment. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1967.

Berkowitz GS, Kasl SV. The role of psychosocial factors in spontaneous preterm delivery. J Psychosomatic Res 1983; 27:283-290.

Cohen S, Kamarck T, Mermelstein R. A global measure of perceived stress. J Health Social Behavior 1983; 24:384.

Dohrenwend BS, Krasnoff L, Askenasy A, Dohrenwend BP. Exemplification of a method for scaling life events: The PERI Life Events Scale. J Health Social Behavior 1978; 19:205.

Dreger R. Review of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. In: Buros O (ed), The eighth mental measurements yearbook. Highland Park, NJ: Cryphon Press, 1978.

Eysenck HJ, Eysenck SBG. Manual of the Eysenck personality inventory. London: London University Press, 1964.

Gorsuch RL, Key MK. Abnormalities of pregnancy as a function of anxiety and life stress. Psychosomatic Med 1974; 36:352.

Henderson S, Byrne DG, Duncan-Jones P. Neurosis and the Social Environment. Sydney: Academic Press 1981.

Herron MA, Katz M, Creasy R. Evaluation of a preterm birth prevention program: preliminary work. Obstet Gynecol 1982; 59:452.

Kendall R, DiScipio W. Eysenck Personality Inventory scores of depressive illness. Br J Psychiatry 1967; 114:767-770.

Lubin B. Adjective check list for measurement of depression. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1965; 12:57.

Lubin B. Manual for the depression adjective checklist. San Diego: Educational and Industrial Teaching, 1967.

Lubin B, Gardener S, Roth A. Mood and somatic symptoms in pregnancy. Psychosomatic Med 1975; 37:136.

McDonald R, Christakos A. Relationship of emotional adjustment during pregnancy to obstetric complications. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1963; 86:341.

Monroe SM. Assessment of life events: Retrospective vs. concurrent strategies. Archives of General Psychiatry 1982; 39:606-610(a).

Monroe SM. Life events assessment: Current practices, emerging trends. Clinical Psychology Review 1982; 2:435-452(b).

Monroe SM. Social support and disorder: Toward an untangling of cause and effect. AM J Community Psychology 1983; 11:81-97.

Newton RW, Webster PAC, Binu PS, Maskrey N, Phillips AB. Psychosocial stress in pregnancy and its relation to the onset of premature labor. Br Med J 1979; 2:411.

Newton RW, Hunt LP. Psychosocial stress in pregnancy and its relation to low birth weight. Br Med J 1984; 288:191.

Norbeck J. Tilden V. Life stress, social support and emotional disequilibrium in complications of pregnancy: a prospective, multivariate study. J Health Social Behavior 1983; 24:30.

Nuckolls S, Casel J, Kaplan B. Psychosocial assels, life crisis and the prognosis of pregnancy. Am J Epidemiol 192; 95:432.

Papiernik-Berkhauer E. Coefficient de risque d'accouchement premature. Presse Med 1969; 77:793.

Papiernik E, Bouyer J, Drefus J, et al. Prevention of preterm births: a perinatal study in Hagenau, France. Pediatrics 1985; 76:154.

Procidano ME, Heller K. Measures of perceived social support from friends and from family: Three validation studies. Am J Comm Psychol 1983; 11:1.

Spielberger CS, Gorsuch RL, Lushene RE. Manual for the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press, 1983.

Yamamoto KJ, Kinney DK. Pregnant women's ratings of different factors influencing psychological stress during pregnancy. Psychological Reports 1976; 39:203-214.

Zuckerman M, Lubin B. The Multiple Affect Adjective Checklist. San Diego: Educational and Industrial Testing Service, 1965.

Mary Lou Moore, Ph.D., R.N.C., F.A.A.N., Paul Meis, M.D., Sheliah Jeffries, M.P.H., R.D., J.M. Ernest, M.D., Lois Buerkle, R.N., B.S.N., Melissa Swain, R.N., and Carol Hill, B.A.

Address correspondence to Dr. M.L. Moore, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Bowman Gray School of Medicine, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC 27103, USA.

Appendix A

Risk Assessment Form

Appendix A

Risk Assesment Form