Infant

The Rights of the Human Newborn Baby

$10.00
Price: $10.00
Related Content:: 
Publication Date: 
October 2012

Sibling Grief After Perinatal Loss

$10.00
Price: $10.00
Related Content:: 
Publication Date: 
May 2011

Research which studies family grief in response to perinatal loss (the loss of a child before birth, during birth, or immediately after birth) generally has focused on parental grief and rarely included sibling grief. The emotional burdens from unresolved grief that surviving siblings experience can be carried into adulthood and are insufficiently understood. Siblings in families bereaved as a result of perinatal loss suffer in two ways: they mourn the loss of their expected sibling and they mourn the loss of the parents as they knew them prior to the loss.

References: 

Bartellas, E., & Van Aerde, J. (2003). Bereavement support for women and their families after stillbirth. Journal of Obstetric and Gynecology Canada, 25(2), 131-138.

Bowlby, J. (1980). Attachment and loss: Vol. 3. Loss: Sadness and depression. New York: Basic Books.

Canister, L. C. (2006). Perinatal loss: A family perspective. Journal of Perinatal and Neonatal Nursing, 20(3), 227-234.

Corr, C. (2002). Revisiting the concept of disenfranchised grief. In K. J. Doka (Ed.), Disenfranchised grief: New directions, challenges, and strategies for practice (pp. 3960). Champaign, IL: Research Press.

Crenshaw, D. (2002). The disenfranchised grief of children. In K. J. Doka (Ed.), Disenfranchised grief: New directions, challenges, and strategies for practice (pp. 293-306). Champaign, IL: Research Press.

Davies, B. (2006). Sibling grief throughout childhood. The Forum, Jan/Feh/March, 4.

DeVita-Raeburn, E. (2004). The empty room: Surviving the loss of a brother or sister at any age. New York: Scribner.

Erlandsson, K, Avelin, P, Saflund, K, Wredling, R., & Radestad, I. (2010). Siblings' farewell to a stillborn sister or brother and parents' support to their older children: a questionnaire study from the parents' perspective. Journal of Child Health Care, 14(2), 151-160.

Gilbert, K., & Smart, L. (1992). Coping with fetal or infant loss: The couple's healing process. New York: Charles C. Thomas.

Hailing, S. (2002). Making phenomenology accessible to a wider audience. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, 33(1), 19-38.

Hogan, N (2006). Understanding adolescent sibling bereavement. The Forum, Jan/FebVMarch, 5-6.

Kauffman, J. (1989). Intrapsychic dimensions of disenfranchised grief. In K J. Doka (Ed.), Disenfranchised grief: Recognizing hidden sorrow (pp. 25-29). Lexington, MA. Lexington.

Kauffman, J. (2002). The psychology of disenfranchised grief: Liberation, shame and selfdisenfranchisement. In K. J. Doka (Ed.), Disenfranchised grief: New directions, challenges, and strategies for practice (pp. 61-77). Champaign, IL: Research Press.

Kempson, D., & Murdock, V. (2010). Memory keepers: A narrative study on siblings never known. Death Studies, 34(8), 738-756.

Klass, D., Silverman, P. R., & Nickman, S. L. (1996). Continuing bonds: New understanding of grief. London: Taylor & Francis.

Kockelmans, J. (1994). Edmund Husserl's Phenomenology. West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University Press, 1994).

Kuebelbeck, A. & Davis, D. L. (2011). A gift of time: Continuing your pregnancy when your baby's life is expected to be brief. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Leon, I. G. (1986). The invisible loss: The impact of perinatal loss on siblings. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics & Gynecology, 5(1), 1-14.

Lieberman, A. E, Compton, N C, Van Horn, P, & Ghosh Ippen, C. (2003). Losing a parent to death in the early years. Washington, DC: Zero to Three Press.

Long, J. (1992). Grief and loss in childbirth. Midwives Chronicle Nursing Notes, 105(1250), 51-54.

Miller, A. (1997). The drama of the gifted child: The search for the true self (Rev. ed). New York: Basic Books.

O'Leary, J. (2007). Pregnancy and infant loss: Supporting parents and their children. Zero to Three, 27(6), 42-49.

O'Leary, J., Gaziano, C, & Thorwick, C. (2006). Born after loss: The invisible child in adulthood. Journal of Prenatal & Perinatal Psychology ¿Health, 21(1), 3-23.

O'Leary, J., & Thorwick, C. (2008). Attachment to the unborn child and parental mental representations of pregnancy following perinatal loss. Attachment, 2(3), 292-320.

Ostler, T (2010). Grief and coping in early childhood. Zero to Three, 31(1), 29-35.

Packman, W., Horsely, H., Davies, B., & Kramer, R. (2006). Sibling bereavement and continuing bonds. Death Studies, 30(9), 817-841.

Pettle, S. A., & Britten, CM. (1995). Talking with children about death and dying. Child: Care, Health, and Development, 21(6), 394-404.

Roose, R. E., & Blanford, C. R. (2011). Perinatal grief and support spans the generations: Parents' and grandparents' evaluations of an intergenerational perinatal bereavement program. Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing 25(1), 77-85.

Rosenblatt, P C. (1995). Ethics of qualitative interviewing with grieving families. Death Studies, 19(2) 139-155.

Rosenblatt, P C. (2001). Qualitative research as spiritual experience. In K. R. Gilbert (Ed.), The emotional nature of qualitative research (pp. 111-128). New York: CRC Press.

Schwab, R. (2009). Child's death. Encyclopedia of Death and Dying. Flossmoor, IL, Advameg, Inc. Retrieved from: http://www.deathreferenoe.conVGi-Ho/Grief.html.

Shainess, N (1963). The structure of the mothering encounter. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 136(2), 146-161.

Sokolowski, R. (1999). Introduction to Phenomenology. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Sroufe, LA. (2005). Attachment and development: A prospective, longitudinal study from birth to adulthood. Attachment and Human Development, 7(4), 349-367.

Trout, M. (2009). The creation of a false self: A survival strategy for siblings of wounded adopted or foster children. In: D. Silverstein, & S. Smith (Eds.), Siblings in adoption and foster care: Traumatic separations and honored connections (pp. 95-108). Westport, CT: Praeger Pubhshing.

Van Manen, M. (1990). Researching lived experience: Human science for an action sensitive pedagogy. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

Wilson, R. E. (2001). Parents' support of their other children after a miscarriage or perinatal death. Early Human Development, 61(1), 55-65.

Worden, J. W (1996). Children and grief: When a parent dies. New York: Guilford Press.

The Skin as a Psychic Organ: The Use of Infant Massage as a Psychotherapeutic Tool in Infant-Parent Psychotherapy

$10.00
Price: $10.00
Publication Date: 
December 2007

This paper explores the use of touch, particularly infant-massage in infant-parent psychotherapy and the ways in which clinicians can utilize this intervention to strengthen infant-parent attachment. Touch as a taboo in psychotherapy, and the paradigmatic shifts that are occurring to allow for a reconsideration of the value of touch in psychotherapy is considered. Theories on touch and development from a depth-oriented perspective are presented, including related concepts such as: psychic skin, skin ego, and Winnicott?s holding environment or handling.

References: 

Anzieu, (1989). The skin ego (C. Turner, Trans.). New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. (Original work published 1985)

Bass, A. (1992). Psychotic anxieties and containment: A personal account of an analysis with Winnicott by Margaret Little. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 2(1) 117-132.

Beebe, B., Jaffee, J., & Lachmann, F. (1994). A dyadic systems view of communication. In N. Skolnick & S. Warshaw (Eds.), Relational perspectives in psychoanalysis, (pp. 6181). Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press.

Bick, E. (1968). The experience of the skin in early object-relations. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 49, 484-486.

Bion, W. R. (1962). Attacks on linking. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 40, 308-315.

Bowlby, R. (2003, March 8-9). Attachment theory: An emotional journey. Conference Presentation at New Developments in Attachment Theory, Applications to Clinical Practice, UCLA.

Davison, S. (1994). Baby observation: Emotional relationships during the first year of life. Journal of Pscyho-Analysis, 75, 643.

Dworsky, P. (2001). Losing touch: The implications of the repression of physical expression in western psychotherapeutic practice. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpentaria, CA.

Feldman, B. (2004). A skin for the imaginai. Journal of Analytic Psychology, 49, 285-311.

Ferenczi, S. (1953). The theory and technique of psychoanalysis. New York: Basic Books.

Field, T., Scafidi, F., & Schanberg, S. (1987). Massage of preterm newborns to improve growth and development. Pédiatrie Nursing, 13, 385-387.

Field, T. (1995). Infant massage therapy. In T. M. Field (Ed.), Touch in early development (pp. 105-113). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Field, T. (2003). Touch research institute: Massage therapy studies. Retrieved on February 10, 2006 from www.miami.edu/touch-research/Massager.html

Freud, S. (1940). An outline of psychoanalysis. New York: W.W. Norton.

Fosshage, J. (1994). Toward reconceptualizing transference: Theoretical and clinical considerations. Journal of Psychoanalysis., 75, 265-280.

Fosshage, J. (2000). The meanings of touch in psychoanalysis: A time for reassessment. Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 20(1), 21-43.

Heart, J. (2003). Health visitor run baby massage classes: Investigating the effect. Health Visitor, 76 (4), 138-142.

Heffron, M. C. (2000). Clarifying concepts of infant mental health-promotion, relationship-based preventive intervention, and treatment. Infants and Young Children, 12(4), 14-21.

Heller, S. (1997). The vital touch: How intimate contact with your baby leads to happier, healthier development. New York: Henry Holt and Company.

Klein, M. (1930). The importance of symbolic formation in the development of the ego. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 31, 724-739.

Little, M. (1990). Psychotic anxieties and containment. Northvale, NJ: Aronson.

Maroda, K. J. (1999). Seduction, surrender, and transformation: Emotional engagement in the analytic process. Hillside, NJ: The Analytic Press.

Mitchell, S. (1988). Relational concepts in psychoanalysis. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Montagu, A. (1971). Touching: The human significance of the skin. New York: Columbia University Press.

Rachman, A. (1989). Confusion of tongues: The Ferenczian metaphor for childhood seduction and emotional trauma. Journal of American Academy of Psychoanalysis, 17, 181-295.

Stolorow, R., Brandchaft, B., & Atwood, G. (1987). Psychoanalytic treatment: An intersubjective approach. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press.

Szyndler, J., & Bell, G. (1992). Are groups for parents of children with sleep problems effective? Health Visitor, 65(8), 277-279.

Winnicott, D. W. (1954-1955). The depressive position in normal emotional development. In Through pediatrics to psycho-analysis: Collected papers (pp. 262-277). New York: Brunner/Mazel.

Winnicott, D. W. (1957). The baby as a going concern. In The child and the family. London: Tavistock.

Winnicott, D. W. (1965a). Ego integration in child development. In The maturational processes and the facilitating environment. London: Hogarth.

Winnicott, D. W. (1965b). The theory of the parent-infant relationship, In The maturational processes and the facilitating environment. London: Hogarth.

Winnicott, D. W. (1966). Psychosomatic illness in its positive and negative aspects. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 47, 510-15.

Winnicott , D. W. (1969). Physiotherapy and human relations. In C. Winnicott, R. Shepherd, & M. Davis, (Eds.), Psycho-analytic explorations (pp. 561-568). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Winnicott, D. W. (1986). The concept of a healthy individual, In C. Winnicott, R. Shepherd and M. Davis, (Eds.) Home is where we start from. London: Penguin.

Winnicott, D. W. (1989a). The importance of the setting in meeting regression in psychoanalysis. In Psycho-analytic explorations. London: Karnac Books.

Winnicott, D. W. (1989b). Psycho-somatic illness in its positive and negative aspects. In Psycho-analytic explorations. London: Karnac.

Supporting Babies' Wholeness in the 21st Century: An Integrated Model of Early Development

$10.00
Price: $10.00
Publication Date: 
March 2006

A holonomic holographic integrated model of early development is introduced reflecting clinical findings from prenatal and perinatal psychology as well as current western early development thought.

References: 

Chamberlain, D. (1999a). Reliability of birth memory: Observations from mother and child pairs in hypnosis. Journal of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Health, 14(1-2), 19-29. (Originally published in the Journal of the American Academy of Medical Hypnoanalysts, 1(2), 89-98, 1986).

Chamberlain, D. (1999b). The significance of birth memories. Journal of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Health, 14(1-2), 65-84.

Dossey, L. (1999). Reinventing medicine: Beyond mind-body to a new era of healing. New York: HarperSanFranciso.

Emerson, W.R. (1998a). Birth trauma: The psychological effects of obstetrical interventions. Journal of Prenatal & Perinatal Psychology & Health, 13(1), 11-44.

Emerson, W.R. (1998b). The vulnerable prenate. The International Journal of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Medicine, 10(1), 5-18. (Originally published in 1998, JOPPAH 10(3), 125-142.)

Emerson, W.R. (1999). Pre- and perinatal treatment of children and adults: Collected works II. (Available from Emerson Training Seminars, http://www.emersonbirthrx.com)

Emerson, W.R. (200Ia). Treating cesarean birth trauma during infancy and childhood. Journal of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology, 15(3), 177-192.

Emerson, W.R. (200Ib). Treatment of birth trauma in infants and children: Collected works 1. (Available from Emerson Training Seminars, http://www.emersonbirthrx.com)

Hunt, V.V. (1995). Infinite mind: The science of human vibration. Malibu, CA: Malibu Publishing Co.

Lipton, B. (2005). The biology of belief: Unleashing the power of consciousness, matter, and miracles. Santa Rosa, CA: Mountain of Love/Elite Books.

Marcer, P.J. & Schempp, W. (1997). Model of the neuron working by quantum holography. Informatica, 21, 519-534.

Marcer, P.J. & Schempp, W. (1998). The brain as a conscious system. International Journal of General Systems.

McCarty-Wong, W. (1986). Impact of role perception and gender on adjustment to parenthood. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Southern California, Los Angeles.

McCarty, W.A. (1996, 2005). Being with babies: What babies are teaching us, an introduction, 1. Santa Barbara, CA: Wondrous Beginnings Publishing.

McCarty, W.A. (1997, 2006). Being with babies: What babies are teaching us, supporting babies' innate wisdom, 2. Santa Barbara, CA: Wondrous Beginnings Publishing.

McCarty, W.A. (2002). The power of beliefs: What babies are teaching us. Journal of Prenatal & Perinatal Psychology & Health, 76(4), 341-360.

McCarty, W.A. (2004, 2005). Welcoming consciousness: Supporting babies' wholeness from the beginning of life-An integrated model of early development (ebook). Santa Barbara, CA: WB Publishing.

McCraty, R., Atkinson, M., & Bradley, R.T. (2004). Electrophysiological evidence of intuition: Part I. The surprising role of the heart. The Journal of Alternative and Complimentary Medicine, 10(1), 133-143.

McCraty, R., Atkinson, M., & Bradley, R.T. (2004). Electrophysiological evidence of intuition: Part 2. A system-wide process. The Journal of Alternative and Complimentary Medicine, 10(2), 325-336.

McTaggart, L. (2002). The field: The quest for the secret of the universe. New York: HarperCollins.

Mendizza, M. & Pearce, J.C. (2004). Magical parent, magical child: The art of joyful parenting. Berkeley, CA: North Atlantic Books.

Mitchell, E. Nature's mind: The quantum hologram. Retrieved November 22, 2003, from http://www.edmitchellapollol4.com/naturearticle.html

Odent, M. (1999). The scientification of love. London: Free Association Books.

Pearce, J.C. (2002). The Biology of transcendence: A blueprint of the human spirit. Rochester, VT: Park Street Press.

Radin, D. (1997), The conscious universe: The scientific truth of psychic phenomena. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco.

Schwartz, G. & Russek, L.G. (1999). The living energy universe. Charlottes ville, VA: Hamptom-Roads Publishing Co.

Somé, Sobonfu E. (1999). Welcoming spirit home: Ancient African teachings to celebrate children and community. Novato, CA: New World Library.

Talbot, M. (1992). The holographic universe. New York: Harper Perennial.

Wade, J. (1996). Changes of mind: A holonomic theory of the evolution of consciousness. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

Wade, J. (1998). Physically transcendent awareness: A comparison of the phenomenology of consciousness before birth and after death. Journal of Near-Death Studies. 76(4), 249-275.

Wilber, K. (1982) (Ed.). The holographic paradigm and other paradoxes: Exploring the leading edge of science. Boulder, CO: Shambala Publications.

Wilber, K. (1998). The marriage of sense and soul: Integrating science and religion. New York: Broadway Books.

Wilber, K. (2000). A theory of everything: An integral vision for business, politics, science and spirituality. Boston: Shambala Publications.

Wilber, K. (2000). Integral psychology: Consciousness, spirit, psychology, therapy. Boston: Shambala.

Wilson, T.D. (2002). Strangers to ourselves: Discovering the adaptive unconscious. Cambridge, Mass: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

Wong, W.M. (1979). Romanticism of parenthood, expectations of adjustment difficulties and gratification, and knowledge of infants as of components of adjustment to parenthood. Unpublished masters thesis, University of Kentucky, Lexington. (Former name of W.A. McCarty)

Wendy Anne McCarty, PhD, RN, Santa Barbara Graduate Institute

Wendy Anne McCarty, PhD, RN, Co-author, Founding Chair and Faculty, Prenatal and Perinatal Graduate Program, SBGI. Dr. McCarty presents and provides seminars in prenatal and perinatal psychology, Being with Babies, authentic family living, integrative PPN practice, and energy psychology. In her private practice, she works with professionals and families to bring these into their research, education, professional practice, agencies, and family living. Research for Welcoming Consciousness and the Integrated Model was supported through a grant from the New Earth Foundation. Extensive excerpts from Welcoming Consciousness have been incorporated with permission from the author and publisher. Contact information: Website: www.wondrousbeginnings.com. Email: wmccarty@west.net.

Investigation by Questionnaire Regarding Fetal/Infant Memory in the Womb and/or at Birth

$10.00
Price: $10.00
Publication Date: 
December 2005

The purpose of this study is to clarify the possession rate of fetal/infant memory in the womb and/or at birth and to validate its characteristic. A total of 1620 answered questionnaires of the 3601 distributed were returned, giving an overall recovery rate of 45.0%. The possession rates of womb and birth memory were 33.0% and 20.7%, respectively. Parents, too, responded with regard to their own memory from birth, and 1.1% appeared possessing such memory.

References: 

Chamberlain, D. (1988). Babies remember birth. New York: Ballantine Books.

Chamberlain, D. (1998). The mind of your newborn baby. Berkeley, CA: North Atlantic Books.

Gulpinar, M.A., & Yegen B.C. (2004, Dec). The physiology of learning and memory: role of peptides and stress. Current Protein and Peptide Science, 5(6), 457-473.

Heinrichs, M., Meinlschmidt G., Wippich W., Ehlert U., & Hellhammer D.H. (2004, Oct). Selective amnesic effect of oxytocin on human memory. Physiology and Behavior 30; 83(1), 31-8.

Verny, T., with Weintraub, P. (2002). Pre-parenting nurturing your child from conception. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Verny, T., with Kelly, J., (1981). The secret life of the unborn child. New York: Dell Publishing.

Akira Ikegawa, Administrative Director of Ikegawa Clinic

Send correspondence to Akira Ikegawa, MD, PhD, Administrative Director of Ikegawa Clinic. Address: 2-5-13 Daidou Kanazawa-Ku Yokohama Japan 236-0035. Email: aikegawa@seaple.icc.ne.jp