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What Cells Remember: Toward A Unified Field Theory Of Memory

Abstract: The accepted neurological dictum is that memory resides in the cortical neurons of the brain. Evidence from studies on genetics, epigenetics, organ transplants, immunology, unicellular organisms, planarian flat worms, nano computers and clinical psychology is cited here in support of the hypothesis that memory can also be stored in all the cells of the body, not just nerve cells. The relevance of this theory to pre- and perinatal psychology is explored.

References: 

References
 
Ball, P. (2008). Cellular memory hints at the origins of intelligence. Nature451, p. 385.
Bianconi, E., Piovesan, A., Facchin, F., Beraudi, A., Casadei, R., Frabetti, F., . . . &
          Canaider, S. (2013). An estimation of the number of cells in the human body.  Annals of Human Biology, 40(6), 471.
Bygren, L.O., Tinghog, P., Carstensen, J., Edvinsson, S., Kaati, G., Pembrey, M., & Sjöström, M. (2014). Change in paternal grandmothers’ early food supply influenced cardiovascular mortality of the female grandchildren. BMC Genetics, 15(12).
Cornell, B.A., Braach-Maksvytis, V., King, L., Osman, P., Raguse, B., Wieczorek, L. & Pace R. (1997). A biosensor that uses ion-channel switches. Nature387, 580-583.
Farr, G. (2002, May 31). The human cell. Retrieved from www.becomehealthynow.com/
          mira2_front/printpage.php?id=709
Gaidos, S. (2013). Memories lost and found: Drugs that help mice remember  reveal role for epigenetics in recall. Science News. 184(2), 24-28.
De Giorgio, L. (2012, March 28). Can a heart transplant change your personality? The Toronto Star. Retrieved from: http://www.thestar.com/news/world/2012/03/28/
          can_a_heart_transplant_change_your_personality.html
Gräff, J. & Tsai, L. H. (2013). Histone acetylation: molecular mnemonics on the chromatin. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 14(2), 97-111.
Guan, Q., Haroon, S., Bravo, D.G., Will, J.L. & Gasch, A.P. (2012). Cellular memory of acquired stress resistance in saccharomyces cerevisiae. Genetics192(2), 495-505.
Kandel, E.R. (2001). The molecular biology of memory storage: A dialog between genes and synapses. Bioscience Reports, 21(5), 565-611.
Laing, R. D. (1976). The facts of life. London: Penguin.
Lipton, B. H. (2001). Insight into cellular consciousness. Bridges12(1), 5.
Lipton, B. H. (2005). The biology of belief: Unleashing the power of consciousness, matter and miracles. Santa Rosa, CA: Elite Books.
Mirsky, S. (2006, May 24). In search of memory: An interview with Nobel Laureate Eric  Kandel. Scientific American. Retrieved from http://science.howstuffworks.com/
          dictionary/famous-scientists/biologists/eric-richard-kandel-info.htm               
Narain, J. (2008, March 15). My personality changed after my kidney transplant - and I  started to read Jane Austen and Dostoevsky instead of celebrity trash. Retrieved from http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-533830/My-personality-changed-kidney-transplant--I-started-read-Jane-Austen-Dostoevsky-instead-celebrity-trash.html#ixzz2rpRVHzJl
Nobel Media. (2000). Physiology or Medicine for 2000 - Press Release. Retrieved August 28, 2014 from http://Nobelprize.org
Pearsall, P., Schwartz, G. E., Russek, L. G. (2002). Changes in heart transplant recipients that parallel the personalities of their donors. Journal of Near Death Studies, 20(3), 191-206.
Pert, C. B. (1997). Molecules of emotion: Why you feel the way you feel. New York: Schribner.          
Pray, L. (2004). Epigentics: Genome meet your environment. The Scientist, 18(13), 14-20.
Raymond, S. (1988). Cellular consciousness and conception: An interview with Graham Farrant. Pre and Perinatal Psychology News, 2(2), 4-7 & 20-22.
Redorbit.com. (2010, December 14). Scientists create world's smallest microchip. Retrieved from: http://www.redorbit.com/news/technology/           
          1966110scientists_create_worlds_smallest_microchip/
Reid, C. R., Latty, T., Dussutour, A., & Beekman, M. (2012). Slime mold uses an externalized spatial “memory” to navigate in complex environments. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109(43), 17490-17494.
Reik, W. & Walter, J. (2001). Genomic imprinting: parental influence on the genome. Nature Reviews Genetics 2(1), 21-32.
Saigusa, T., Tero, A., Nakagaki, T., & Kuramoto, Y. (2008). Amoebae anticipate periodic   events.  Physical Review Letters, 100(018101).
Sarnat, H. B. & Netsky, M. G. (1985). The brain of the planarian as the ancestor of the  human brain. The Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. Le Journal   
          Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques, 12(4), 296-302
Shomrat, T. & Levin (2013). An automated training paradigm reveals long-term memory in  planaria and its persistence through head regeneration. Journal of Experimental  Biology, 216(20), 3799-3810.
Squire, L. R. (2004). Memory systems of the brain: A brief history and current perspective.  Neurobiology of Learning and Memory 82(3), 171-177.
Silverman, P. (2004, May 24). Rethinking genetic determinism: With only 30,000 genes  what is it that makes humans human? The Scientist18(10), 32-33. Retrieved from:
          http://www.the-scientist.com/?articles.view/articleNo/15678/title/Rethin...
Surani, M. A. (2001). Reprogramming of genome function through epigenetic inheritance. Nature414(6859), 122-128.
Templeton, G. (2013, May 15). Smart dust: A complete computer thats smaller than a grain of sand. Retrieved from: http://www.extremetech.com/extreme/155771-smart-dust-a-complete-computer...
Thurler, K. (2013, July 18). Flatworms lose their heads but not their memories. Retrieved  from: http://now.tufts.edu/news-releases/flatworms-lose-their-heads-not-their-          
          memories
Verny, T. R. & Kelly, J. (1981). The secret life of the unborn child: How you can prepare your baby for a happy, healthy life. New York: Summit Books.
Verny, T. R. (1987). Pre- and perinatal psychology: An Introduction. New York: Human Sciences Press.
Verny, T. R. & Weintraub, P. (1991). Nurturing the unborn child: A nine month program for soothing, stimulating, and communicating with your baby. New York: Delacorte Press.
Verny, T. R. & Weintraub, P. (2002). Tomorrow's baby: The Art and Science of Parenting from Conception Through Infancy. New York: Simon & Schuster.

What Cells Remember: Toward A Unified Field Theory Of Memory

$10.00
Price: $10.00
Publication Date: 
October 2014

Abstract: The accepted neurological dictum is that memory resides in the cortical neurons of the brain. Evidence from studies on genetics, epigenetics, organ transplants, immunology, unicellular organisms, planarian flat worms, nano computers and clinical psychology is cited here in support of the hypothesis that memory can also be stored in all the cells of the body, not just nerve cells. The relevance of this theory to pre- and perinatal psychology is explored.

References: 

References
 
Ball, P. (2008). Cellular memory hints at the origins of intelligence. Nature, 451, p. 385.
Bianconi, E., Piovesan, A., Facchin, F., Beraudi, A., Casadei, R., Frabetti, F., . . . &
          Canaider, S. (2013). An estimation of the number of cells in the human body.  Annals of Human Biology, 40(6), 471.
Bygren, L.O., Tinghog, P., Carstensen, J., Edvinsson, S., Kaati, G., Pembrey, M., & Sjöström, M. (2014). Change in paternal grandmothers’ early food supply influenced cardiovascular mortality of the female grandchildren. BMC Genetics, 15(12).
Cornell, B.A., Braach-Maksvytis, V., King, L., Osman, P., Raguse, B., Wieczorek, L. & Pace R. (1997). A biosensor that uses ion-channel switches. Nature, 387, 580-583.
Farr, G. (2002, May 31). The human cell. Retrieved from www.becomehealthynow.com/
          mira2_front/printpage.php?id=709
Gaidos, S. (2013). Memories lost and found: Drugs that help mice remember  reveal role for epigenetics in recall. Science News. 184(2), 24-28.
De Giorgio, L. (2012, March 28). Can a heart transplant change your personality? The Toronto Star. Retrieved from: http://www.thestar.com/news/world/2012/03/28/
          can_a_heart_transplant_change_your_personality.html
Gräff, J. & Tsai, L. H. (2013). Histone acetylation: molecular mnemonics on the chromatin. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 14(2), 97-111.
Guan, Q., Haroon, S., Bravo, D.G., Will, J.L. & Gasch, A.P. (2012). Cellular memory of acquired stress resistance in saccharomyces cerevisiae. Genetics, 192(2), 495-505.
Kandel, E.R. (2001). The molecular biology of memory storage: A dialog between genes and synapses. Bioscience Reports, 21(5), 565-611.
Laing, R. D. (1976). The facts of life. London: Penguin.
Lipton, B. H. (2001). Insight into cellular consciousness. Bridges, 12(1), 5.
Lipton, B. H. (2005). The biology of belief: Unleashing the power of consciousness, matter and miracles. Santa Rosa, CA: Elite Books.
Mirsky, S. (2006, May 24). In search of memory: An interview with Nobel Laureate Eric  Kandel. Scientific American. Retrieved from http://science.howstuffworks.com/
          dictionary/famous-scientists/biologists/eric-richard-kandel-info.htm               
Narain, J. (2008, March 15). My personality changed after my kidney transplant - and I  started to read Jane Austen and Dostoevsky instead of celebrity trash. Retrieved from http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-533830/My-personality-changed-kidney-transplant--I-started-read-Jane-Austen-Dostoevsky-instead-celebrity-trash.html#ixzz2rpRVHzJl
Nobel Media. (2000). Physiology or Medicine for 2000 - Press Release. Retrieved August 28, 2014 from http://Nobelprize.org
Pearsall, P., Schwartz, G. E., Russek, L. G. (2002). Changes in heart transplant recipients that parallel the personalities of their donors. Journal of Near Death Studies, 20(3), 191-206.
Pert, C. B. (1997). Molecules of emotion: Why you feel the way you feel. New York: Schribner.          
Pray, L. (2004). Epigentics: Genome meet your environment. The Scientist, 18(13), 14-20.
Raymond, S. (1988). Cellular consciousness and conception: An interview with Graham Farrant. Pre and Perinatal Psychology News, 2(2), 4-7 & 20-22.
Redorbit.com. (2010, December 14). Scientists create world's smallest microchip. Retrieved from: http://www.redorbit.com/news/technology/           
          1966110scientists_create_worlds_smallest_microchip/
Reid, C. R., Latty, T., Dussutour, A., & Beekman, M. (2012). Slime mold uses an externalized spatial “memory” to navigate in complex environments. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109(43), 17490-17494.
Reik, W. & Walter, J. (2001). Genomic imprinting: parental influence on the genome. Nature Reviews Genetics 2(1), 21-32.
Saigusa, T., Tero, A., Nakagaki, T., & Kuramoto, Y. (2008). Amoebae anticipate periodic   events.  Physical Review Letters, 100(018101).
Sarnat, H. B. & Netsky, M. G. (1985). The brain of the planarian as the ancestor of the  human brain. The Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. Le Journal   
          Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques, 12(4), 296-302
Shomrat, T. & Levin (2013). An automated training paradigm reveals long-term memory in  planaria and its persistence through head regeneration. Journal of Experimental  Biology, 216(20), 3799-3810.
Squire, L. R. (2004). Memory systems of the brain: A brief history and current perspective.  Neurobiology of Learning and Memory 82(3), 171-177.
Silverman, P. (2004, May 24). Rethinking genetic determinism: With only 30,000 genes  what is it that makes humans human? The Scientist, 18(10), 32-33. Retrieved from:
          http://www.the-scientist.com/?articles.view/articleNo/15678/title/Rethin...Genetic-Determinism/
Surani, M. A. (2001). Reprogramming of genome function through epigenetic inheritance. Nature, 414(6859), 122-128.
Templeton, G. (2013, May 15). Smart dust: A complete computer thats smaller than a grain of sand. Retrieved from: http://www.extremetech.com/extreme/155771-smart-dust-a-complete-computer...
Thurler, K. (2013, July 18). Flatworms lose their heads but not their memories. Retrieved  from: http://now.tufts.edu/news-releases/flatworms-lose-their-heads-not-their-          
          memories
Verny, T. R. & Kelly, J. (1981). The secret life of the unborn child: How you can prepare your baby for a happy, healthy life. New York: Summit Books.
Verny, T. R. (1987). Pre- and perinatal psychology: An Introduction. New York: Human Sciences Press.
Verny, T. R. & Weintraub, P. (1991). Nurturing the unborn child: A nine month program for soothing, stimulating, and communicating with your baby. New York: Delacorte Press.
Verny, T. R. & Weintraub, P. (2002). Tomorrow's baby: The Art and Science of Parenting from Conception Through Infancy. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Abstract: The accepted neurological dictum is that memory resides in the cortical neurons of the brain. Evidence from studies on genetics, epigenetics, organ transplants, immunology, unicellular organisms, planarian flat worms, nano computers and clinical psychology is cited here in support of the hypothesis that memory can also be stored in all the cells of the body, not just nerve cells. The relevance of this theory to pre- and perinatal psychology is explored.

Thinking the Unthought

$10.00
Price: $10.00
Publication Date: 
July 2012

Some psychoanalytic researches are reviewed here to give an overview of how ideas on prenatal life and psychoanalytic ideas on ego-formation got tentatively together during the last century and the first years of the new century. There is a large bow to Ferenczi who published his long paper Thalassa in 1924 after about ten years of thoughts on it that were shared by Maiello, Hidas and Raffai, and Wilheim. Certainly this bow is incomplete. However, we can see how prenatal life becomes more relevant in psychoanalytic research, too.

References: 

Bianchedi, E.T. de, Antar, L.R., Biancheci, D.M. de, Cortinas, L. P., Neborak, S., Kaplan, A. G., de, … Oelsner, R. (1999). Pre-natals/post-natals: The total personality: A memory of the future / The future of psychoanalysis. Retrieved from http://www.sicap.it/~merciai/bion/papers/bianc2.htm
Bion, W., R. (1970). Attention and interpretation. London: Tavistock Publications [Reprinted New York: Seven Servanta (1977).
Bion, W., R. (1991). A memoir of the future. London: Karnac.
Blazy, H. (2006). Dreizehn yahre nach Piontelli “From Fetus to Child.” (Thirteen years after Piontelli From fetus to child) International Journal of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Medicine, 18(1-4), 92-103.
Caruso, I. (1973). Die Bedeutung des pränatalen seelenlebens für die persönlichkeitsentwicklung (The importance of prenatal life for personality development). In Graber, Kruse: Vorgeburtliches Seelenleben (Prenatal Mental Life). Goldmann Medizin Bd. 9038, 65-72.
Ferenczi, S. (1924) Versuch einer genitaltheorie (Attempt at a theory of genitality). In: Balint, M., (Ed) (1972). Schriften zur Psychoanalyse II (Writings on psychoanalysis II), 317-400. Frankfort: S. Fischer.
Ferenczi, S. (1929). Das unwillkommene lind und sein todestrieb (The unwelcome child and his death instinct). In Bausteine zur Psychoanalyse III (Blocks for psychoanalysis III) (1964), 446-452. Bern: Huber.
Freud, S. (1926/1959). Inhibitions, symptoms, and anxiety. New York, London: W.W. Norton.
Gidoni, E.A. (1985) Die continuität zwischen fetalen und postnatalen verhaltensmustern (The continuity between fetal and postnatal behaviour). In Milani Comparetti (Ed). Von der behandlung der krankheit zur sorge um hesundheit: Konzept einer am kind orientierten gesundheitsförderung (Of treating the disease of concern to health: On child-oriented concept of health promotion), 57-64.
Grolnick, S.A., Barking, L., & Muensterberger, W. (1988). Reality and Fantasy: Transitional objects and Phenomena. New York: Jason Aronson.
Grotstein, J.S., (Ed). (1981). Do I dare disturb the universe? A memorial to Wilfred R. Bion. London: Karnac.
Hidas, G. & Raffai, J. (2006). Nabelschnur der seele (Umbilical cord of the soul). Frankfort: Psychosozial-Verlag.
Maiello, S. (2003) Die Bedeutung pränataler auditiver Wahrnehmung und Erinnrerung für die psychische Entwicklung.- eine psychoanalytische Pespektive (The importance of prenatal auditory perception for mental development: A psychoanalytic perspective). In Nöcker-Ribaupierre, M. (Ed), Hören – Brücke ins Leben (Listen – bridge to life). Gottengen: Van den Hoeck & Ruprecht.
Meistermann-Seeger E (1986) Fokaltraining (Brief therapy). Munich: Verlag für angewandte Wissenschaften.
Von Lüpke, H. (1997) Das leben beginnt mit kommunikation: Zur continuität menschlicher entwicklung (Life begins with communication: On the continuity of human development). Wege zum Menschen 49(5), 272-28.
Wilheim, J. (1993). The establishment of early prenatal matrices. Paper given at the 6th International Conference of PPPANA
Wilheim, J. (1995). Unterwegs zur geburt. Eine Brücke zwischen dem Biologischen und dem Psychischen (On the way to birth: A bridge between the biological and mental). Heidelberg: Mattes Verlag
Wilheim, J. (2008). The trauma of conception. In Primitive mental states: A psychoanalytic exploration of the origins of meaning, VanBuren, J., & Alhanti, S. (eds). London: Taylor and Francis.
Winnicott, D.W. (1949) Transitional Objects and Transitional Phenomena. Paper presented to the British Psychoanalytic Society.
Winnicott, D.W. (1961). The effect of psychotic parents on emotional development of the child. British Journal of Psychiatric Social Work, 6(1).
Winnicott, D.W. (1992). Birth Memories, Birth Traumata, and Anxiety. International Journal of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Medicine, 4(1-2), 17-34.