Prenatal Depression Risk Reduction & Education Program by Jill Chasse

Price: $10.00
Publication Date: 
Jun 2016

Prenatal depression is a serious issue often overlooked by both women and their healthcare providers. Depression during pregnancy not only causes sadness for the mother, it can also have significant developmental effects on the fetus, including altering of the baby’s brain structure leading to increased vulnerability for mood disorders in the child’s future. Additionally, depression during pregnancy may cause early delivery, increasing infant morbidity and mortality.

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Bennett, H., Einarson, A., Taddio, A., Koren, G., & Enarson, T. (2004). Prevalence of depression during pregnancy: Systematic review. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 103(4), 698-709.

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Gawley, L., Einarson, A., & Bowen, A. (2011). Stigma and attitudes towards antenatal depression and antidepressant use during pregnancy in healthcare students. Advances in Health Sciences Education, 16(5), 669-679.

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Krishnaswamy, A. (2004). Participatory research: Strategies and tools. Practitioner Newsletter of the National Network of Forest Practitioners, 22, 17-22.

Liu, L., Setse, R., Grogan, R. Powe, N., & Nicholson, W. (2013). The effect of depression symptoms and social support on black-white differences in health-related quality of life in early pregnancy: The health status in pregnancy (HIP) study. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth13, 125.

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Marcus, S., (2009) Depression during pregnancy: Rates, risks and consequences--Motherisk update 2008, Canadian Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 6(1), 15-22.

Margoluis, R., & Salafsky, N. (1998). Measures of success: Designing, managing and monitoring conservation and development projects. Washington, DC: Island Press.

Marshall, P. (2003). Public health research and practice in international settings: Special ethical concerns. Module 3. Case Western Reserve University. In Ethics and Public Health: Model Curriculum. Rockville, MD: Health Resources Service Administration.

Melville, J., Gavin, A., Guo, Y., Fan, M., & Katon, W. (2010). depressive disorders during pregnancy: Prevalence and risk factors in a large urban sample. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 116(5), 1064-1070.

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Muzik, M., & Borovska, S. (2010). Perinatal depression: Implications for child mental health. Mental Health in Family Medicine, 7(4), 239–247.

Nadeem, E., Lange, J., Edge, D., Fongwa, M., Belin, T., & Miranda, J. (2007). Does stigma keep poor young immigrant and U.S. born black and Latina women from seeking mental health care? Psychiatric Services, 58(12),1547-1554.

Pearlstein, T. (2008). Perinatal depression: Treatment options and dilemmas. Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, 33(4), 302–318.

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Rifkin-Graboi, A., Bai, J., Chen, H., Hameed, W.B., Sim, L.W., Tint, M.T., …, Qui, A. (2013). Prenatal maternal depression associates with microstructure of right amygdala in neonates at birth. Biological Psychiatry, 74(11), 837-844. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2013.06.019.

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This article introduces the “Prenatal Depression Risk Reduction and Education program,” a program designed to increase awareness of prenatal depression, help pregnancy healthcare providers understand the signs and provide a diagnosis and treatment options to reduce the risk of adverse effects. It is designed to be integrated easily into a prenatal care visit series.


The Significance of Pregnancy and Birth for Cultural Evolution by Ludwig Janus

Price: $10.00
Publication Date: 
Sep 2015

One of the important differences between Homo sapiens and the other primates is the condition of pregnancy and birth. Because of the upright walk and the larger brain size of Homo sapiens, the birth channel became too narrow to accommodate birth after a long pregnancy. The evolutionary solution was the shortening of human pregnancy from about 21 months to only nine months. The consequence of this was the so-called “physiological prematurity” of human newborns.


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      Janus L (Ed.), Die Psychologie der Mentalitätsentwicklung [The psychology of the development of mentalities] (pp. 111-172). Münster, Germany: LIT
Janus, L. (2013a). Grundlinien einer Tiefenpsychologie der Mentalitätsentwicklung [Baseline of the psychodynamic psychology of the development of the
      mentalities]. In L. Janus (Ed.), Die Psychologie der Mentalitätsentwicklung [The psychology of the development of the mentalities] (pp. 53-66). Münster,
     Germany: LIT Verlag.
Janus, L. (2013b). Überlegungen zum wissenschaftlichen Status der Psychodynamischen Psychologie [Reflections on the scientific status of psychodynamic
      psychotherapy]. Psychodynamische Psychotherapie, 12(2), 63-69.
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      European consciousness: From the mythical to the modern.]. In L. Janus (Ed.), Die Psychologie der Mentalitätsentwicklung [The psychology of the
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The far-reaching psychological implications of la condition humaine will be outlined in this contribution. Because of this “physiological prematurity,” human babies live simultaneously in the real, outside world, but also still experience the fetal emotional state as a dreamy “other world.” 

The Effects of Prenatal Yoga on Birth Outcomes: A Systematic Review of the Literature

Price: $10.00

Importance There are limited data to demonstrate the potential impact of prenatal yoga on birth outcomes such as maternal comfort, labor duration, and infant gestational age and weight.
Objective To examine the published evidence on prenatal yoga, identify the gaps in this field of study, and to explore avenues for further research.



Beddoe, A. E., Lee, K. A., Weiss, S. J., Kennedy, H. P., & Yang, C. P. (2010). Effects of mindful yoga on sleep in pregnant women: A pilot study. Biological Research for Nursing, 11(4), 363-370.
Beddoe, A. E., Yang, C. P., Kennedy, H. P., Weiss, S. J., & Lee, K. A. (2009). The effects of mindfulness-based yoga during pregnancy on maternal psychological and physical distress. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecological, & Neonatal Nursing, 38, 310-319.
Bijlani, R. L., Vempati, R. P., Yadav, R. K., Ray, R. B., Gupta, V., Sharma, R., . . . Mahapatra, S. C. (2005). A brief but comprehensive lifestyle education program based on yoga reduces risk factors for cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus. Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 11, 267-274.
Chung, S. C., Brooks, M. M., Rai, M., Balk, J. L., & Rai, S. (2012). Effects of sahaja yoga meditation on quality of life, anxiety, and blood pressure control. Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 18(6), 589-596.
Chuntharapat, S., Petpichetchian, W., & Hatthakit, U. (2008). Yoga during pregnancy: Effects on maternal comfort, labor pain, and birth outcomes. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 14, 105-115.
Collins, C. (1998). Yoga: Intuition, preventative medicine, and treatment. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecological, & Neonatal Nursing, 27, 563-568.
Curtis, K., Weinrib, A., & Katz, J. (2012). Systematic review of yoga for pregnant women: Current status and future directions. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2012 doi:10.1155/2012/715942
Doran, F., & Hornibrook, J. (2013). Women's experiences of participation in a pregnancy and postnatal group incorporating yoga and facilitated group discussion: A qualitative evaluation. Women and Birth, 26, 82-86.
Field, T., Diego, M., Hernandez-Reif, M., Medina, L., Delgado, J., & Hernandez, A. (2012). Yoga and massage therapy reduce prenatal depression and prematurity. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, 16, 204-209.
Field, T., Hernandez-Reif, M., Diego, M., Figueiredo, B., Schanberg, S., & Kuhn, C. (2006). Prenatal cortisol, prematurity, and low birth weight. Infant Behavior and Development, 29, 268-275.
Guarracino, J. L., Savino, S., & Edelstein, S. (2006). Yoga participation is beneficial to obesity prevention, hypertension control, and positive quality of life. Topics in Clinical Nutrition, 21(2), 108-113.
Javnbakht, M., Kenari, R. H., & Ghasemi, M. (2009). Effects of yoga on depression and anxiety of women. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 15, 102-104.
Kochanek, K. D., Kirmeyer, S. E., Martin, J. A., Strobino, D. M., & Guyer, B. (2012). Annual summary of vital statistics: 2009. Pediatrics, 129, 338-348.
Kristal, A. R., Littman, A. J., Benitez, D., & White, E. (2005). Yoga practice is associated with attenuated weight gain in healthy, middle-aged men and women. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 11(4), 28-33.
Kurki, T., Hiilesmaa, V., Raitasalo, R., Mattila, H., & Ylikorkala, O. (2000). Depression and anxiety in early pregnancy and risk for preeclampsia. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 95(4), 487-490.
Lee, K. A., & Gay, C. L. (2004). Sleep in late pregnancy predicts length of labor and type of delivery. American Journal of Obstetric and Gynecology, 191, 2041-2046.
Mancuso, R. A., Schetter, C. D., Rini, C. M., Roesch, S. C., & Hobel, C. J. (2004). Maternal prenatal anxiety and corticotropin-releasing hormone associated with timing of delivery. Psychosomatic Medicine, 66, 762-769.
Mulder, E. J. H., Robles de Medina, P. G., Huizink, A. C., Van den Bergh, B. R. H., Buitelaar, J. K., & Visser, G. H. A. (2002). Prenatal maternal stress: Effects on pregnancy and the (unborn) child. Early Human Development, 70, 3-14.
Muzik, M., Hamilton, S. E., Rosenblum, K. L., Waxler, E., & Hadi, Z. (2012). Mindfulness yoga during pregnancy for psychiatrically at-risk women: Preliminary results from a pilot feasibility study. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, , 1-6. doi:
Narendran, S., Nagarathna, R., Narendran, V., Gunasheela, S., & Nagendra, H. R. R. (2005). Efficacy of yoga on pregnancy outcome. Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 11(2), 237-244.
Rakhshani, A., Maharana, S., Raghuram, N., Nagendra, H. R., & Venkatram, P. (2010). Effects of integrated yoga on quality of life and interpersonal relationship of pregnant women. Quality of Life Research, 19, 1447-1445.
Rakhshani, A., Nagarathna, R., Mhaskar, R., Mhaskar, A., Thomas, A., Gunasheela, S. (2012).
The effects of yoga in prevention of pregnancy complications in high-risk pregnancies: A randomized controlled trial. Preventative Medicine. 55(4), 333-340.
Satyapriya, M., Nagendra, H. R., Nagarathna, R., & Padmalatha, V. (2009). Effect of integrated yoga on stress and heart rate variability in pregnant women. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 104, 218-222.
Saunders, T. A., Lobel, M., Veloso, C., & Meyer, B. A. (2006). Prenatal maternal stress is associated with delivery analgesia and unplanned cesareans. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynecology, 27(3), 141-146.
Smith, C., Hancock, H., Blake-Mortimer, J., & Eckert, K. (2007). A randomised comparative trial of yoga and relaxation to reduce stress and anxiety. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 15, 77-83.
Smith, J. A., Greer, T., Sheets, T., & Watson, S. (2011). Is there more to yoga than exercise? Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 17(3), 22-29.
Sun, Y., Hung, Y., Chang, Y., & Kuo, S. (2010). Effects of a prenatal yoga programme on the discomforts of pregnancy and maternal childbirth self-efficacy in Taiwan. Midwifery, 26, 31-36.
Vempati, R. P., & Telles, S. (2002). Yoga-based guided relaxation reduces sympathetic activity judged from baseline levels. Psychological Reports, 90, 487-494.
Vieten, C., & Astin, J. (2008). Effects of a mindfulness-based intervention during pregnancy on prenatal stress and mood; results of a pilot study. Archives of Women's Mental Health, 11, 67-74.
Weinstock, M. (2005). The potential influence of maternal stress hormones on development and mental health of the offspring. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 19, 296-308.
Yang, C. C. H., Chao, T. C., Kuo, T. B. J., Yin, C. S., & Chen, H. I. (2000). Preeclamptic pregnancy is associated with increased sympathetic and decreased parasympathetic control of HR. American Journal of Physiology: Heart and Circulatory Physiology, 278, 1269-1273.

Prenatal Exposure to Synthetic Oxytocin: Risk to Neurodevelopment?

Price: $10.00
Publication Date: 
Oct 2012

The neurodevelopmental risks of prenatal exposure to synthetic Oxytocin (OXT) during childbirth are relatively unexplored; however, it seems plausible that lifelong consequences could occur. This article expounds upon a pilot study (Kurth & Haussmann, 2011) that posited an association between prenatal OXT exposure and childhood onset of ADHD, suggesting neurodevelopmental disorders may be a consequence of this exposure. Study results, conclusions, and speculative impressions are discussed1.

Thinking the Unthought

Price: $10.00
Publication Date: 
Jul 2012

Some psychoanalytic researches are reviewed here to give an overview of how ideas on prenatal life and psychoanalytic ideas on ego-formation got tentatively together during the last century and the first years of the new century. There is a large bow to Ferenczi who published his long paper Thalassa in 1924 after about ten years of thoughts on it that were shared by Maiello, Hidas and Raffai, and Wilheim. Certainly this bow is incomplete. However, we can see how prenatal life becomes more relevant in psychoanalytic research, too.


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Maiello, S. (2003) Die Bedeutung pränataler auditiver Wahrnehmung und Erinnrerung für die psychische Entwicklung.- eine psychoanalytische Pespektive (The importance of prenatal auditory perception for mental development: A psychoanalytic perspective). In Nöcker-Ribaupierre, M. (Ed), Hören – Brücke ins Leben (Listen – bridge to life). Gottengen: Van den Hoeck & Ruprecht.
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Pregnancy as a Feminine Initiation

Price: $10.00
Publication Date: 
Jul 2012
Pregnancy as a feminine initiation becomes conscious to a woman when she engages with her pregnant imagination through dreams, art, emotions, and somatic changes. If the woman acknowledges her emotional and psychological reactions arising from core archetypal patterns, a “conscious pregnancy” occurs. Three stages of the initiation are outlined: Gateway, Attending, and Passage. Focusing on the Attending stage, three key psychological components are explored: shadow, syzygy, and simultaneity. Viewing the prenatal psyche through C.G.

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Swan-Foster, N. (2010). Pregnancy as a feminine initiation. Unpublished thesis for the Inter-Regional Society of Jungian Analysts.
Swan-Foster, N., Foster, S., & Dorsey, A. (2003). The use of the human figure drawing with pregnant women. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology. 21(4), 293-307.
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The Pre & Perinatal Origins of Childhood and Adult Diseases and Personality Disorders

Price: $10.00
Publication Date: 
Mar 2012

This paper will explore the effects on the unborn and newborn child of psychological stress, depression, and other relevant maternal factors in the pre and perinatal period. Particular attention will be paid to the effects of stress on the organization and function of the fetal brain, on neurohormones, the immune system, personality evolution, as well as on the development of many childhood and adult diseases.


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Is Maternal Personality and Coping Style Related to Breech Presentation? Evaluating the Chinese Medicine and Ayurvedic Models of Risk Factors for Breech Presentation

Price: $10.00
Related Content:: 
Publication Date: 
May 2011

We investigated maternal personality characteristics and coping style as potential risk factors for breech presentation in this case-control study. Mothers of cephalic presentation babies (n=72) and mothers of breech presentation babies (n=42) participated in a socio-demographic survey, the State Trait Personality Inventory (STPI), and an in-depth interview. In-depth interview results suggested mothers of breech presentation were more likely to be idealistic, analytical, overextended, and fearful; also less likely to be flexible.


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Overcoming Somatic and Psychological Difficulties: New Experiences from an Integrated Linkage of Obstetrics and Psychotherapy

Price: $10.00
Publication Date: 
May 2010

In recent years it has been shown that an integrated linkage of gynecology, obstetrics, and psychotherapy resulted in an astoundingly low rate of premature births among the pregnant women cared for. Many physical problems in pregnancy should be regarded within the entirety of physical and emotional processes.


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Mary the Dawn: Ancient European Symbols of Fertility and Pregnancy for Pedagogical Purposes

Price: $10.00
Publication Date: 
Dec 2009
In this paper, I will trace Ancient European Symbols of Pregnancy and Fertility from pre-history to early Christian times. Whether ancient female images represented goddesses or not, is not under discussion here. I will explore the possibility that symbols of pregnancy and fertility take on a purpose beyond self-expression, art, or worship and suggest the plausibility of pedagogical purposes in a pre-literate world. By including symbols, I also hope to show how some the roots of our modern alphabet go back to pre-history, and speak of the sacred sciences of birth.

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