In a village in Egypt two patterns of infant and child rearing were observed. Uneducated mothers living in extended families used a high contact style of infant rearing and child nurses to produce children who were cooperative, family oriented and highly attached to their mother. Educated women living in nuclear families used a low contact style of infant rearing and adult caretakers to produce children who were ego oriented and able to achieve independently of their family. I hypothesize that these styles were adopted in order to produce children with the qualities necessary to fulfill their parents' expectations.
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Judy H. Brink, Ph.D.
Judy Brink is an associate professor of anthropology at Lock Haven University, Lock Haven, Pa. 17745. Her research in Egypt has been supported by the National Science Foundation, the Mellon Foundation and by the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education. Her research has documented the effects of modern education and wage labor on other aspects of rural Egypt; women's status (University Microfilms 1985), the extended family (Urban Anthroplogy 1987), the village economy (Cairo Papers in Social Science 1991) and labor migration (International Journal of Middle East Studies 1991). Address correspondence to Lock Haven University, 102 Thomas Annex, Lock Haven, PA 17745.
JOURNAL OF PRENATAL AND PERINATAL PSYCHOLOGY AND HEALTH publishes research and clinical articles from the cutting edge of the science of prenatal and perinatal psychology and health. The journal, published quarterly since 1986, is dedicated to the in-depth exploration human reproduction and pregnancy and the mental and emotional development of the unborn and newborn child.