Ancient Indian literature has described the process of formation of a human individual in great detail. This is not only a biological process but also a bio-psycho-spiritual process. It has been equated with the process of formation of the universe which evolves from interplay of Purusha (supreme soul or God or the consciousness) and Prakriti (un-manifest primal nature). Purusha at his free will gets mixed up with un-manifest primal nature, giving rise to the knowable empirical universe.
In the U.S. and other industrialized nations, the prevailing childbirth approach has been described as medicalized, a view in which safe birth is characterized as requiring specialized intervention. From the perspective that birth attitudes are largely enculturated, we assessed medical and natural birth attitudes among 1,467 nulliparous university women and men, expecting that pre-parents would endorse medical more strongly than natural birth attitudes. We analyzed data in subgroups categorized by sex, race, and future childbearing plans.
Due to pervasive cultural influences childbirth is typically viewed by young women as a painful and frightening event requiring medical attention. The current research investigates whether providing college-attending women access to information, education, and critical thinking skills in the area of perinatal care can significantly, positively alter this belief system.