Life: How Experience in the Womb Can Affect Our Lives Forever

$10.00
Price: $10.00
Publication Date: 
Mar 2009

ABSTRACT:?Until we re-direct our focus earlier, we shall never solve these human problems.? Dr. Arthur Janov explains this position in his article and describes how the psychophysiological effects of events that occur during the first nine months influence the lifespan. Clearly focusing on the womb is a shift in his Primal theory. This change proposes the importance of healing prenatal imprints to more clearly see their widespread cumulative and enduring effects. ?It means that how the birth trauma is played out, and reacted to, depends on earlier life circumstances?womb-life.?

References: 

Addis, D. R., & Schacter, D. L. (2008). Constructive episodic simulation: Temporal distance and detail of past and future events modulate hippocampal engagement. Hippocampus, 18, 227-237.

Anand, K J. S. & Scalzo, F. M. (2000). Can adverse neonatal experiences alter brain development and subsequent behavior? Biology of the Neonate, 77(2), 69-82.

Barr, C. S., Newman, T. K., Becker, M. L., Champoux, M., Lesch, K P, Suomi, S. J., Goldman, D., & Higley, J. D. (2003). Serotonin transporter gene variation is associated with alcohol sensitivity in rhesus macaques exposed to early-life stress. Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research, 27(5), 812-7.

Briley, M. S., Raisman, R., & Langer, S. Z. (1979). Human platelets posses high-affinity binding sites for 3H-imipramine. European Journal Pharmacology, 58(3), 347-348.

Bygdeman, M. & Jacobson, B. (1998). Obstetric care and proneness of offspring to suicide as adults: Case control study. British Medical Journal, 327(7169), 1346-9.

Cannon, T. D, Yolken, R, Buka, S., & Torrey, E. F. (2008). Decreased neurotrophic response to birth hypoxia in the etiology of schizophrenia. Biological Psychiatry, 64(9), 797-802.

Canoy, D., Pouta, A., Ruokonen, A., Hartikainen, A. L., Saikku, P, & Jarvelin, M. R. (2009). Weight at birth and infancy in relation to adult leukocyte count: a population-based study of 5619 men and women followed from the fetal period to adulthood. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. Retrieved March 2009 from: http://jcem.endojournals.org/

Cirulli, F., Bonsignore, L. T., Venerosi, A., Valanzano, A., Chiarotti, R, & Alleva, E. (2003). Long-term effects of acute perinatal asphyxia on rat maternal behavior. Neurotoxicology and Teratology, 25(5), 571-578.

Côté, F., Fligny , C, Bayard, E., Launay, J. M., Gershon, M. D., Mallet, J., & Vodjdani, G. (2007). Maternal serotonin is crucial for murine embryonic development. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104(1), 329-34.

Diego, M., Field, T., Hernandez-Reif, M., Schanberg, S., Kuhn, C, González-Quintero, V. H., (2009). Prenatal depression restricts fetal growth. Early Human Development, 85(1), 65-70.

Fendt, M., Lex, A., Falkai, P, Henn, FA., & Schmitt, A. (2008). Behavioural alterations in rats following neonatal hypoxia and effects of clozapine: implications for schizophrenia. Pharmacopsychiatry, 41(4) 138-45.

Field, T. (2001). Targeting adolescent mothers with depressive symptoms for early intervention. Sage Family Studies Abstracts, 23(3), 275-407.

Field, T., Diego, M., Hernandez-Reif, M. & Fernandez, M. (2007). Depressed mothers' newborns show less dismmination of other newborns' cry sounds. Infant Behavior and Development, 30(3), 431-435.

Field, T., Diego, M., Dietera, J., Hernandez-Reifa, M., Schanbergb, S., Kuhnb, C, Yandoc, R. & Bendelld, D. (2004). Prenatal depression effects on the fetus and the newborn. Infant Behavior and Development, 27(2), 216-229.

Huttunen, M. O. & Niskanen, P (1978). Prenatal loss of father and psychiatric disorders. Archives of General Psychiatry, 35(4), 429-31.

Hoffman, E. & Goldstein, L. (1981). Hemispheric quantitative EEG changes following emotional reactions in neurotic patients. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 63(2), 153-64.

Huot, R. L., Brennan, P A., Stowe, Z. N, Plotsky, P M., & Walker, E. F (2004). Negative affect in offspring of depressed mothers is predicted by infant Cortisol levels at 6 months and maternal depression during pregnancy, but not postpartum. N.Y. Academy of Science, 1032, 234-236.

Jacobson, B. & Bygdeman, M. (1998). Obstetric care and proneness of offspring to suicide as adults: Case-control study. BMJ, 317, 1346-49.

JAMA and Archives Journals (2008, February 5). Severe stressful events early in pregnancy may be associated with schizophrenia among offspring. ScienceDaily . Retrieved January 22, 2009, from http://www.sciencedaily.com /releases/2008/02/080204161433.htm

Kaplan, L., Evans, L., & Monk, C. (2008). Effects of mother's prenatal psychiatric status and postnatal caregiving on infant biobehavioral regulation. Early Human Development, 84(4), 249-256.

Lowery, C. L., Hardman, M., Manning, N, Hall, R., & Anand, K. (2007). Neurodevelopmental changes of fetal pain. Seminars in Perinatology, 31(5), 275-282.

Lynch, G., Rex, C. S., Chen, L. Y., & Gall, C. M. (2008). The substrates of memory: Defects, treatments and enhancement. European Journal of Pharmacology, 585, 2-13.

Mill, J., Tang, T, Kaminsky, Z., Khare, T, Yazdanpanah, S., Bouchard, L. et al, (2008). Epigenomic profiling reveals DNA-methylation changes associated with major psychosis. American Journal of Human Genetics, 82(3), 696-711.

Nyberg, K., Buka, S. L., & Lipsitt, L. P. (2000). Perinatal medication as a potential risk factor for adult drug abuse in a North American cohort. Epidemiology, 11(6), 715-716.

Phillips, D. I. W., & Jones, A. (2006). Fetal programming of autonomic and HPA function: do people who were small babies have enhanced stress responses? Journal of Physiology, 572(1), 45-50.

Ponirakis, A., Susman, E.J., & Stifer, CA. (1998). Negative emotionality and Cortisol during adolescent pregnancy and its effects on infant health and autonomic nervous system reactivity. Developmental Psychobiology, 33, 163-174.

Ranalli, P (2000). The emerging reality of fetal pain in late abortion. National Right to Life News, 27(9). www.nrlc.org

Singer, D. (2004). Metabolic adaptation to hypoxia: Cost and benefit of being small. Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology, 141(3), 215-228.

Singer, D. (1999). Neonatal tolerance to hypoxia: a comparative-physiological approach. Comparative Biochemistry And Physiology. Part A, Molecular and Integrative Physiology, 123(3), 221-34.

Scripps Research Institute (2007, September 6). Specific neurons involved in memory formation identified. ScienceDaily. Retrieved 1/20/2009.

Seckl, J. R & Meaney, M. J. (2006). Glucocorticoid "programming" and PTSD risk. Annals of the NY. Academy of Science, 1071, 351-378.

Thompson, P (2007). "Down will come baby": Prenatal stress, primitive defenses and gestational dysregulation. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation, 8(3), 99-113.

University of Pennsylvania (2005, December 25). Researchers know what you were about to say; fMRI used to detect memory storage. Science Daily. Retrieved 1/18/2009.

Dispelling the Disempowering Birth Vocabulary

$10.00
Price: $10.00
Publication Date: 
Oct 2008

This article presents a very basic challenge with regard to the way in which human beings enter into this world. This is not just a challenge to the medical model, but to ?natural childbirth? methods as well. It addresses the fundamentals of language that have guided our core concepts of sexuality and birth. It is not limited to the English language, but points out the roots of words from many languages that have contributed to world-wide attitudes and concepts.

References: 

Eaton, S.B., Shostak, M., & Konner, M., 1988. The paleolithic prescription. New York: Harper and Row, New York

Schiefenhovel, W. 1978. Childbirth among the Eipos, New Guinea. Film presented at the Congress of Ethnomedicine. Gottingen. Germany

Recreating Ourselves: Ground-Breaking Research for a New Humanity

$10.00
Price: $10.00
Publication Date: 
May 2008

The intention of this paper is to introduce interdisciplinary research challenging the foundations of self-growth fields and leading to the birth of a new humanity. The paper briefly summarizes relevant literature and introduces new adult verbal and nonverbal typologies with origins in four key preverbal developmental stages (conception, prenatal, birth and bonding). Interdisciplinary contributing fields included are embryology, neurobiology, attachment theory, body-centered psychotherapy, somatic psychology, and prenatal and perinatal psychology.

References: 

Caldwell, C. (2001). Bridging prenatal and perinatal psychology with somatic psychology. The Moving Cycle. www.themovingcycle.com/_Articles.htm

English, J. B.(1985). Different doorway: Adventures of a caesarean born. CA: Earth Heart.

Hendricks, G. & Hendricks, K. (1987). Techniques for dealing with prenatal and perinatal issues in therapy: A bodymind perspective. Pre- & Perinatal Psychology Journal, 1(3), 230-238.

_____ (1991). Radiance: Breathwork, movement & body-centered psychotherapy. Berkeley, CA: Wingbow Press.

_____ (1992). At the speed of life: A new approach to personal change through bodycentered therapy. New York, NY: Bantam Book.

_____ (1999). The conscious heart: A body-centered approach to creating intimacy. In J. Carlson & L. Sperry (Eds.), The intimate couple (pp. 406-420). Philadelphia, PA: Brunner/Mazel.

Immelmami, K. (1972). Sexual and other long-term aspects of imprinting in birds and other species. Advances in the Study of Behavior, 4, 147-174.

Jacobsen, B., Eklund, G., Hamberger, L. Linnarwsson, D., Sedvall, G. & Valverios, M. (1987). Perinatal origins of adult self-destructive behavior. Acta Psych. Scand.,76(4\ 364-71.

Johncock, P. & Sillito, M. (2006). The power of living genius. Sparks, NV: Fun Unlimited Inc.

Lyman, B. J. (1999). Antecedents to somatoform disorders: A pre-and perinatal psychology hypothesis. Journal of Prenatal & Perinatal Psychology & Health, 12(3-4), 247-254.

_____ (2005) Prenatal and Perinatal Psychotherapy with Adults: An Integrative Model for Empirical Testing. Journal of Prenatal & Perinatal Psychology & Health, 20(1), 58-76.

Riley, C. D. (1986). Tess: The emotional and physiological effects of prenatal physical trauma. Pre- & Perinatal Psychology Journal, 1(1), 69-74.

Siegel, D. J. (1999). The developing mind: How relationships and the brain interact to shape who we are. New York: The Gilford Press.

Siegel, D. J. & Hartzell, M. (2003). Parenting from the inside out. New York: Tarcher-Putnam.

Sonne, J. C. (1997). Interpreting the dread of being aborted in therapy. Journal of Prenatal & Perinatal Psychology & Health, 11(4), 185-214.

Ward, S. (1999). Birth trauma in infants and children. Journal of Prenatal & Perinatal Psychology & Health, 12(3-4), 201-212.

Webster's new collegiate dictionary (8th ed.). (1976). Springfield, MA.

From "Bad" Ritual to "Good" Ritual: Transmutations of Childbearing Trauma in Holotropic Ritual

$10.00
Price: $10.00
Publication Date: 
Dec 2007

In this article a tentative and provisional theory is advanced on the treatment of birth-giving trauma. ?Birth-giving-trauma? here refers to women (and men) psychologically, physically or emotionally traumatized during birth-giving. In the first part of this article I outline anthropologist Robbie Davis-Floyd?s argument that Western medicalized birthing can be constructed as a ?modern? rite of passage which can negatively imprint disempowering images into women?s minds, reinforce messages of inferiority, and traumatise the birth-giving mothers.

References: 

Achterberg, J. (1992). Ritual: The foundation for transpersonal medicine. Revision, 14(3), 158-166.

American Psychiatric Association (4th ed.) (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. Washington, DC: Author.

Bache, C. (2000). Dark night early dawn: Steps to a deep ecology of mind. Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York.

Bates, B., & Turner, A. (2003). Imagery and symbolism in the birth practices of traditional cultures. In L. Dundee (Ed.), The manner born: Birth rites in cross-cultural perspective (pp. 87-97). Walnut Creek, CA: Altimira Press.

Beck, C. (2004). Birth trauma: In the eye of the beholder. Nursing Research, 53(1), 28-35.

Biesele, M. (1997). An ideal of unassisted birth: Hunting, healing, and transformation among the Kalahari Ju/Tioansi. In R. Davis-Floyd & C. Sargent (Eds.), Childbirth and authoritative knowledge (pp. 474-492). Berkeley: University of California Press.

Bolen, J.S. (1989). Goddess remembered, [videorecording] The National Film Board of Canada, Direction Donna Read.

Davis-Floyd, R. (1992). Birth as an American rite of passage. Berkeley: California University Press.

Davis-Floyd, R. (1994). Rituals of the American hospital. In D. McCurdy, (Ed.) Conformity and conflict: Readings in cultural anthropology 8th ed (pp. 323-340). Harper/Collins.

Davis-Floyd, R., & Sargent, C. (Eds.) (1997). Childbirth and authoritative knowledge: Cross-cultural perspectives. University of California Press.

Davis-Floyd, R. (2002). Knowing: A story of two births. Unpublished manuscript.

d'Aquili, E. (1985). Human ceremonial ritual and modulation of aggression. Zygon: Journal of Religion and Science, 20(1), 21-30.

d'Aquili, E., Laughlin, C., & McManus, J. (Eds.) (1979). The spectrum of ritual: A biogenetic structural analysis. New York: Columbia University Press.

Elkin, E. (1977). Aboriginal men of high degree. St. Martin's Press: New York.

Ferrer, J. (2002). Revisioning transpersonal theory: A participatory vision of human spirituality. Albany, N.Y: State University of New York.

Grof, S. (1977). The implications of psychedelic research for anthropology: Observations from LSD psychotherapy. In I. M. Lewis (Ed.), Symbols and sentiment: Cross cultural studies in symbolism (pp. 140-174). London: Academic Press.

Grof, S. (1985). Beyond the brain: Birth, death and transcendence in psychotherapy. Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York.

Grof, S. (1988). The adventure of self discovery. Albany, N.Y.: State University of NewYork.

Grof, S. (1998). The cosmic game: Explorations at the frontiers of human consciousness. Albany, N. Y: State University of New York.

Grof, S. & Halifax, J. (1977). The human encounter with death. London: Souvenir Press.

Heron, J. & Lahood, G. (2007). Charismatic inquiry in concert: action research in the realm of the between. Handbook of Action Research second edition, (pp. 439-449) (Eds.) P Reason and H Bradbury, London, Sage Publications).

Hollan, D. (2000). Constructivist models of mind, contemporary psychoanalysis, and the development of culture theory. American Anthropologist, 102(3), 538-550.

Kapferer, B. (1986). Performance and the structuring of meaning and experience. In V. Turner and E. Bruner (Eds.) The anthropology of experience (pp.188-203).Urbana: University of Illinois.

Katz, R. (1976). Education for transcendence: !Kia-healing with the Kalahari !Rung. In R.Lee & I. De Vore (Eds.) Kalahari hunters and gatherers (pp. 281-302). Cambridge, Mass; London: Harvard University Press.

Kitzinger, S. (1978). Women as mothers. How they see themselves in different cultures. New York: Random House.

Kitzinger, S. (1982). The social context of birth: Some comparisons between Jamaica and Britain. In C. MacCormack (Ed.) Ethnography of fertility and birth (pp.181- 203). London: Academic Press.

Klassen, P. (2001). Blessed events: religion and the home birth movement in America. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press.

Kremer, J. (1996). The shadow of evolutionary thinking. ReVision: A journal of consciousness and transformation, 19(1), 41-48.

Laderman, C. (1983). Wives and midwives: Childbirth and nutrition in rural Malaysia. Berkeley: California University Press.

Laderman, C, (1987). The ambiguity of symbols in the structure of healing. Social Science and Medicine, 24(4), 293-301.

Lahood, G. (2006a) An anthropological perspective on near-death-like experiences in three men's pregnancy-related spiritual crises. Journal of Near-Death Studies, 24(4), 211-36.

Lahood, G. (2006b) Skulls at the Banquet: Near birth as nearing death. Journal of Transpersonal Psychology, 38(1), 1-24.

Lahood, G. (2006c) Rumour of angels and heavenly midwives: Anthropology of transpersonal events and childbirth, Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives, 20(1), 3-10.

Laughlin, C. (1988). Transpersonal anthropology: Some methodological issues. Western Canadian Anthropology, 5, 29-60.

Laughlin, C. (1994). Psychic energy & transpersonal experience: A biogenetic structural account of the Tibetan Dumo Yoga practice. In D. Young & J. Goulet (Eds.) Being changed by cross-cultural encounters: The anthropology of extraordinary experience (pp. 99-135). Peterborough, Ontario: Broadview Press.

Levi-Strauss, C. (1963). Structural anthropology. New York: Basic Books.

MacCormack, C. (1982). Ethnography of fertility and birth. London, New York: Academic Press.

Maslow, A. (1969). The Farther Reaches of Human Nature. Journal of Transpersonal Psychology. 1(1) 1-9.

McClain, C. (1989). Reinterpreting women in healing roles. In C. McClain (Ed.), Women as healers: Cross-cultural perspectives (pp. 1-20). New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press.

McClenon, J. (2002). Wondrous healing: Shamanism, human evolution, and the origin of religion. Dekalb, Illinois: Northern University Press.

McDermott, R. (1993). Transpersonal worldviews: Historical and philosophical reflections. In R. Walsh & F Vaughn (Eds.), Paths beyond ego: The transpersonal vision (pp.206- 211). Jeremy P. Tarcher/Putnam Books.

Paul, L. Paul, B. (1975). The Maya midwife as ritual specialist: A Guatemalan case. American Ethnologist, 2(4), 707-726.

Peters, L. (1996). The contribution of anthropology to transpersonal psychiatry. In B. Scotton, A. Chinen & J. Battista (Eds.), The textbook of transpersonal psychiatry and psychology (pp. 207-216). New York: Basic Books.

Potter, J. (1974). Cantonese shamanism. In A. Wolf (Ed.), Religion and ritual in Chinese society (pp. 207-231). Stanford: Standford University Press.

Sered, S. (1991). Childbirth as a religious experience?: Voices from an Israeli hospital. Journal for the Feminist Study of Religion, 7(2), 15.

Simkin, P & Klaus, P. (2004). When survivors give birth: Understanding and healing the effects of early sexual abuse on childbearing women. Seattle, Wash: Classic Day Publishing.

Tarnas, R. (1991). The passion of the Western mind: Understanding the ideas that have shaped our worldview. New York: Harmony Books.

Turner, V. (1969). The ritual process. New York: Aldine De Gruyter.

Turner, V. (1979). Process, performance and pilgrimage. New Delhi: Concept Publishing House.

Turner, E. (1992). Experiencing ritual: A new interpretation of African healing. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Van Gennep, A. (1960). The rites of passage. London: Routledge & Keagan Paul.

Walden, N. (1993). Contributors of transpersonal perspectives to understanding sexual abuse, Re Vision: Ajournai of consciousness and transformation, 15(4), 169.

White, H. (1980). The value of narrative in the representation of reality. In On narrative, W. J.T. Mitchell (Ed.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Whitmont, E. (1983). Return of the goddess. London: Routledge & Keagan Paul.

Investigation by Questionnaire Regarding Fetal/Infant Memory in the Womb and/or at Birth

$10.00
Price: $10.00
Publication Date: 
Dec 2005

The purpose of this study is to clarify the possession rate of fetal/infant memory in the womb and/or at birth and to validate its characteristic. A total of 1620 answered questionnaires of the 3601 distributed were returned, giving an overall recovery rate of 45.0%. The possession rates of womb and birth memory were 33.0% and 20.7%, respectively. Parents, too, responded with regard to their own memory from birth, and 1.1% appeared possessing such memory.

References: 

Chamberlain, D. (1988). Babies remember birth. New York: Ballantine Books.

Chamberlain, D. (1998). The mind of your newborn baby. Berkeley, CA: North Atlantic Books.

Gulpinar, M.A., & Yegen B.C. (2004, Dec). The physiology of learning and memory: role of peptides and stress. Current Protein and Peptide Science, 5(6), 457-473.

Heinrichs, M., Meinlschmidt G., Wippich W., Ehlert U., & Hellhammer D.H. (2004, Oct). Selective amnesic effect of oxytocin on human memory. Physiology and Behavior 30; 83(1), 31-8.

Verny, T., with Weintraub, P. (2002). Pre-parenting nurturing your child from conception. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Verny, T., with Kelly, J., (1981). The secret life of the unborn child. New York: Dell Publishing.

Akira Ikegawa, Administrative Director of Ikegawa Clinic

Send correspondence to Akira Ikegawa, MD, PhD, Administrative Director of Ikegawa Clinic. Address: 2-5-13 Daidou Kanazawa-Ku Yokohama Japan 236-0035. Email: aikegawa@seaple.icc.ne.jp

The Origin of Anxiety: A Synopsis

$10.00
Price: $10.00
Publication Date: 
Dec 2002

For thousands of years, in all developed societies throughout the world, mothers have been separated from their babies-as an emotional adaptation to a life of alienation. The first advanced civilizations which can relate this to us are the Sumerians-and their successors the Babylonians. Five thousand years ago they developed the cuneiform writing system and then recorded the oldest stories in the world. I understand their mythology as the 'great dreams' of these peoples.

References: 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Renggli, Franz 1974: Angst und Geborgenheit. Soziokulturelle Folgen der Mutter-Kind Beziehung im ersten Lebensjahr. Ergebnisse aus Verhaltensforschung, Psychoanalyse und Ethnologie. Hamburg. (*Anxiety and security. Socio-cultural consequences of the mother-child relationship in the first year. Findings from behavioral research, psychoanalysis and ethnology.)

Renggli, Franz 1992: Selbstzerstorung aus Verlassenheit. Die Pest als Ausbruch einer Massenpsychose im Mittelalter. Zur Geschichte der friihen Mutter-Kind Beziehung. Hamburg. (*Self-destruction due to Abandonment. The Plague as an eruption of a mass psychosis in the Middle Ages. On the history of the early mother-child relationship).

Renggli, Franz 2000: Der Sonnenaufgang als Geburt eines Babys. Der pranatale Schlussel zur agyptischen Mythologie. Eine Hommage an den hollandischen Religionshistoriker Bruno Hugo Stricker. (**The sunrise as the birth of a baby. The prenatal key to Egyptian mythology. Homage to the Dutch historian of religion Bruno Hugo Stricker.) In: The International Journal of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Medicine, Band 12:365-82.

Renggli, Franz 2001: Der Ursprung der Angst, antike Mythen und das Trauma der Geburt. Dusseldorf. (*The origin of anxiety, ancient myths and the trauma of birth.)
Renggli, Franz 2002: Tracing the Roots of Panic to Prenatal Trauma. In Brooke Warner (Editor): Panic: Origins, Insight and Treatment. Berkeley, California, North Atlantic Books.
Franz Renggli, Ph.D.

This paper is the first synopsis in English in which the author, Franz Renglli, introduces the major themes of his scholarly work published in German in 2001: Der Ursprung der Angst, antike Mythen und das Trauma der Geburt (The Origin of Anxiety, Ancient Myths and the Trauma of Birth). The German edition was published in Dusseldorf. Correspondence to: Dr. Franz Renggli, psychoanalyst and body psychotherapist, Nonnenweg 11, 4055 Basel, Switzerland. Email: the_nyfelers@bluewin.ch.

Pages