Asthma

Helping Asthmatic Children through Bonding Therapy

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Price: $10.00
Publication Date: 
January 2011

Disruptions in maternal-infant bonding are shown to be the mediating variable between maternal distress and the subsequent expression of childhood asthma. When bonding is repaired, it seems that children’s asthmatic symptoms diminish or remit. This study evaluated 16 asthmatic children before and after their mothers were treated with bonding therapy. Fourteen improved on 11 measures, including reduction in STEP classification system and medication use. Thirteen children were able to stop all medications. The links between bonding disruptions,

References: 

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Brown, G., Pennington, D., & Madrid, A. (1999). Maternal-infant bonding survey. Unpublished survey.

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Klinnert, M. D, Nelson, H. S., Price, M. R., Adinoff, A. D., Leung, D. Y., & Mrazek, D A. (2001, October). Onset and persistence of childhood asthma: Predictors from infancy. Pediatrics, 108(4), E69.

Kozyrskyj, A. L., Mai, X. M., McGrath, P, HayGlass, K. T, Becker, A. B., & MacNeil, B. (2008). Continued exposure to maternal distress in early life increases the risk of childhood asthma. American Journal of Respiratory Critical Care Medicine, 177, 142-147. doi:10.1164/rccm.200703-381OC

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Lara, M., Rosenbaum, S., Rachelefsky, G., Nicholas, W., Morton, S. C, Emont, S., . . . Weiss, K. B. (2002). Improving childhood asthma outcomes in the United States: A blueprint for policy action. Pediatrics, 109(5), 919-930.

Madrid, A. (2005/2006). Helping children with asthma by repairing maternal-infant bonding problems. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 48(2,3), 199-211.

Madrid, A., Ames, R., Horner, D., Brown, G., & Navarrette, L. (2004). Improving asthma symptoms in children by repairing the maternal-infant bond. Journal of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Health, 18(3), 221-231.

Madrid, A., Ames, R., Skolek, S., & Brown, G. (2000). Does maternal-infant bonding therapy improve breathing in asthmatic children? Journal of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Health, 15(2), 90-112.

Madrid, A., Skolek, S., & Shapiro, E (2006). Repairing failures in bonding through EMDR. Clinical Case Series, 5(4), 271-286.

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Improving Asthma Symptoms in Children by Repairing the Maternal-Infant Bond

$10.00
Price: $10.00
Publication Date: 
March 2004

The mothers of 15 asthmatic children were treated with a therapy that repaired the bonding between their children and them. Twelve children's asthma symptoms improved; of the 10 who were regularly taking medications, 8 no longer needed them. Improvement seemed dependent upon age, with children under 9 having the greatest benefit. All 7 Mexican-American children improved, using a Bilingual Bicultural counselor to treat the mothers.

References: 

Brown, G., Pennington, D., & Madrid, A. (1981). The maternal-infant bonding survey. Unpublished Manuscript.

Cheek, D., & LeCron, L. (1968) Clinical hypnotherapy. New York: Grune and Stratton.

Feinberg, Steven. (1988). Degree of maternal infant bonding and its relationship to pediatric asthma and family environments. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Professional School of Psychology, San Francisco.

Horwood, L., Fergesson, D., Hons, B., & Shannon, F. (1985). Social and familial factors in the development of early childhood asthma. Pediatrics, 75: 859-868.

Klaus, M., & Kennell, J. (1976). Maternal-Infant Bonding. St. Louis: Mosby

Klinnert, M., Nelson, H., Price, M., Adinoff, L., Leung, D., & Mrazek, D. (2001). Onset and persistence of childhood asthma: predictors from infancy. Pediatrics, 4, Vol. 108, No. 4., Oct. [On-line]. Available: http://www.pediatrics.org/cgi/content/full/108/4/e69

Madrid, A., Ames, R., Skolek, S., & Brown, G. (2000). Does maternal-infant bonding therapy improve breathing in asthmatic children? Journal of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Health, 15(2), 90-117.

Pennington, D. (1991). Events associated with maternal-infant bonding deficits and severity of pediatric asthma. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Professional School of Psychology, San Francisco.

Schwartz, M. P. (1988). Incidence of events associated with maternal-infant bonding disturbance in a pediatric population. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Rosebridge Graduate School, Walnut Creek.

Shapiro, F. (2001). Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing: Basic principles, protocols, and procedures. Second edition. New York: Guilford Press.

Weil, C., Wade, S., Bauman, L., Lynn, H., Mitchell, H., & Lavigne, J. (1999). The relationship between psychosocial factors and asthma morbidity in inner-city children with asthma. Pediatrics, 104: 1274-1280.

Antonio Madrid, Ph.D., Ralph Ames, Ph.D., Denise Horner, M.A., Gary Brown, M.A., and Luz Navarrette, M.A.

Antonio Madrid, Ph.D., Ralph Ames, Ph.D., Denise Horner, M.A., are therapists at the Russian River Counselors, Monte Rio, CA. Gary Brown, M.A., and Luz Navarette, M.A., are teachers at Santa Rosa Junior College, Santa Rosa, CA. Correspondence can be addressed to Antonio Madrid, Ph.D., P.O. Box 519, Monte Rio, CA 95462 or madrid@neteze.com.

This study was sponsored by grants from the Van Strum Foundation and the Sonoma County Children and Families Commission.

APPENDIX A

QUICK REFERENCE MIBS

Physical Separation

* Mother was separated from child at or after birth.

* Mother had a very difficult delivery.

* Child was sick at birth.

* Child was twin or triplet.

* Intensive Care Nursery or incubator.

* Mother was anesthetized at birth.

* Mother was very sick after the birth.

* Mother was separated from child in first month.

* Child was adopted.

* Other separation occurred.

Emotional Separation

* Mother had emotional problems during pregnancy.

* Mother had emotional problems after birth.

* Mother had a death in the family within two years of birth.

* Mother had a miscarriage within two years of birth.

* Mother and father were separated before birth or soon after.

* Mother was addicted to drugs or alcohol at birth.

* Mother moved before or soon after birth.

* Severe financial problems.

* Unwanted pregnancy.

* New romance in mother's life.

* Other event which could have interfered with bonding.