The concept of intelligence embodied in I.Q. tests seventy five years ago is now being radically redefined in psychology. New approaches formulated by Robert Sternberg (1988) and Howard Gardner (1983) are many-dimensional, behavioral, and closely related to everyday living. In this presentation experimental, clinical, and anecdotal evidence about life before birth is marshalled to meet the proposed criteria of intelligence. Six specific implications and conclusions are drawn. The author believes that the field of prenatal psychology is assisting in the creation of a new paradigm about unborn babies.
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David B. Chamberlain, Ph.D.
David Chamberlain is a psychologist in private practice and the newly-elected President of PPPANA. He is author of Babies Remember Birth (Ballantine Books, 1990) now available in six languages, and teaches at the American Institute of Oriental Medicine, San Diego. Address correspondence to the author at 909 Hayes Avenue, San Diego, CA 92103.
JOURNAL OF PRENATAL AND PERINATAL PSYCHOLOGY AND HEALTH publishes research and clinical articles from the cutting edge of the science of prenatal and perinatal psychology and health. The journal, published quarterly since 1986, is dedicated to the in-depth exploration human reproduction and pregnancy and the mental and emotional development of the unborn and newborn child.