Literature Review

Post-traumatic Symptomatology in Parents with Premature Infants: A Systematic Review of the Literature

$10.00
Price: $10.00
Publication Date: 
March 2007

The emotional distress resulting from the experience of giving birth to a preterm infant (gestational age < 37 weeks) and the subsequent neonatal unit hospitalisation may be a traumatic experience for parents. In the present systematic literature review, studies on parental posttraumatic symptomatology following birth of a premature infant were reviewed. A total of 5 studies were identified. All studies reviewed found that posttraumatic symptomatology is quite common in parents or primary caregivers of premature infants. However, methodological weaknesses of relevant studies (e.g.

References: 

Affleck, G., Tennenn, H., & Rowe, J. (1991). Infants in crisis: How parents cope with newborn intensive care and its aftermath. New York: Springer-Verlag.

Allen, E.C., Manuel, J.C., Legault, C., Naughton, M.J., Pivor, C., & O'Shea, T.M. (2004). Perception of child vulnerability among mothers of former premature infants. Pediatrics, 113, 267-73.

American Psychiatric Association (2000). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Washington DC: American Psychiatric Association.

Beck, A.T., Rush, A.J., Shaw, B.F., & Emery, G. (1979). Cognitive therapy for depression. New York: Guilford.

Blake, D., Weathers, F., Nagy, L., Kaloupek, D., Klauminzer, G., Charney, D., & Keane T (1990). Clinician Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS). Boston: National Center for Post-traumatic Stress Disorder.

Buckley, T.C., Blanchard, E.B., & Neil, W.T. (2000). Information processing and PTSD: A review of the empirical literature. Clinical Psychology Review, 20, 1041-1065.

Campbell, D.E. & Fleischman, A.R. (2001). Limits of viability: Dilemmas, decisions, and decision makers. American Journal of Perinatology, 18, 117-128.

Costeloe, K., Gibson, A.T., Marlow, N., & Wilkinson, A.R. (2000). The EPICure Study: Outcome to discharge from hospital for infants born at the threshold of viability. Pediatrics, 106, 659-671.

Crockenburg, S. (1987). Support for adolescent mothers during the postnatal period: Theory and research. In C.F.Z. Boukydis (Ed.), Research on support for parents and infants in the postnatal period. Norwood, NJ: Abdex.

Drewett, R., Blair, P., Emmett, P., & Emond, A. (2004). Failure to thrive in the term and preterm infants of mothers depressed in the postnatal period: A population-based birth control study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45, 359-366.

Droogan, J. & Cullum, N. (1998). Systematic reviews in nursing. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 35, 13-22.

Foa, E.B., Ehlers, A., Clark, D.M., Tollin, D.F., & Orsillo, S.M. (1999). The Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory (PTCI): Development and validation. Psychological Assessment, 11, 303-314.

Holditch-Davis, D., Bartlett, T.R., Blickman, A.L., & Shandor Miles, M. (2003). Posttraumatic stress symptoms in mothers of premature infants. JOGNN, 32, 161-171.

Horowitz, M., Wilner, N., & Alvarez, W. (1979). Impact of Event Scale: A measure of subjective stress. Psychosomatic Medicine, 41, 209-218.

Jotzo, M. & Poets, C.F. (2005). Helping parents cope with the trauma of premature birth: An evaluation of a trauma-preventive psychological intervention. Pediatrics, 115, 915-919.

Kersting, A., Dorsch, M., Wesselmann, U., et al. (2004). Maternal posttraumatic stress response after the birth of a very low-birth-weight infant. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 57, 473-476.

Kuckelman Cobb, A. & Nelson Hagemaster, J. (1987). Ten criteria for evaluating qualitative research proposals. Journal of Nursing Education, 26, 138-142.

Martin, J.A., Hamilton, B.E., Sutton, P.O., Venture, S.J., et al. (2003). Births: Final data for 2002. National Vital Statistics Reports, 52. Hyattsville, MD: National Centre for Health Statistics.

Mays, N. & Pope, C. (2000). Qualitative Research in Health Care: Assessing Quality in Qualitative Research. British Medical Journal, 320, 50-52.

McKim, E.M. (1993). The information and support needs of mothers of premature infants. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 8, 233-244.

Meek, N.E., Fowler, S.A., Claflin, K, & Rasmussen, L.B. (1995). Mothers' perceptions of their NICU experience 1 and 7 months after discharge. Journal of Early Intervention, 19, 288-301.

Meyer, E.G., Coll, C.T.G., Seifer, R., Ramos, A., Kilis, E., & Oh, W. (1995). Psychological distress in mothers of preterm infants. Developmental and Behavioural Pediatrics, 16, 412-417.

Moehn, D.G. & Rossetti, L. (1996). The effects of neonatal intensive care on parental emotions and attachment. Infant-Toddler Intervention: The Transdisciplinary Journal, 6, 229-246.

Nixon, R.D.V., Resick, P.A., & Nishith, P. (2004). An exploration of comorbid depression among female victims of intimate partner violence with posttraumatic stress disorder. Journal of Affective Disorders, 82, 315-320.

Petrou, S., Mehta, Z., Hockley, C., Cook-Mozaffari, P., Henderson, J., & Goldacre, M. (2003). The impact of a preterm baby on hospital inpatient admissions and costs during the first 5 years of life. Pediatrics, 112, 1290-1297.

Petrou, S., Sach, T., & Davidson, L. (2001). The long-term costs of preterm babies and low birth weight: results of a systematic review. Child: Health Care and Development, 27, 97-115.

Pierrhumbert, B., Nicole, A., Muller-Nix, C., Forcada-Guex, M., & Ansermet, F. (2005). Parental post-traumatic reactions after premature birth: Implications for sleeping and eating problems in the infant. Archives of Disease in Childhood and Fetal and Neonatal Education, 88, 400-404.

Quinnell, F.A. & Hynan, M.T. (1999). Convergent and discriminant validity of the Perinatal PTSD Questionnaire (PPQ): A preliminary study. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 12, 193-199.

Raeside, L. (1997). Perceptions of environmental stressors in the neonatal unit. British Journal of Nursing, 6, 914-923.

Stroup, D.F., Berlin, J.A., Morton, S.C., Olkin, L, Williamson, G.D., Rennie, D., Moher, D., Becker, B.J., Sipe, T.A., & Thacker, S.B. (2000). Meta-analysis of observational studies in epidemiology. Journal of the American Medical Association, 283, 2008-2012.

Tedstone, J.E. & Tarrier, N. (2003). Posttraumatic stress disorder following medical illness and treatment. Clinical Psychology Review, 23, 409-448.

Tommys Charity O, Available at http://www.tommys.org. Accessed July 2005.

Wereszczak, J., Shandor Miles, M., & Holditch-Davis, D. (1997). Maternal recall of the neonatal intensive care unit. Neonatal Network, 16, 33-10.

Yehuda, R. (2002). Clinical relevance of biologic findings in PTSD. Psychiatric Quarterly, 73, 23-33.

Zlotnick, C., Rodriguez, B.F., Weisberg, R.B., Bruce, S.E., Spencer, M.A., Culpepper, L., & Keller, M.B. (2004). Chronicity in posttraumatic stress disorder and predictors of the course of posttraumatic stress disorder among primary care patients. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 192, 153-159.