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Open and Closed Knowledge Systems, The Four Stages of Cognition, and the Cultural Management of Birth: Part 2
Publication Date: 12/2019
Author(s): Author: Robbie Davis-Floyd

This conceptual “think piece” appears in JOPPPAH in two parts. Part 1 looked at four Stages of Cognition, relating each of them to an anthropological concept: Stages 1 and 2 encode closed, rigid, or concrete thinking. Stage 1 incorporates naïve realism (our way is the only way), fundamentalism (our way is the only right way), and fanaticism (our way is so right that all others should be assimilated or eliminated).

Prenatal Sentience, Psychedelic Healing, and the Future of Therapy
Publication Date: 12/2019
Author(s): Author: Serge Marc Lazard

A traumatic prenatal event was uncovered following a ceremony with the Amazonian medicine ayahuasca. Further ceremonies revealed abundant details about the contents of that event. What had started as an unsolicited discovery about my early history gradually became a process of deep psychotherapy as I found numerous connections between the event and my adult life. Practical principles for this type of investigation are outlined.

Spiritual Midwifery, Empty Chair Meditation, and Prenatal Memories: Helping Clients Navigate Pregnancy, Birth, Lifelong Stress, and Communication
Publication Date: 12/2019
Author(s): Author: Satoshi Ueda

Practicing daily meditation, which I studied at Berkeley Psychic Institute (BPI), intensified my state of consciousness and triggered my recollection of some of my prenatal memories. I help facilitate safer births as a trained Spiritual Midwife, by practicing spiritual healing and daily empty chair meditation with my clients. These are very useful tools, not only for pregnant women and family members, but also for people of any age who have emotional difficulties; both can promote releasing stress and can allow better communication with others.

Traumatic Birth History as a Predictor for Burnout in NICU Nurses: Time for a Paradigm Shift
Publication Date: 12/2019
Author(s): Author: Karin Kushniruk

The etiology of NICU nurse burnout focuses primarily on job-related factors. Burnout resulting from countertransference stress between nurses and patients is unexplored. This study explored the novel concept that nurses’ traumatic perinatal histories may be associated with their burnout. Two hundred eighty-three NICU nurses completed the Maslach Burnout Inventory and a Birth History Survey. Multiple regression analyses determined which demographic and birth history variables were predictive of burnout.

A Meta-Synthesis Exploring the Experience of Postpartum Psychosis
Publication Date: 09/2019
Author(s): Author: Sophie Wicks, Author: Anna Tickle, Author: Vanessa Dale-Hewitt

Not as much research exists regarding postpartum psychosis as compared to other perinatal mental health disorders, such as postpartum depression. In this meta-ethnography, twelve qualitative studies were examined. Four themes were developed: support needs and preferences; the terrifying and surreal world of postpartum psychosis; stigma and dismissal; and process of recovery. Alongside the four themes identified, consideration of personal appraisals and regaining personal identity may assist with recovery.

Epilinguistics Inside Epigenetics
Publication Date: 09/2019
Author(s): Author: Luisella Magnani, Author: Massimo Agosti

This article addresses the importance of the words we choose, especially when working with expectant and new mothers and their babies. Science is beginning to discover that the way we choose our words can improve the neural functioning of the brain and have the power to influence the expression of genes that regulate physical and emotional stress.

Open and Closed Knowledge Systems, The Four Stages of Cognition, and the Cultural Management of Birth: Part 1
Publication Date: 09/2019
Author(s): Author: Robbie Davis-Floyd

To better understand both the resistance to and the acceptance of pre- and perinatal psychology and other ways of thinking about birth, Part One of this article describes four stages of cognition and their anthropological equivalents. I correlate Stage 1—closed, rigid thinking —with naïve realism (“our way is the only way”), fundamentalism (“our way is the only right way”), and fanaticism (“our way is so right that all others should be assimilated or eliminated”).

Validating an Observational Measure of Prenatal Emotional Availability among Mothers with Depressive Symptoms
Publication Date: 09/2019
Author(s): Author: Saara J. Salo, Author: Marjo Flykt, Author: Sanna Isosävi, Author: Raija- Leena Punamäki, Author: Mirjam Kalland, Author: Zeynep Biringen, Author: Marjaterttu Pajulo

This study describes a new observational measure for assessing a mother’s prenatal emotional availability in relationship towards her unborn baby (Pre-EA). Concurrent associations between a mother’s Pre-EA, her adult attachment style (AAI), and prenatal maternal reflective functioning (RF) (Pregnancy Interview) were assessed among 45 pregnant women (gw 22-31) screened positive for depressive symptoms in a community-based sample. Pre-EA was measured from a videotaped, semi-structured maternal-fetal interaction assessment procedure (MIM).

Conscious Conception: Foundations of Emotional Development and Considerations for Professionals Working with Families
Publication Date: 06/2019
Author(s): Author: Ann C. Caird

Conscious conception encompasses physical, emotional, spiritual, and practical considerations that prepare parents to welcome, nurture, and parent their baby, and that form foundations for bonding and secure attachment. Parents’ thoughts and feelings before, at, and after conception and discovery of pregnancy influence the baby’s developing core beliefs of self, relationships, and the world. Parents’ abilities to differentiate their thoughts and feelings from those of the baby are critical to the baby’s developing felt sense of emotional safety and optimal development of self.

Forms of Expression of a Preverbal Reality in Child Psychotherapy
Publication Date: 06/2019
Author(s): Author: Ignez Carvalho Hartmann

Preverbal contents need special attention in the therapeutic process, due to their difficult accessibility and the tendency to be actuated in the therapeutic relationship. The author describes how essential steps in intrauterine development are linked to the symbolic representation of the mother-child unit and emphasizes the importance of body-related experiences in curing preverbal traumas. Sand scenes that can be metaphors for the body allow a first expression, at the symbolic level, of these unthinkable contents.

Mothers’ Perceptions of Their Infants
Publication Date: 06/2019
Author(s): Author: John Oates, Author: Judit Gervai

A mother’s perceptions of her infant are a core component of her working model of attachment. Interview methods of assessing mothers’ perceptions of their infants, while providing detailed and rich information, are time-intensive in administration and analysis. Therefore, a questionnaire measure would be of value for research and healthcare practice. A 44-item questionnaire was developed to investigate the axes along which maternal models are organized.

Vincent van Gogh: The Impact of Events in His Early Life on His Artwork
Publication Date: 06/2019
Author(s): Author: Ofra Lubetzky

In Winnicott’s view, a good-enough-mother is one who adapts herself to her baby’s needs near the end of her pregnancy and following the baby’s birth, and can identify with him in his initial stage of absolute dependence. If the mother had previously lost a baby and was unable to mourn the loss, then the baby born after the lost infant has to struggle more to become himself as his mother is focused on the lost baby and cannot see the new one in his own right.

Anencephaly: Insights for Genetic Counseling
Publication Date: 03/2019
Author(s): Author: Heidi Cope, Author: Melanie Garret, Author: Allison Ashley-Koch

Genetic counselors may meet with expectant parents to facilitate decision making following prenatal diagnosis of anencephaly. Factors that contribute to pregnancy management decisions and the perceived helpfulness of genetic counseling in this patient population are not fully understood. Women and their male partners who previously received a prenatal diagnosis of anencephaly completed mixed-methods questionnaires to assess decision-making factors and the impact of genetic counseling.

Anxiety and Depression Symptoms in Fathers During their Partner’s Pregnancy: How does this Impact Paternal Fetal Attachment?
Publication Date: 03/2019
Author(s): Author: Amy Beesley, Author: Emma Karwatzki, Author: Keith Sullivan

The transition of men into fatherhood is a period of adjustment and uncertainty. Research into expectant fathers is neglected in comparison to pregnant mothers. The aim of this study was to analyze the correlates of anxiety, depression, and the paternal-fetal attachment in expectant fathers. One hundred and sixty-six males were assessed using the Paternal Antenatal Attachment Scale (PAAS), the General Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-7) and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). Other questions relating to sociodemographic and pregnancy variables were also collected.

Publication Date: 03/2019
Author(s): Author: Michel Odent

Until now, studies of birth physiology among humans were based on interpretations of difficulties. Textbooks have extensively reproduced comparative drawings of maternal pelvis and fetal head to explain the particularities of childbirth in our species. This is why the importance of mechanical factors has been overestimated by theoreticians.

The Calming Womb Family Therapy Model: Bonding Mother and Baby from Pregnancy Forward
Publication Date: 03/2019
Author(s): Author: Rosita Cortizo

The Calming Womb Family Therapy Model (CWFTM) is a multi-modal, integrative, early intervention approach to treating mothers and their babies from conception through the first year postnatally. Its foundations lie in Murray Bowen’s family systems model that understands families as interactive systems rather than individuals, research in intergenerational transmission of trauma, attachment theory and research, and Selma Fraiberg’s psychodynamic work with mothers and infants to resolve maternal trauma and transference reactions to their babies, followed by developmental guidance.

The Early Root of Trauma
Publication Date: 03/2019
Author(s): Author: Graham Gorman

The author’s research, the aim of which was to try to establish the actual facts of unconscious memory, succeeded in finding that such memories do exist and are the root of a wide variety of mental health problems. The research also, unexpectedly, identified a basic instinct for survival and revealed a deep-rooted suspicion of a mother’s love as the vehicle which carries the suffering of infantile trauma through childhood mental health problems to the adult’s irrational and sometimes violent behavior.

"No Child Is Ours" The Absence of Motherhood as Reflected in Women's Poetry
Publication Date: 12/2018
Author(s): Author: Ofra Lubetzky

Motherhood is a mental organization that includes biological, sociological, and emotional elements that come into being in the mother's psyche with conception, during pregnancy, around birth, and throughout life. This article explores the significance of motherhood, including historical and cultural perspectives, and considers how women who have not created a child can explore their creativity through poetry.

Delphi Birth Professional Study: Factors Needed for Pre- and Perinatal Parenting Programs
Publication Date: 12/2018
Author(s): Author: Christine McKee, Author: Peta Stapleton

Using a three-round hybrid Delphi methodology, the current study utilized a panel of “expert” birth professionals (n=20 after three rounds) to examine content and logistical factors that may be most effective for inclusion in the design, development, and delivery of pre- and perinatal (PPN) parenting programs of the 21st century. The purpose was to attain consensus on 235 items generated from literature and the panelists. Consensus per item was deemed achieved where 75% [dis]agreement was reached, which occurred for 157 (66.81%) items.

The “Natural” Cesarean: An Online Survey of Israeli Women’s Attitudes
Publication Date: 12/2018
Author(s): Author: Amy Lauren Shapira, Author: Yeela Tomsis

The “natural” cesarean is an elective cesarean technique, which attempts to mirror the normal physiology of the vaginal birth process and the immediate period after birth, conceptualized in the early 2000s and gaining popularity. Women who have no choice but to undergo an elective cesarean section, their babies, and spouses can all benefit from this procedure. Although previous studies examined women’s attitudes towards cesarean delivery, women’s attitudes towards the “natural” cesarean have not been studied.