Freud and the Prenatal Dimension of Emotional Experience by Ludwig Janus, MD

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Sep 2016

The main perspective of this writing is that the development of psychoanalysis occurred in Central Europe within the context of a change of mindset from imperial rule in the 19th century to the democratically oriented 20th century. In short, the shift was from an authoritarian orientation to an orientation of self-experience. The prenatal dimension of experience is given specific focus.

References: 

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Hochauf, R. (2014). Der Zugang analytischer Psychotherapie zur frühen Traumatisierungen (Analysis psybhotherapy for early trauma). In: K. Evertz, L. Janus, & R. Linder (2014). Lehrbuch der Pränatalen Psychologie (Textbook of prenatal psychology). Heidelberg, Germany: Mattes.

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Janus, L. (1988). Zum Zusammenhang von Geburt und Lebensgestaltung im Märchen und im Mythos (On the connection between birth and lifestyle in fairy tales and myth). Kind und Umwelt (Child and Environment), 57, 3-19.

Janus, L. (1989a) Die verdeckte pränatale Dimension im Konzept Melanie Kleins (The covert prenatal dimension in the theories of Melanie Klein). Forum der Psychoanalyse (Forum of Psychoanalysis), 5, 333-341.

Janus, L. (1989 b) Erscheinungsformen der frühen Mutterimago im Werke Freuds (Manifestation of early mother-imago in Freud’s work). In: H. V. Werthmann (Ed.) Unbewusste Phantasien (Unconscious Fantasies). Munich, Germany: Pfeiffer.

Janus, L. (2000). Die Psychoanalyse der vorgeburtlichen Lebenszeit und der Geburt (Psychoanalysis of prenatal life and birth). Gießen, Germany: Psychosozial

Janus, L. (2014). Otto Rank: Der Mensch als Künstler – Kreativität als Wesenskern des Menschen (Otto Rank: Man as artist – creativity as essence of man). In: G. Gödde & J. Zirfaß (Eds.) Lebenskunst im 20. Jahrhundert – Stimmen von Philosophen, Künstlern und Therapeuten (Art of living in the 20th century – voices of philosphers, artists, and therapists). Paderborn, Germany: Fink.

Janus, L. (2015a). Geburt (Birth). Gießen, Germany: Psychosozial.

Janus, L. (2015b). Die Freud-Rank-Kontroverse - Konsequenzen für die Theorie und Praxis der Psychoanalyse (The Freud-Rank-controversy – consequences for the theory and practice of psychoanalysis). In: Psychoanalyse im Wiederspruch (Psychoanalysis Opposition) 53, 83-94.

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The development of psychoanalysis occurred in Central Europe during the shift was from an authoritarian orientation to an orientation of self-experience. The prenatal dimension of experience is given specific focus.

Thinking the Unthought

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Publication Date: 
Jul 2012

Some psychoanalytic researches are reviewed here to give an overview of how ideas on prenatal life and psychoanalytic ideas on ego-formation got tentatively together during the last century and the first years of the new century. There is a large bow to Ferenczi who published his long paper Thalassa in 1924 after about ten years of thoughts on it that were shared by Maiello, Hidas and Raffai, and Wilheim. Certainly this bow is incomplete. However, we can see how prenatal life becomes more relevant in psychoanalytic research, too.

References: 

Bianchedi, E.T. de, Antar, L.R., Biancheci, D.M. de, Cortinas, L. P., Neborak, S., Kaplan, A. G., de, … Oelsner, R. (1999). Pre-natals/post-natals: The total personality: A memory of the future / The future of psychoanalysis. Retrieved from http://www.sicap.it/~merciai/bion/papers/bianc2.htm
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Blazy, H. (2006). Dreizehn yahre nach Piontelli “From Fetus to Child.” (Thirteen years after Piontelli From fetus to child) International Journal of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Medicine, 18(1-4), 92-103.
Caruso, I. (1973). Die Bedeutung des pränatalen seelenlebens für die persönlichkeitsentwicklung (The importance of prenatal life for personality development). In Graber, Kruse: Vorgeburtliches Seelenleben (Prenatal Mental Life). Goldmann Medizin Bd. 9038, 65-72.
Ferenczi, S. (1924) Versuch einer genitaltheorie (Attempt at a theory of genitality). In: Balint, M., (Ed) (1972). Schriften zur Psychoanalyse II (Writings on psychoanalysis II), 317-400. Frankfort: S. Fischer.
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Gidoni, E.A. (1985) Die continuität zwischen fetalen und postnatalen verhaltensmustern (The continuity between fetal and postnatal behaviour). In Milani Comparetti (Ed). Von der behandlung der krankheit zur sorge um hesundheit: Konzept einer am kind orientierten gesundheitsförderung (Of treating the disease of concern to health: On child-oriented concept of health promotion), 57-64.
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The Skin as a Psychic Organ: The Use of Infant Massage as a Psychotherapeutic Tool in Infant-Parent Psychotherapy

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Publication Date: 
Dec 2007

This paper explores the use of touch, particularly infant-massage in infant-parent psychotherapy and the ways in which clinicians can utilize this intervention to strengthen infant-parent attachment. Touch as a taboo in psychotherapy, and the paradigmatic shifts that are occurring to allow for a reconsideration of the value of touch in psychotherapy is considered. Theories on touch and development from a depth-oriented perspective are presented, including related concepts such as: psychic skin, skin ego, and Winnicott?s holding environment or handling.

References: 

Anzieu, (1989). The skin ego (C. Turner, Trans.). New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. (Original work published 1985)

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