Midwifery

Interview: Mary Jackson, Certified Professional Midwife Bridging Midwifery Practice and Pre- and Perinatal Psychology Insights

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Price: $10.00
Publication Date: 
January 2013

Interview with Mary Jackson, CPM,Midwife integrating pre and perinatal psychology principles into midwifery practice. Mary Jackson RN, CPM, LM, RCST, has been a home birth Midwife since 1975. She has attended over 2,000 births in the Santa Barbara, Ventura, and Ojai, California areas and is now attending home births with her second generation of babies. She has incorporated a two-year craniosacral training with Michael Shea and the two-year Castellino Prenatal and Birth Training into her midwifery practice.

Book Reviews 23,3

Publication Date: 
03/2009

ABSTRACT: This article offers a historical account of the changes in birth that the author reflects on after decades as a practicing obstetrician. In preliterate and pre-agricultural societies, women used to isolate themselves to give birth. It seems that at that phase of the history of humanity the only person who could be around was the mother of the parturient, an ant, or another experienced mother. Then, for thousands of years, childbirth has been more and more socialized and culturally controlled. During this long period the birth environment remained mostly feminine.

The Masculinisation of the Birth Environment

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Price: $10.00
Publication Date: 
March 2009

This article offers a historical account of the changes in birth that the author reflects on after decades as a practicing obstetrician. In preliterate and pre-agricultural societies, women used to isolate themselves to give birth. It seems that at that phase of the history of humanity the only person who could be around was the mother of the parturient, an ant, or another experienced mother. Then, for thousands of years, childbirth has been more and more socialized and culturally controlled. During this long period the birth environment remained mostly feminine.

References: 

Donnison, J. (1977). Midwives and medical men. London: Heinemann.

Odent, M. (2009). The functions of the orgasms: the highways to transcendence. London: Pinter & Martin.

Odent, M. (2004). Knitting midwives for drugless childbirth? Midwifery Today, 71, 21-22.

Von Siebold, E. C. J. (1839). Versuch einer Geschichte der Gerburtshulfe, Berlin.

New Criteria to Evaluate the Practices of Midwifery and Obstetrics

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Price: $10.00
Publication Date: 
March 2008

A position on the necessity of evaluating both obstretrics and midwifery is offered to utilize what strengths each discipline brings birthing mothers. But beyond this, the effects of birth on subsequent events, for example breastfeeding in the short term, and the potential for sweeping effects in the long term for the culture are included. To summarize, the accumulation of research in a number of areas points to the conclusion that interfering with pre- or perinatal development can have future effects currently not envisioned.

References: 

Akil, H., Watson, S. J., Barchas, J. D., & Li, C. H. (1979). Beta-endorphin immunoreactivity in rat and human blood : Radioimmunoassay, comparative levels and physiological alterations. Life Science, 24, 1659-66.

Almeida, J. A. G. (2001). Breastfeeding: a nature-culture hybrid. Editora Fiocruz. Rio De Janeiro.

Al-Mufti, R., McCarthy, A., & Fisk N. M. (1997). Survey of obstetricians' personal preference and discretionary practice. European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, 73, 1-4.

Beilin, Y., Bodian, C., Weiser, J., et al. (2005 Dec). Effect of labor epidural analgesia with and without fentanyl on infant breast-feeding: a prospective, randomized, double-blind study. Anesthesiology, 103(6), 1211-7.

Csontos, K., Rust, M., Hollt, V., et al. (1979). Elevated plasma beta-endorphin levels in pregnant women and their neonates. Life Science, 25, 835-44.

Gabbe, S. G., Holzman, G. B. (2001). Obstetricians' choice of delivery. Lancet, 357, 722.

Hannah, M. E., Hannah, W. J., et al. (2000). Planned caesarean section versus planned vaginal birth for breech presentation at term: a randomised multicentre trial, Lancet, 356, 1375-83.

Hultman, C. P., Sparen, P. & Cnattingius, S. (2002). Perinatal risk factors for infantile autism, Epidemiology, 13, 417-23.

Krebs, L., & Langhoff-Roos, J. (2003). Elective cesarean delivery for term breech, Obstetrics & Gynecology, 101(4), 690-6.

Lie, B., & Juul, J. (1988). Effect of epidural vs. general anesthesia on breastfeeding, Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 67, 207-9.

Liu, S., Liston, R. M., Joseph, K. S., et al. (2007). Maternal mortality and severe morbidity associated with low-risk planned cesarean delivery versus planned vaginal delivery at term. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 176(4), 455-60.

Nissen, E., Uvnas-Moberg, K., Svensson, K., Stock, S., Widstrom, A. M., & Winberg, J. (1996). Different patterns of oxytocin, prolactin but not cortisol release during breastfeeding in women delivered by caesarean section or by the vaginal route. Early Human Development, 45, 103-118.

Odent, M. (2000). Between circular and cul-de-sac epidemiology, Lancet, 355, 1371.

Odent, M. (2001a). New reasons and new ways to study birth physiology, International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Nov 75, Suppl 1, S39-S45.

Odent M. (2001b). The scientification of love (2nd edition). London: Free Association Books.

Rivier, C., Vale, W., Ling, N., Brown, M., & Guillemin, R. (1977). Stimulation in vivo of the secretion of prolactin and growth hormone by beta-endorphin, Endocrinology, 100, 238-41.

Steer, P. (1998). Caesarean section: an evolving procedure? British Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology, 105, 1052-55.

Zanardo, V., Nicolussi, S., Giacomin, C., Faggian, D., Favaro, F., & Plebani, M. (2001). Labor pain effects on colostral milk beta endorphin concentrations of lactating mothers. Biology of the Neonate, 79(2), 79-86.