Gestation

Life: How Experience in the Womb Can Affect Our Lives Forever

$10.00
Price: $10.00
Publication Date: 
March 2009

ABSTRACT:?Until we re-direct our focus earlier, we shall never solve these human problems.? Dr. Arthur Janov explains this position in his article and describes how the psychophysiological effects of events that occur during the first nine months influence the lifespan. Clearly focusing on the womb is a shift in his Primal theory. This change proposes the importance of healing prenatal imprints to more clearly see their widespread cumulative and enduring effects. ?It means that how the birth trauma is played out, and reacted to, depends on earlier life circumstances?womb-life.?

References: 

Addis, D. R., & Schacter, D. L. (2008). Constructive episodic simulation: Temporal distance and detail of past and future events modulate hippocampal engagement. Hippocampus, 18, 227-237.

Anand, K J. S. & Scalzo, F. M. (2000). Can adverse neonatal experiences alter brain development and subsequent behavior? Biology of the Neonate, 77(2), 69-82.

Barr, C. S., Newman, T. K., Becker, M. L., Champoux, M., Lesch, K P, Suomi, S. J., Goldman, D., & Higley, J. D. (2003). Serotonin transporter gene variation is associated with alcohol sensitivity in rhesus macaques exposed to early-life stress. Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research, 27(5), 812-7.

Briley, M. S., Raisman, R., & Langer, S. Z. (1979). Human platelets posses high-affinity binding sites for 3H-imipramine. European Journal Pharmacology, 58(3), 347-348.

Bygdeman, M. & Jacobson, B. (1998). Obstetric care and proneness of offspring to suicide as adults: Case control study. British Medical Journal, 327(7169), 1346-9.

Cannon, T. D, Yolken, R, Buka, S., & Torrey, E. F. (2008). Decreased neurotrophic response to birth hypoxia in the etiology of schizophrenia. Biological Psychiatry, 64(9), 797-802.

Canoy, D., Pouta, A., Ruokonen, A., Hartikainen, A. L., Saikku, P, & Jarvelin, M. R. (2009). Weight at birth and infancy in relation to adult leukocyte count: a population-based study of 5619 men and women followed from the fetal period to adulthood. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. Retrieved March 2009 from: http://jcem.endojournals.org/

Cirulli, F., Bonsignore, L. T., Venerosi, A., Valanzano, A., Chiarotti, R, & Alleva, E. (2003). Long-term effects of acute perinatal asphyxia on rat maternal behavior. Neurotoxicology and Teratology, 25(5), 571-578.

Côté, F., Fligny , C, Bayard, E., Launay, J. M., Gershon, M. D., Mallet, J., & Vodjdani, G. (2007). Maternal serotonin is crucial for murine embryonic development. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104(1), 329-34.

Diego, M., Field, T., Hernandez-Reif, M., Schanberg, S., Kuhn, C, González-Quintero, V. H., (2009). Prenatal depression restricts fetal growth. Early Human Development, 85(1), 65-70.

Fendt, M., Lex, A., Falkai, P, Henn, FA., & Schmitt, A. (2008). Behavioural alterations in rats following neonatal hypoxia and effects of clozapine: implications for schizophrenia. Pharmacopsychiatry, 41(4) 138-45.

Field, T. (2001). Targeting adolescent mothers with depressive symptoms for early intervention. Sage Family Studies Abstracts, 23(3), 275-407.

Field, T., Diego, M., Hernandez-Reif, M. & Fernandez, M. (2007). Depressed mothers' newborns show less dismmination of other newborns' cry sounds. Infant Behavior and Development, 30(3), 431-435.

Field, T., Diego, M., Dietera, J., Hernandez-Reifa, M., Schanbergb, S., Kuhnb, C, Yandoc, R. & Bendelld, D. (2004). Prenatal depression effects on the fetus and the newborn. Infant Behavior and Development, 27(2), 216-229.

Huttunen, M. O. & Niskanen, P (1978). Prenatal loss of father and psychiatric disorders. Archives of General Psychiatry, 35(4), 429-31.

Hoffman, E. & Goldstein, L. (1981). Hemispheric quantitative EEG changes following emotional reactions in neurotic patients. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 63(2), 153-64.

Huot, R. L., Brennan, P A., Stowe, Z. N, Plotsky, P M., & Walker, E. F (2004). Negative affect in offspring of depressed mothers is predicted by infant Cortisol levels at 6 months and maternal depression during pregnancy, but not postpartum. N.Y. Academy of Science, 1032, 234-236.

Jacobson, B. & Bygdeman, M. (1998). Obstetric care and proneness of offspring to suicide as adults: Case-control study. BMJ, 317, 1346-49.

JAMA and Archives Journals (2008, February 5). Severe stressful events early in pregnancy may be associated with schizophrenia among offspring. ScienceDaily . Retrieved January 22, 2009, from http://www.sciencedaily.com /releases/2008/02/080204161433.htm

Kaplan, L., Evans, L., & Monk, C. (2008). Effects of mother's prenatal psychiatric status and postnatal caregiving on infant biobehavioral regulation. Early Human Development, 84(4), 249-256.

Lowery, C. L., Hardman, M., Manning, N, Hall, R., & Anand, K. (2007). Neurodevelopmental changes of fetal pain. Seminars in Perinatology, 31(5), 275-282.

Lynch, G., Rex, C. S., Chen, L. Y., & Gall, C. M. (2008). The substrates of memory: Defects, treatments and enhancement. European Journal of Pharmacology, 585, 2-13.

Mill, J., Tang, T, Kaminsky, Z., Khare, T, Yazdanpanah, S., Bouchard, L. et al, (2008). Epigenomic profiling reveals DNA-methylation changes associated with major psychosis. American Journal of Human Genetics, 82(3), 696-711.

Nyberg, K., Buka, S. L., & Lipsitt, L. P. (2000). Perinatal medication as a potential risk factor for adult drug abuse in a North American cohort. Epidemiology, 11(6), 715-716.

Phillips, D. I. W., & Jones, A. (2006). Fetal programming of autonomic and HPA function: do people who were small babies have enhanced stress responses? Journal of Physiology, 572(1), 45-50.

Ponirakis, A., Susman, E.J., & Stifer, CA. (1998). Negative emotionality and Cortisol during adolescent pregnancy and its effects on infant health and autonomic nervous system reactivity. Developmental Psychobiology, 33, 163-174.

Ranalli, P (2000). The emerging reality of fetal pain in late abortion. National Right to Life News, 27(9). www.nrlc.org

Singer, D. (2004). Metabolic adaptation to hypoxia: Cost and benefit of being small. Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology, 141(3), 215-228.

Singer, D. (1999). Neonatal tolerance to hypoxia: a comparative-physiological approach. Comparative Biochemistry And Physiology. Part A, Molecular and Integrative Physiology, 123(3), 221-34.

Scripps Research Institute (2007, September 6). Specific neurons involved in memory formation identified. ScienceDaily. Retrieved 1/20/2009.

Seckl, J. R & Meaney, M. J. (2006). Glucocorticoid "programming" and PTSD risk. Annals of the NY. Academy of Science, 1071, 351-378.

Thompson, P (2007). "Down will come baby": Prenatal stress, primitive defenses and gestational dysregulation. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation, 8(3), 99-113.

University of Pennsylvania (2005, December 25). Researchers know what you were about to say; fMRI used to detect memory storage. Science Daily. Retrieved 1/18/2009.