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The Evolution of Mind-Body Practice in Obstetrics* by Robert Bruce Newman
Publication Date: 12/2015
Author(s): Robert Bruce Newman

Keywords:

Though obstetrics has been dominated by medical procedures for decades, the medical paradigm has been shifting, particularly through the inclusion of mind-body medicine, and new forms of childbirth practice and care have been evolving. Mind-body practice in childbirth is seen to have developed in three distinct stages, from the mid-nineteenth century to the present.  Prenatal mind-body practices have emerged, supported by traditional meditation science and extensive contemporary research.

Children's Birth, Womb, Prelife, and Past-Life Memories by OHKADO Masayuki
Publication Date: 09/2015
Author(s): OHKADO Masayuki

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The aim of this article is to report the results of an Internet-based survey conducted in Japan concerning the four types of children’s memories: (i) birth memories; (ii) womb memories; (iii) life-between-life or prelife memories (memories before conception); and (iv) past-life memories. A child having one type of these memories often possesses other types (Ohkado & Ikegawa, 2014). It is expected that analyzing these four types of memories simultaneously will shed new light on children’s psychology.

Prenatal Maternal Stress: Neurological and Physiological Impacts on Offspring by Anna Humphreys
Publication Date: 09/2015
Author(s): Anna Humphreys

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A growing body of research indicates that high levels of prenatal maternal stress (PNMS) can have lasting negative impacts on offspring. This review examines current literature about the structural and physiological effects of gestational stress on the brain of the fetus.

The Significance of Pregnancy and Birth for Cultural Evolution by Ludwig Janus
Publication Date: 09/2015
Author(s): Ludwig Janus, Ludwig Janus

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One of the important differences between Homo sapiens and the other primates is the condition of pregnancy and birth. Because of the upright walk and the larger brain size of Homo sapiens, the birth channel became too narrow to accommodate birth after a long pregnancy. The evolutionary solution was the shortening of human pregnancy from about 21 months to only nine months. The consequence of this was the so-called “physiological prematurity” of human newborns.

Views on Medical and Natural Birth in University Women and Men by Soliday & Mammenga
Publication Date: 09/2015
Author(s): Elizabeth Soliday, Stefani Mammenga

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In the U.S. and other industrialized nations, the prevailing childbirth approach has been described as medicalized, a view in which safe birth is characterized as requiring specialized intervention. From the perspective that birth attitudes are largely enculturated, we assessed medical and natural birth attitudes among 1,467 nulliparous university women and men, expecting that pre-parents would endorse medical more strongly than natural birth attitudes. We analyzed data in subgroups categorized by sex, race, and future childbearing plans.

Childbirth-Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Breastfeeding: Challenges Mothers Face and How Birth Professionals Can Support Them by Kathleen Kendall-Tackett
Publication Date: 06/2015
Author(s): Kathleen Kendall-Tackett

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Abstract: Birth is life-altering event. Under the best circumstances, it is a happy one. Labor and delivery can be empowering, with mothers feeling that they have accomplished something great. Unfortunately, birth can also be difficult, overwhelming, and for some, traumatic. Without intervention, childbirth-related trauma and PTSD can last for years, coloring how women feel about themselves as mothers, and potentially marring their relationships with partners and babies. Birth trauma and breastfeeding intersect in some key ways. Birth trauma can negatively impact breastfeeding.

Constructing the Self: A Neuroanthropological Account by Charles D. Laughlin
Publication Date: 06/2015
Author(s): Charles Laughlin

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Interview with William Emerson by Kerry Francis
Publication Date: 06/2015
Author(s): Kerry Francis

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William Emerson, PhD, is a renowned and early pioneer in the field of pre- and perinatal psychology. He practiced pre- and perinatal psychotherapy for more than 40 years, specializing in regression therapy and developing and implementing methods for treating pre- and perinatal trauma in infants, children and adults. He was the first in the world to develop treatment techniques for infants, including psychotherapeutic interventions. He is a renowned workshop leader, writer, and international lecturer and has been active in promoting research and practice in pre- and peri-natal psychology.

The Resulting Effects of In Utero Attachment on the Personality Development of an Adopted Individual by Tracy L. Carlis
Publication Date: 06/2015
Author(s): Tracy L. Carlis

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Abstract: A newborn separated from his mother at birth and relinquished for adoption is susceptible to a primal wounding. This construct describes the deep psychic scarring and lasting emotional impact of adoption caused by the sudden severing of the in utero bond with the biological mother. The results of the trauma are believed to be substantial and to carry major long-term developmental effects, and yet the nature of those implications remains poorly understood.

Healing the Effects of Pre and Perinatal Traumas with Homeopathic Medicine by Jonathan Breslow
Publication Date: 03/2015
Author(s): Jonathan Breslow

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Interpersonal Aspects of Postpartum Depression by Jamie E. Banker
Publication Date: 03/2015
Author(s): Jamie E. Banker

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Abstract: The primary goal of this paper is to provide a theoretical understanding of postpartum depression that captures multiple aspects of a woman’s life during pregnancy and postpartum. Recent literature cites the couple’s relationship as playing an important role in the antenatal period. This paper offers a unique perspective. Family systems theory is employed to inform the conceptualization of postpartum depression and also to guide clinicians, women and family’s understanding of this disorder from a relational perspective.

Interview with Suzanne Arms by Kerry Francis
Publication Date: 03/2015
Author(s): Kerry Francis

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Suzanne Arms is an author, teacher, photojournalist, practical visionary and activist. She is a mother and grandmother, and strong and vocal supporter of APPPAH, a champion of midwifery and empowered women and a passionate and compassionate speaker. The second of her seven books, Immaculate Deception: A New Look at Childbirth, was named a best Book of the Year by the New York Times in 1975 and sold over 250,000 copies. Arms received a Lamaze Lifetime Achievement Award and was named A Living Treasure by Mothering Magazine for her work as an agent of change.

Postpartum Depression: Who is Checking In with Supermom? by Jennifer Senator
Publication Date: 03/2015
Author(s): Jennifer Senator

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One in seven women in the United States experience postpartum depression (PPD). However, despite general awareness of this condition many cases are not identified or treated. Left untreated, postpartum depression may become severe, affecting not only the mother, but also her family—most notably her child’s development and health. A major question is who will screen women for PPD? Medical professionals may or may not ask a new mother about depressive symptoms (either formally via questionnaire or informally in conversation), and mothers may or may not answer these questions truthfully.

We want what’s best for our baby: Prenatal Parenting of Babies with Lethal Conditions by Denise Cóté-Arsenault ,Heidi Krowchuk, Wendasha Jenkins Hall, & Erin Denney-Koelsch
Publication Date: 03/2015
Author(s): Denise Cete-Arsenault, Heidi Krowchuk, Erin Denney-Koelsch, Wendasha Jenkens Hall

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Abstract:  This article reports on qualitative research into the experience of couples who chose to continue their pregnancies after receiving a lethal fetal diagnosis, and to embrace the parenting of their baby in the shortened time they have. This analysis of interview data is part of a larger research project describing parents’ experiences of continuing pregnancy with a known lethal fetal diagnosis (LFD).prenatal parenting, lethal fetal diagnosis, LFD

Interview with Michel Odent by Kate White
Publication Date: 12/2014
Author(s): Kate White

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Michel Odent studied medicine in Paris and was educated as a surgeon. He has been presented in Lancet as “one of the last real general surgeons.” Dr. Odent was in charge of the surgical and maternity units of the Pithiviers Hospital (France) from 1962 to 1985, where he developed a special interest in environmental factors influencing the birth process. He introduced concepts like home-like birthing rooms and birthing pools in maternity hospitals, and singing sessions for pregnant women. After his hospital career he was involved in home birth.

Psychology as Medicine by Paul Brenner
Publication Date: 12/2014
Author(s): Paul Brenner

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Drawing from the fields of surgical oncology, obstetrics and gynecology, epigenetics, and counseling psychology, this article delves into the generational impacts of experiences.

The Perinatal Genogram: A Systemic Assessment Tool by Jamie E. Banker and Diana L. Barnes
Publication Date: 12/2014
Author(s): Jamie E. Banker, Diana L. Barnes

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Coming into Form: The Unique Experiences of Practicing Prenatal and Perinatal Therapists
Publication Date: 10/2014
Author(s): Patricia Lucas

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Abstract: This article presents the results and discussion portions of the author’s dissertation research (submitted in 2009 to the Santa Barbara Graduate Institute) that are relevant to the conversations centered in attribute development of PPN professionals. The author’s dissertation, Prenatal and Perinatal Therapists’ Experiences of the Psycho-therapeutic Alliance: A Mixed Method Exploration, investigated prenatal and perinatal therapists’ experiences of practicing therapy, exploring the unique and common areas of what it is to specialize in this therapeutic modality.

Thomas Verny, Founder of APPPAH Interview
Publication Date: 10/2014
Author(s): Kerry Francis

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Thomas Verny wrote the book, The Secret Life of the Unborn Child, which was published in 1981 and quickly became an international best-seller.  Riding the wave of the wide-spread excitement about the field of pre- and perinatal psychology that his book generated, Dr. Verny founded APPPAH (then called PPPANA) and organized the first congress in Toronto in 1983. Dr. Verny was then elected the first President of APPPAH, a position he held for eight years. The Journal of Pre- and Perinatal Psychology and Health also owes its beginning to Dr.

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