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Epilinguistics Inside Epigenetics
Publication Date: 09/2019
Author(s): Author: Luisella Magnani, Author: Massimo Agosti

This article addresses the importance of the words we choose, especially when working with expectant and new mothers and their babies. Science is beginning to discover that the way we choose our words can improve the neural functioning of the brain and have the power to influence the expression of genes that regulate physical and emotional stress.

Open and Closed Knowledge Systems, The Four Stages of Cognition, and the Cultural Management of Birth: Part 1
Publication Date: 09/2019
Author(s): Author: Robbie Davis-Floyd

To better understand both the resistance to and the acceptance of pre- and perinatal psychology and other ways of thinking about birth, Part One of this article describes four stages of cognition and their anthropological equivalents. I correlate Stage 1—closed, rigid thinking —with naïve realism (“our way is the only way”), fundamentalism (“our way is the only right way”), and fanaticism (“our way is so right that all others should be assimilated or eliminated”).

Validating an Observational Measure of Prenatal Emotional Availability among Mothers with Depressive Symptoms
Publication Date: 09/2019
Author(s): Author: Saara J. Salo, Author: Marjo Flykt, Author: Sanna Isosävi, Author: Raija- Leena Punamäki, Author: Mirjam Kalland, Author: Zeynep Biringen, Author: Marjaterttu Pajulo

This study describes a new observational measure for assessing a mother’s prenatal emotional availability in relationship towards her unborn baby (Pre-EA). Concurrent associations between a mother’s Pre-EA, her adult attachment style (AAI), and prenatal maternal reflective functioning (RF) (Pregnancy Interview) were assessed among 45 pregnant women (gw 22-31) screened positive for depressive symptoms in a community-based sample. Pre-EA was measured from a videotaped, semi-structured maternal-fetal interaction assessment procedure (MIM).

Conscious Conception: Foundations of Emotional Development and Considerations for Professionals Working with Families
Publication Date: 06/2019
Author(s): Author: Ann C. Caird

Conscious conception encompasses physical, emotional, spiritual, and practical considerations that prepare parents to welcome, nurture, and parent their baby, and that form foundations for bonding and secure attachment. Parents’ thoughts and feelings before, at, and after conception and discovery of pregnancy influence the baby’s developing core beliefs of self, relationships, and the world. Parents’ abilities to differentiate their thoughts and feelings from those of the baby are critical to the baby’s developing felt sense of emotional safety and optimal development of self.

Forms of Expression of a Preverbal Reality in Child Psychotherapy
Publication Date: 06/2019
Author(s): Author: Ignez Carvalho Hartmann

Preverbal contents need special attention in the therapeutic process, due to their difficult accessibility and the tendency to be actuated in the therapeutic relationship. The author describes how essential steps in intrauterine development are linked to the symbolic representation of the mother-child unit and emphasizes the importance of body-related experiences in curing preverbal traumas. Sand scenes that can be metaphors for the body allow a first expression, at the symbolic level, of these unthinkable contents.

Mothers’ Perceptions of Their Infants
Publication Date: 06/2019
Author(s): Author: John Oates, Author: Judit Gervai

A mother’s perceptions of her infant are a core component of her working model of attachment. Interview methods of assessing mothers’ perceptions of their infants, while providing detailed and rich information, are time-intensive in administration and analysis. Therefore, a questionnaire measure would be of value for research and healthcare practice. A 44-item questionnaire was developed to investigate the axes along which maternal models are organized.

Vincent van Gogh: The Impact of Events in His Early Life on His Artwork
Publication Date: 06/2019
Author(s): Author: Ofra Lubetzky

In Winnicott’s view, a good-enough-mother is one who adapts herself to her baby’s needs near the end of her pregnancy and following the baby’s birth, and can identify with him in his initial stage of absolute dependence. If the mother had previously lost a baby and was unable to mourn the loss, then the baby born after the lost infant has to struggle more to become himself as his mother is focused on the lost baby and cannot see the new one in his own right.

Anencephaly: Insights for Genetic Counseling
Publication Date: 03/2019
Author(s): Author: Heidi Cope, Author: Melanie Garret, Author: Allison Ashley-Koch

Genetic counselors may meet with expectant parents to facilitate decision making following prenatal diagnosis of anencephaly. Factors that contribute to pregnancy management decisions and the perceived helpfulness of genetic counseling in this patient population are not fully understood. Women and their male partners who previously received a prenatal diagnosis of anencephaly completed mixed-methods questionnaires to assess decision-making factors and the impact of genetic counseling.

Anxiety and Depression Symptoms in Fathers During their Partner’s Pregnancy: How does this Impact Paternal Fetal Attachment?
Publication Date: 03/2019
Author(s): Author: Amy Beesley, Author: Emma Karwatzki, Author: Keith Sullivan

The transition of men into fatherhood is a period of adjustment and uncertainty. Research into expectant fathers is neglected in comparison to pregnant mothers. The aim of this study was to analyze the correlates of anxiety, depression, and the paternal-fetal attachment in expectant fathers. One hundred and sixty-six males were assessed using the Paternal Antenatal Attachment Scale (PAAS), the General Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-7) and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). Other questions relating to sociodemographic and pregnancy variables were also collected.

Publication Date: 03/2019
Author(s): Author: Michel Odent

Until now, studies of birth physiology among humans were based on interpretations of difficulties. Textbooks have extensively reproduced comparative drawings of maternal pelvis and fetal head to explain the particularities of childbirth in our species. This is why the importance of mechanical factors has been overestimated by theoreticians.

The Calming Womb Family Therapy Model: Bonding Mother and Baby from Pregnancy Forward
Publication Date: 03/2019
Author(s): Author: Rosita Cortizo

The Calming Womb Family Therapy Model (CWFTM) is a multi-modal, integrative, early intervention approach to treating mothers and their babies from conception through the first year postnatally. Its foundations lie in Murray Bowen’s family systems model that understands families as interactive systems rather than individuals, research in intergenerational transmission of trauma, attachment theory and research, and Selma Fraiberg’s psychodynamic work with mothers and infants to resolve maternal trauma and transference reactions to their babies, followed by developmental guidance.

The Early Root of Trauma
Publication Date: 03/2019
Author(s): Author: Graham Gorman

The author’s research, the aim of which was to try to establish the actual facts of unconscious memory, succeeded in finding that such memories do exist and are the root of a wide variety of mental health problems. The research also, unexpectedly, identified a basic instinct for survival and revealed a deep-rooted suspicion of a mother’s love as the vehicle which carries the suffering of infantile trauma through childhood mental health problems to the adult’s irrational and sometimes violent behavior.

"No Child Is Ours" The Absence of Motherhood as Reflected in Women's Poetry
Publication Date: 12/2018
Author(s): Author: Ofra Lubetzky

Motherhood is a mental organization that includes biological, sociological, and emotional elements that come into being in the mother's psyche with conception, during pregnancy, around birth, and throughout life. This article explores the significance of motherhood, including historical and cultural perspectives, and considers how women who have not created a child can explore their creativity through poetry.

Delphi Birth Professional Study: Factors Needed for Pre- and Perinatal Parenting Programs
Publication Date: 12/2018
Author(s): Author: Christine McKee, Author: Peta Stapleton

Using a three-round hybrid Delphi methodology, the current study utilized a panel of “expert” birth professionals (n=20 after three rounds) to examine content and logistical factors that may be most effective for inclusion in the design, development, and delivery of pre- and perinatal (PPN) parenting programs of the 21st century. The purpose was to attain consensus on 235 items generated from literature and the panelists. Consensus per item was deemed achieved where 75% [dis]agreement was reached, which occurred for 157 (66.81%) items.

The “Natural” Cesarean: An Online Survey of Israeli Women’s Attitudes
Publication Date: 12/2018
Author(s): Author: Amy Lauren Shapira, Author: Yeela Tomsis

The “natural” cesarean is an elective cesarean technique, which attempts to mirror the normal physiology of the vaginal birth process and the immediate period after birth, conceptualized in the early 2000s and gaining popularity. Women who have no choice but to undergo an elective cesarean section, their babies, and spouses can all benefit from this procedure. Although previous studies examined women’s attitudes towards cesarean delivery, women’s attitudes towards the “natural” cesarean have not been studied.

Women’s Experiences of Postpartum Psychosis During the Onset and Early Days
Publication Date: 12/2018
Author(s): Author: Rebecca Stockley

Although research has identified some clear risk indicators for the onset of postpartum psychosis (PP), little is known about the experiences of women for whom onset appears to come “out of the blue.” Semi-structured interviews focused on seven women’s “out of the blue” experiences of PP during the onset and transcripts were analyzed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis.

Birth Imagery in Sandplay©
Publication Date: 09/2018
Author(s): Author: Jeane Rhodes

From JOPPPAH 21(1), Fall, 2006, this article, after introducing the sandplay© method developed by Dora Kalff, explores the images seen in the work of sandplay© clients that may depict birth and/or prenatal experiences. In contrast to other modalities that employ sand trays, the Kalfian method relies on the power of the medium; sand, water, a collection of miniatures, and a tray of specific dimensions, to evoke a process within the client that is not dependent upon interpretation for healing.

Book Review by Haylee Haas: Womb Prints: Discover Life’s First Impressions by Barbara Findeisen
Publication Date: 09/2018
Author(s): Author: Haylee Haas

Haylee Haas, BS Biology, Duke University ABSN Student, reviews Barbara Findeisen's book, Womb Prints: Discover Life's First Impressions.

Exploring the Narratives of Women Who Identify with the Term “Postnatal Depression”
Publication Date: 09/2018
Author(s): Author: Eloise Lea, Author: Joanna Heyes, Author: Helena Priest

This study explored the experiences of women who self-identify with the term “postnatal depression” and have accessed NHS services for treatment. This research gives a voice to these women and hopes to better understand how to work psychologically with them. Six women were interviewed and narrative analysis was used to explore their experiences. A single story was constructed to illustrate the shared meanings from the women’s experiences. This depicted trauma, feeling unheard, the use of language, and the impact of social constructs of motherhood as key narratives.

Psychological Interventions in Perinatal Community Mental Health Teams in the United Kingdom
Publication Date: 09/2018
Author(s): Author: Simone Davies, Author: Rebecca Horne, Author: Tal Moore

The promotion of perinatal mental health and the provision of effective, evidence-based psychological interventions has become a priority within the UK. Increased awareness of the impact of poor maternal mental health and improved financial investment has led to the rapid expansion of perinatal community mental health services. This evaluation was undertaken to learn more about the psychological provision within UK Perinatal Community Mental Health Teams (PCMHTs) at the end of 2017.