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Prenatal and Perinatal Trauma Case Formulation: Toward an Evidence-Based Assessment of the Origins of Repetitive Behaviors in Adults
Publication Date: 06/2011
Author(s): Bobbi Jo Lyman

Historically, the practice of treating adults for prenatal and perinatal trauma has consisted of individual practitioners’ modalities that lacked empirical validation around treatment specificity or efficacy. Yet, their commitment to understanding the origins of behaviors has provided hope for clients challenged with life-long problems. This paper describes, based on a review of the literature, a first step towards integrating prenatal and perinatal psychology theory and practice knowledge with current case formulation and evidence-based practice models.

Remembering B.J. by Marti Glenn and Wendy Anne McCarty
Publication Date: 06/2011
Author(s): Marti Glenn, Wendy Anne McCarty

Dr. Bobbi Jo Lyman passed away on May 4, 2011. For nearly two decades, she passionately devoted her life work to the field of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology (PPN) and the message that our earliest life experiences are of vital importance.

Is Maternal Personality and Coping Style Related to Breech Presentation? Evaluating the Chinese Medicine and Ayurvedic Models of Risk Factors for Breech Presentation
Publication Date: 05/2011
Author(s): Caroline Peterson

We investigated maternal personality characteristics and coping style as potential risk factors for breech presentation in this case-control study. Mothers of cephalic presentation babies (n=72) and mothers of breech presentation babies (n=42) participated in a socio-demographic survey, the State Trait Personality Inventory (STPI), and an in-depth interview. In-depth interview results suggested mothers of breech presentation were more likely to be idealistic, analytical, overextended, and fearful; also less likely to be flexible.

Living Out the Past: Infant Surgery Prior to 1987
Publication Date: 05/2011
Author(s): Terry Monell

This paper will focus on the infants and young children who underwent surgical procedures without anesthesia prior to 1987, the standard of practice at the time, and the lifelong consequences that remain unrecognized and untreated in this population. Relevant historical context unique to this phenomenon in the human story is critical to understanding the protocol by which the medical profession determined care for the infant. The review of the neuroscience of trauma and memory focuses on primary sensory and affective capacity.

Sibling Grief After Perinatal Loss
Publication Date: 05/2011
Author(s): Joann M O'Leary, Cecilie Gaziano

Research which studies family grief in response to perinatal loss (the loss of a child before birth, during birth, or immediately after birth) generally has focused on parental grief and rarely included sibling grief. The emotional burdens from unresolved grief that surviving siblings experience can be carried into adulthood and are insufficiently understood. Siblings in families bereaved as a result of perinatal loss suffer in two ways: they mourn the loss of their expected sibling and they mourn the loss of the parents as they knew them prior to the loss.

Antecedents to Somatoform Disorders: A Pre-and Perinatal Psychology Hypothesis
Publication Date: 01/2011
Author(s): Bobbi Jo Lyman

The somatoforn cluster of behavioral disorders is the single most frequent class of unexplainable problems found in primary care medical settings today. What is known about these disorders is that there are physiological, social, and psychological variables that need to be considered. What is not known is how a person develops a propensity toward having physical symptoms as their primary complaint. The author suggests that human beings are classically conditioned when faced with intolerable emotional experiences in the womb or during birth.

Build Babies Not Jails
Publication Date: 01/2011
Author(s): Thomas R Verny

It takes much neglect, rejection, humiliation, physical maltreatment and sexual abuse to transform a tiny, trusting, innocent human being into a callous, cruel, and vicious person. This paper examines some of the factors that lead to the development of the violent personality from conception on. It is suggested that the answer to violence is not state violence. The answer is conscious pre and postnatal parenting supported by social institutions, laws, and practices which attend to the needs of pregnant parents, particularly, the disadvantaged.

Helping Asthmatic Children through Bonding Therapy
Publication Date: 01/2011
Author(s): Antonio Madrid, Dale Pennington, Gary F Brown, Maureen Wolfe

Disruptions in maternal-infant bonding are shown to be the mediating variable between maternal distress and the subsequent expression of childhood asthma. When bonding is repaired, it seems that children’s asthmatic symptoms diminish or remit. This study evaluated 16 asthmatic children before and after their mothers were treated with bonding therapy. Fourteen improved on 11 measures, including reduction in STEP classification system and medication use. Thirteen children were able to stop all medications. The links between bonding disruptions,

Primal Health Research: Four Essays
Publication Date: 01/2011
Author(s): Michel Odent

Four essays of unique importance in the field of prenatal and perinatal psychology and health are reprinted here with the permission of Michel Odent, Director of the Primal Health Research Center in London and editor of the newsletter Primal Health Research. Essay No. 1 focuses on the use of sytnthetic oxytocin, called

Primary Origins of Sleep Disorders and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Common Symptoms and Implications for Diagnosis and Treatment
Publication Date: 01/2011
Author(s): Verna Oberg

There have been many recent studies set up to examine the characteristics of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Sleeping Disorders (SDO), some separately and others to determine whether or not there is a link between them. To control behavior, medication is the most frequent method of treatment for ADHD, even though there is not yet an understanding of long-term effects of chemical intervention.

The Role of Shame in Infant Development
Publication Date: 01/2011
Author(s): Carolyn Wingfield

Shame is a powerful emotion born of implicit mind and with lasting implications. This brief essay explores the source of this experience, including its possible role as an instrument of survival, its relationship to the processes of bonding and attachment, and its developmental aspects.
Key Words: Shame, Attachment, Dysregulation, Mother

The Sentient Prenate: What Every Parent Should Know
Publication Date: 01/2011
Author(s): David B Chamberlain

Abstract: In the 1980’s parents in large numbers were first introduced to the sensitive, perceptive, conscious, and cognitive prenate. This paper summarizes the evidence from major research findings, demonstrating that prenates are 1) sensitive and aware, 2) learn and dream, and 3) are social and communicative. Well-designed experimental programs in prenatal enrichment confirm the intelligence and receptivity of womb babies. A closing section describes the special resources now available to parents who want to deliberately enhance prenatal bonding and communication.

Womb = Woman = World: Gender and Transcendence in Tibetan Tantric Buddhism
Publication Date: 01/2011
Author(s): Charles D Laughlin

Abstract: The cosmologies of many cultures use gender as symbolic for polar attributes of human consciousness. The author presents a developmental neurobiological theory to account for the non-arbitrary way in which this attribution comes about, and applies the theory to an explanation of the symbolic use of gender in Tibetan tantric Buddhism. He concludes by discussing the implications of the theory for understanding the effects of positive and negative pre- and perinatal experiences upon the development of gender identity.

Perinatal Clinical Psychology: Parent-Child Interaction in Primary Care
Publication Date: 12/2010
Author(s): Loredana Cena, Antonio Imbasciati

Perinatal clinical psychology deals with infant mental development, primary parent-child relationships, and problems related to nurturing and parenting activities of the woman and the couple during the prenatal and neonatal period. Its aims are promoting positive influences and preventing risk elements for the child’s development and for the parents raising the child, thus providing support to primary relationships. Perinatal clinical psychology studies intra-psychic, interpersonal, and trans-generational mental processes.

Post-Abortion Survivor Syndrome: Signs And Symptoms
Publication Date: 12/2010
Author(s): Philip G Ney, Claudia K Sheils, Marek Gajowy

Clinical observations indicated that those psychiatric patients who survived when a preborn sibling died were adversely affected by the experience. It seemed that being a survivor of a pregnancy loss, particularly abortion, contributed to psychiatric illnesses. Data was collected from a sample of 293 adults - 98 patients and 195 counseling trainees. A self-report questionnaire with visual analogue, rating, and descriptive questions was used to ascertain the extent of common psychiatric symptoms.

The Perinatal Application of Synthetic Oxytocin and its Possible Influence on the Human Psyche and the Etiology of Autism
Publication Date: 12/2010
Author(s): Christof Plothe

Autism is currently occurring in one in 10,000 children in Europe. The incidence in the US has been steadily increasing over the last years to a figure at least 4 times as high. It has become an issue of primary importance for modern society. Oxytocin is a hormone produced by the body, which is released in the posterior pituitary gland and controls a number of bodily functions. However, since the 90’s, its psychoactive component is being investigated and is becoming very meaningful in diagnosis and therapy of both psychiatry and psychology.

Carrying a Single Twin: Breaking the Silence to Reduce Stress
Publication Date: 09/2010
Author(s): Althea M Hayton

The death of a twin in the womb is traumatic for the mother. Pre- and perinatal psychology emphasizes the importance of a calm and stress-free pregnancy for the mother, so that the child will not be badly affected. The loss of one or more fetuses from a twin or multiple conception is unavoidably stressful. However, with full knowledge of the implications of such a death on all the parties involved and the opportunity to mourn the death openly, the stress on the pregnant mother can be reduced. Ways to reduce the stress on the mother are described.

Pain in Childbirth, Maternal Care, and Mind Development: A Review
Publication Date: 09/2010
Author(s): Antonio Imbasciati, Francesca Dabrassi

In recent decades perinatal clinical psychology and infant research has shown how neurological maturation of the newborn and infant brain is due to learning from maternal care: properties of baby’s mind development are conditioned by maternal care, and the baby’s primary mental development conditions the future child and adult mental development. Research has also shown that maternal care may be modulated by childbirth pain. The experience of pain may increase and enrich maternal care, and its suppression may depress the mother’s ability in maternal care.

Prenatal Bonding (BA): A Method for Encountering the Unborn Introduction and Case Study
Publication Date: 09/2010
Author(s): Gerhard Schroth

Part I - Introduction: Prenatal Bonding BA (*Bindungsanalyse by Raffai) provides the possibility of creating an intense bonding between mother and fetus, of being witness to the development of the fetus in the womb, to realize early prenatal traumas as well to have the chance for immediate healing. In this respect the method is at the same time an instrument of pre- and perinatal research, an empowerment of bonding between mother and fetus and a great help for giving birth much more easily.

The Impact of Developmental Trauma on Human Evolution
Publication Date: 09/2010
Author(s): Janae B Weinhold, Barry K Weinhold

This article presents an expanded paradigm for understanding the pervasive impact of subtle parent-child interactions that cause experiences of shock, trauma, and stress during the first three years of life. Drawn from quantitative, qualitative, applied evidence-based practice, case formulation research methods, and a comprehensive review of related research, it uses the term “developmental trauma” to describe these early experiences. The article also places shock, trauma, and stress on a continuum and charts their impact on the development of individuals, couples, and families.

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