Pre- and Perinatal Experiences and Personality: A Retrospective Analysis

Issue: 
Publication Date: 
01/1992
Page Count: 
34
Starting Page: 
139
Price: $10.00
Abstract: 

ABSTRACT: Two thousand, one hundred and sixteen subjects from a variety of backgrounds and places of origin responded to a questionnaire concerning their pre-and perinatal experiences and their present personality. Of particular interest were potential relationships between present personality and maternal drug use during pregnancy and labour, maternal stress during pregnancy, birth type, and physical placement immediately after birth. Responses were analyzed using non-parametric chi-square tests, t-tests, and point biserial correlations. Few of the specifically delineated hypotheses were supported. However, a variety of statistically significant results were found for the more general hypotheses. These findings may lend support to the overall postulate that different pre- and perinatal experiences are related to different personality traits.

References: 

References

Anand, K. J.S., Phil, D., & Hickey, P.R. (1988). Pain and its effects in the human neonate and fetus. Pre- and Perinatal Psychology Journal, 3, 103-123.

Emerson, W.R. (1984). Infant and child birth re-facilitation. California: Human Potential Resources.

Emerson, W.R. (1987). Primal therapy with infants. Aesthema 7, 13-27.

Fiske, S.T., & Taylor, S.E. (1984). Social cognition. New York: Random House.

Grof, S. (1985). Beyond the brain: Birth, death and transcendence in psychotherapy. New York: State University of New York Press.

Hull, W.F. (1986). Psychological treatment of birth trauma with age regression and its relationship to chemical dependency. Pre- and Perinatal Psychology Journal, 1, 111134.

Janov, A. (1983). Imprints. New York: Coward-McCann.

Jacobson, B. (1988). Perinatal origin of eventual self-destruction behaviour. Pre- and Perinatal Psychology Journal 2, 227-241.

Klaus, M.H., & Kennel, J.H. (1983). Bonding: The beginnings of parent-infant attachment. New York: New American library.

Mitchell, G. (1975). What monkeys can tell us about human violence. The Futurist, 9, 75-80.

Montagu, A. (1964). Life before birth. New York: New American Library.

Pedersen, F.A., Zaslow, M.J., Cain, R.L., & Anderson, B.J. (1981). Caesarean childbirth: Psychological implications for mothers and fathers. Infant Mental Health Journal 2, 257-263.

Restak, R.M. (1986). The infant mind New York: Doubleday & Co.

Rice, R. (1977). Neurophysiological development in premature infants following stimulation. Developmental Psychology, 23(1), 69-76.

Rice, R. (1985). Infant stress and the relationship to violent behaviour. The Journal of Neonatal Nursing, 3(5), 39-44.

Rossi, E.L., & Cheek, D.B. (1988). Mind-body therapy: Methods ofideodynamic healing in hypnosis. New York: W.W. Norton & Co.

Rothschild, B.F. (1967). Incubator isolation as a possible contributing factor to the high incidence of emotional disturbance among prematurely born persons. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 110, 287-304.

Stott, D.H. (1973). Follow-up study from birth of the effects of prenatal stress. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 15, 770-787.

Tomatis, A.A. (1987). Ontogenesis of the faculty of listening. In T. Verny (Ed.), Pre- and perinatal psychology: An introduction (pp 23-35). New York: Human Sciences Press.

Verny, T., & Kelly, J. (1981). The secret life of the unborn child New York: Summit Books.

Verny, T. (1989). The scientific basis of pre- and perinatal psychology. Pre- and Perinatal Psychology Journal 3, 157-170.

Robyn L. Irving-Neto, M.A., and Thomas R. Verny, M.D., D. Psych., F.R.C.P. (C)

Robyn L. Irving-Neto is currently a graduate student at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto, where she is studying the area of Early Childhood in Applied Psychology. Thomas R. Verny, M.D. is a psychiatrist in private practice in Toronto and co-author (with John Kelly) of The Secret Life of The Unborn Child. He is the former president of the Pre- and Peri-Natal Psychology Association of North America and former editor of the Pre- and Peri-Natal Psychology Journal The present work is a revised version of Ms. Irving-Neto's undergraduate honours thesis at York University. The study is based upon the responses to a questionnaire designed by Dr. Verny for Omni Magazine. Address correspondence to the author at 274 Rhodes Ave., Toronto, Ont., M4L 3A3.

APPENDIX

APPENDIX

APPENDIX