Prenatal Attachment

Maternity Social Support

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Price: $10.00
Publication Date: 
March 2010
Most literature suggests the importance of social support during the pregnancy. This research utilized the Spearman's rho coefficient, which was calculated between the Maternity Social Support Scale (MSSS) score and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) score, as well as Prenatal Attachment Inventory (PAI) score. The results confirm that during the pregnancy a high social support level is associated with a low depression level and a high social support level is associated with a high prenatal attachment level.
References: 

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Cranley, M. S. (1981). Development of a tool for the measurement of maternal attachment during pregnancy. Nursing research, 30(5), 281-284.

Cranley, M. S. (1984). Social support as a factor in the development of parents' attachment to their unborn. Birth Defects: Original Article Series, 30, 99-124.

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Dabrassi, F., Imbasciati, A., & Della Vedova, A. M. (2009). Il supporto sociale in gravidanza: validazione e valutazione dello strumento. Giornale di psicologia, 3(2), 141-151.

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Della Vedova A. M., Dabrassi F., Ducceschi, B., Cena, L., Lojacono, A., Vitali, E., De Franceschi, L., Guana, M., Bianchi, U. A., & Imbasciati A. (2007). L'approccio multidisciplinare alla nascita. Nascere, 100, 13-16.

Della Vedova, A. M., Dabrassi, F., & Imbasciati, A. (2008). Assessing prenatal attachment in an Italian women sample. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 26(2), 86-98.

Elsenbruch, S., Benson, S., Rücke, M., Rose, M., Dudenhausen, J., Pincus-Knackstedt, M.K., Klapp, B.F., & Arck P.C. (2006). Social support during pregnancy: effects on maternal depressive symptoms, smoking and pregnancy outcome. Human Reproduction, 22(3), 869-877.

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Han, K. E. (2002). The Relationship of Maternal Self-esteem and Maternal Sensitivity with Mother-Infant Attachment. Seoul: Unpublished Master's Thesis, Hanyang University.

Imbasciati, A., Dabrassi, F., & Cena, L. (Eds.) (2007). Psicologia clinica perinatale. Vademecum per tutti gli addetti alla nascita (genitori inclusi). Padova: Piccin.

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Mercer, R. T., & Ferketich, L. S. (1990). Predictors of parental attachment during early parenthood. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 15, 268-280.

Mosack, V., & Schore, E. R. (2006). Screening for depression among pregnant and postpartum women. Journal of Community Health Nursing, 23(1), 37-47.

Müller, M. E. (1993). Development of the Prenatal Attachment Inventory. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 15(2), 199-215.

Müller, M. E. (1996). Prenatal and postnatal attachment: A modest correlation. Journal of Obstetric, Gynaecologic and Neonatal Nursing, 25, 161-166.

Norbeck, J. S., DeJoseph, J. F., & Smith, R. T. (1996). A randomized trial of an empirically derived social support intervention to prevent low birthweight among African American women. Social Science Medicine, 43, 947-954.

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Raynor, M. (2006). Pregnancy and Puerperium: the social and psychological context. Psychiatry, 5, 1-4.

Salisbury, A., Law, K., LaGasse, L., & Lester, B. (2003). Maternal-fetal attachment. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 289(13), 1701.

Shin, H., Park, Y.J., & Kim M. J. (2006). Predictors of maternal sensitivity during the early postpartum period. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 55(4), 425-434.

Siddiqui, A., & Hagglof, B. (2000). Does maternal prenatal attachment predict postnatal mother-infant interaction? Early Human Development, 59(1), 13-25.

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Webster, J., Linnane, J. W. J., Dibley, L. M., Hinson, J. K., Starrenburg, S. E., & Roberts, J. A. (2000). Measuring Social Support in Pregnancy: can it be simple and meaningful? Birth, 27(2), 97-101.

Wilson, L. M., Reid, A. J., Midmer, D. K., Biringer, A., Carroll, J. C., & Stewart, D. E. (1996). Antenatal psychosocial risk factors associated with adverse postpartum family outcomes. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 154, 785-799.

Wilson, M. E., White, M. A., Cobb, B., Curry, R., Greene, D., & Popovich, D. (2000). Family dynamics, parental-fetal attachment and infant temperament. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 31, 204-210

A History of the Theory of Prenatal Attachment

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Price: $10.00
Publication Date: 
May 2009
John Bowlby?s theory of human attachment has become widely applied across disciplines and across the stages of human development. This discussion explores the evolution of an application of Bowlby?s theory to the experience of pregnancy, from both maternal and paternal perspectives.
References: 

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Beck, C. T. (1999). Available instruments for research on prenatal attachment and adaptation to pregnancy. MCN, American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing, 24(1), 25-32.

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Benedek, T. (1958). Psychological aspects of pregnancy and parent-child relationships, in S. Liebman (Ed.), Emotional Problems in Childhood (pp. 1-16). Oxford, England: Iippincott.

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Condon, J. T., & Corkindale, C. (1997). The correlates of antenatal attachment in pregnant women. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 70, 359-372.

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Cranley, M. S. (1981a). Development of a tool for the measurement of maternal attachment during pregnancy. Nursing Research, 30, 281-284.

Cranley, M. S. (1981b). Roots of attachment: The relationship of parents with their unborn. Birth Defects: Original Article Series, 17(6), 59-83.

Cranley, M. S. (1992). A critical review of prenatal attachment research. Scholarly Inquiry for Nursing Practice, 6(1), 23-26.

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Fuller, J. R. (1990b). Early patterns of maternal attachment. Health Care for Women International, 11(4), 433-446.

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Lerum, C. W, & LoBiondo-Wood, G (1989). The relationship of maternal age, quickening, and physical symptoms of pregnancy to the development of maternal -fetal attachment. Birth, 16(1), 13-17.

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Mercer, R T., Ferketich, S., May, K, DeJoseph, J., & Sollid, D. (1988). Further exploration of maternal and paternal fetal attachment. Research in Nursing & Health, 11(4), 269-278.

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Müller, M. E. (1990). The development and testing of the Müller Prenatal Attachment Inventory. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, 50(8-B), pp. 3404.

Müller, M. E. (1992). A critical review of prenatal attachment research. Scholarly Inquiry for Nursing Practice, fí(l), 5-22.

Müller, M. E. (1993). Development of the prenatal attachment inventory. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 75(2), 199-215.

Müller, M. E. (1996). Prenatal and postnatal attachment: a modest correlation. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 25(2), 161-166.

Müller, M. E., & Ferketich, S. (1992). Assessing the validity of the dimensions of prenatal attachment. Maternal-Child Nursing Journal, 20(1), 1-10.

Müller, M. E., & Ferketich, S. (1993). Factor analysis of the Maternal Fetal Attachment Scale. Nursing Research, 42(3), 144-147.

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Priel, B., & Besser, A. (2000). Adult attachment styles, early relationships, antenatal attachment, and perceptions of infant temperament: A study of first-time mothers. Personal Relationships, 7(3), 291-310.

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Siddiqui, A., Eisemann, M., & Hagglof, B. (2000). The stability of maternal interpretation of infant's facial expressions during pre- and postnatal period and its relation to prenatal attachment. Early Child Development and Care, 162, 41-50.

Siddiqui, A., & Hagglof, B. (2000). Does maternal prenatal attachment predict postnatal mother- infant interaction? Early Human Development, 59(1), 13-25.

Siddiqui, A., HaggloÇ B., & Eisemann, M. (1999). An exploration of prenatal attachment in Swedish expectant women. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 17(4), 369-380.

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White, M. A., Wilson, M. E., Elander, G, & Persson, B. (1999). The Swedish family: Transition to parenthood. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 13, 171-176.

Wilson, M. E., White, M. A., Cobb, B., Curry, R., Green, D, & Popovich, D (2000). Family dynamics, parental-fetal attachment and infant temperament. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 31(1), 204-210.

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Prenatal Attachment and Postnatal Infant Sleep

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Price: $10.00
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Publication Date: 
October 2008

This study examined the relationship between maternal prenatal attachment and postnatal infant sleep. Ninety first-time pregnant mothers, between 35 and 40 gestational weeks, completed the Prenatal Attachment Inventory (M?ller, 1989), which consists of 21 items and assesses the mother?s prenatal attachment to her fetus. After the birth of their infant, the mothers charted their infant?s sleep for three consecutive 24-hour periods when the infant was 1 week and 3 months old, using the Sleep/Activity Record (Barnard, 1999).

References: 

Anders, T. F. (1994). Infant sleep, nighttime relationships, and attachment. Psychiatry, 57, 11-21.

Anders, T. F., Goodlin-Jones, B. L., & Sadeh, A. (2000). Sleep disorders. In C. H. Zeanah (Ed.), Handbook of Infant Mental Health (2nd ed., pp. 326-338). New York: Guilford Press.

Anders, T. F., Halpern, L. F., & Hua, J. (1992). Sleeping through the night: A develpmental perspective. Pediatrics, 90(4), 554-560.

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