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When Humanity is Born by Cesarean at the Dawn of a Paradigm Shift.

Publication Date: 
October, 2014
Abstract: 

Abstract:  In this paper, the question of the long-term impact of cesarean birth on cultures worldwide is investigated. Extensive research is cited to support the concepts put forth.

Childbirth-Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Breastfeeding: Challenges Mothers Face and How Birth Professionals Can Support Them by Kathleen Kendall-Tackett

Publication Date: 
June, 2015
Abstract: 

Abstract: Birth is life-altering event. Under the best circumstances, it is a happy one. Labor and delivery can be empowering, with mothers feeling that they have accomplished something great. Unfortunately, birth can also be difficult, overwhelming, and for some, traumatic. Without intervention, childbirth-related trauma and PTSD can last for years, coloring how women feel about themselves as mothers, and potentially marring their relationships with partners and babies. Birth trauma and breastfeeding intersect in some key ways. Birth trauma can negatively impact breastfeeding.

The Significance of Pregnancy and Birth for Cultural Evolution by Ludwig Janus

Publication Date: 
September, 2015
Abstract: 

One of the important differences between Homo sapiens and the other primates is the condition of pregnancy and birth. Because of the upright walk and the larger brain size of Homo sapiens, the birth channel became too narrow to accommodate birth after a long pregnancy. The evolutionary solution was the shortening of human pregnancy from about 21 months to only nine months. The consequence of this was the so-called “physiological prematurity” of human newborns.

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