American Academy of Pediatrics. (2007). Circumcision: Information for parents. Retrieved July 30, 2008 from www.aap.org/publiced/BR_Circumcision.htm
American Academy of Pediatrics. (1999). Circumcision policy statement. Pediatrics, 103, 686-693.
Anand, K. J. S. (2008). Analgesia for skin-breaking procedures in newborns and children: What works best? Canadian Medical Association Journal, 179, 11-12.
Birth News (2000). Birth. 27, 220.
deMeo, J. (1989). The geography of genital mutilations. The Truth Seeker, July/August, 9-13. Also in Sexual mutilations: A human tragedy, Edited by George C. Denniston and Marilyn Fayre Milos, Plenum Press, 1996, 1-15.
Dunsmuir, W. D. & Gordon, E. M. (1999).The history of circumcision. British Journal of Urology, 83, 1-12.
Gardner, S. L. (1994). Pain and pain relief in the neonate. The American Journal of Maternal and Child Nursing, 19, 85-90.
Glick, L.B. (2005). Marked in Your Flesh: Circumcision from Ancient Judea to Modern America. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Gorman, C. (1999). Unkindest cut? Time Magazine, 153, 100.
Hodges, F.M. (1996). A Short History of the Institutionalization of Involuntary Sexual Mutilization in the United States. In Sexual mutilations: A human tragedy, Edited by George C. Denniston and Marilyn Fayre Milos, Plenum Press, 1996, 17-40.
Schoen (2007). Retrieved July 29, 2008 from www.medicirc.org/why_newborn.html
Scripien, G. M., Barnard, M. U., Chard, M. A., Howe, J., Phillips, P. J. (1979). Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
Seigel, D. J. (1999). The developing mind: How relationships and the brain interact to shape who we are. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Taylor, J. (2007). The forgotten foreskin and its ridged band (letter). Journal of Sexual Medicine 4 (5): 1516. doi:10.1111/j.1743-6109.2007.00588.x. PMID 17727357. http://pmid.us/17727357.
The Circumcision Reference Library (n.d.). United States Circumcision Incidence. Retrieved from http://www.cirp.org/library/statistics/USA/ on 12/4/10.
Zempsky, W.T., Cravero, J. P. (2004). Relief of pain and anxiety in pediatric patients in emergency medical systems. Pediatrics, 114, 1348-1356.