ABSTRACT:This paper compares marriages of couples who gave birth at home in a private, loving, intimate way with a group who delivered in the hospital using the customary medical model of birth. Significant differences were found between the two groups at 4- and 12-months postpartum regarding the quality of the love relationship. The do-it-yourself homebirthers revealed far more compatibility in their marriages than did their hospital-delivered counterparts.
1. Bowlby, J., M.D., Attachment and Loss, VoL 1, Attachment, Basic Books, Inc., N.Y., 1969.
2. Gittelson, N., How Motherhood Can Threaten Marriage, McCalls, June 1981, p. 89.
3. Arcana, J., and Myers, L., M.D., What Happens to Sex After Motherhood? Redbook, July 1984, p. 81.
4. Gaylin, J., Sex After Childbirth: Why Many New Parents Experience Unexpected Sexual Problems, Glamour, May 1982, p. 78.
5. Pittenger, J., and Pittenger, J., The Perinatal Period: Breeding Ground for Marital and Parental Maladjustment, Keeping Abreast Journal, January-March 1977, p. 18.
6. Lerner, H., Ph.D., Effects of the Nursing Mother-Infant Dyad on the Family, Amer. J. Orthopsychiat, April 1979, p. 339.
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8. Breastfeeding and Sexuality, Baby Talk, Sept. 1984, p. 20.
9. Ibid., p. 21.
10. Shapiro, J., Ph.D., When Men Are Pregnant, Impact Publishers, San Luis Obispo, CA, 1987, p. 108.
11. Gordon, L, and Carty, E., Sexual Adjustment of Postpartum Couples, Canadian Fam. Physician, November 1978, p. 1191.
12. Fischman, S., DPH, Rankin, E., PhD, Soeken, K., PhD, and Lenz, E., PhD. Changes in Sexual Relationships in Postpartum Couples, JOGNN, Jan.-Feb., 1986, p. 58.
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15. Odent, M., M.D., Birth Reborn, Pantheon Books, New York, 1984, p. 6.
16. Conference program, The Third Annual Conference on Advanced Concepts for Childbirth Education, San Antonio, Texas, May 2-3, 1980.
17. Diuguid-Bielata, D., A Husband Excluded, Two Attune, #1, Harborside, ME, 1991, p. 8.
18. Simkin, P., et al, Pregnancy, Childbirth and the Newborn, Meadowbrook Books, Deephaven, MN, 1984.
19. Stanway, A. and P., M.D., Choices in Childbirth, Pan Books, London, 1984, p. 224.
20. Davis-Floyd, R., Birth as an American Rite of Passage, in Childbirth in America, Anthropological Perspectives, by Michaelson, K., Bergin & Garvey, South Hadley, MA, 1988.
21. The Likert Scale. "Developed in the early 1930s this is a scale which can only be used for a relative appraisal between respondents in a group. . . . The subjects are given the statements and usually are asked to indicate complete approval, approval, neutrality, disapproval or complete disapproval on a five point scale. Each respondent's total mark is got by adding up choices for every question. The scores obtained by each proposition are then correlated with the total marks and statements with low correlations are discarded. This method of testing by 'internal consistency' means that each individual can only be seen relative to the group of respondents of which he is a part. . . ." From, Methods of Sociological Enquiry, Mann, P., Schocken Books, Inc., New York, 1968.
22. Fischman, op. cit
23. McKenna, C, I Fell in Love Again With Pat, The New Nativity, #39, Fall 1986, p. 3.
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25. Parrish, S., A Special Closeness, The New Nativity, #43 Fall 1987, p. 2.
26. Hunt, J., A New and Profound Connection, The New Nativity, #56, Winter 1990, p. 7.
27. A Doctor Speaks Out About Birth, The New Nativity, #54 Summer 1990, p. 10.
28. Herberger, R., Hold Her Holy: Birth and Sexuality, The New Nativity, #54, Summer 1990, p. 12.
29. Hazlett, W., M.D., The Husband At Delivery, Marriage Magazine, St. Meinrad, IN, approximately 1970.
Marilyn A. Moran is the author of Birth and the Dialogue of Love and editor of Happy Birth Days, a collection of 50 do-it-yourself homebirth accounts which appeared in The New Nativity. Her youngest child was born at home with just her husband, as planned, nineteen years ago. Address correspondence to the author at The New Nativity, P.O. Box 6223, Leawood, KS 66206, USA.
JOURNAL OF PRENATAL AND PERINATAL PSYCHOLOGY AND HEALTH publishes research and clinical articles from the cutting edge of the science of prenatal and perinatal psychology and health. The journal, published quarterly since 1986, is dedicated to the in-depth exploration human reproduction and pregnancy and the mental and emotional development of the unborn and newborn child.