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The Potential Risks of Ultrasound Examinations on Fetal Development
Publication Date: 03/2007
Author(s): Author: Holly Goldberg

Ultrasound examinations are a trusted diagnostic procedure in prenatal Healthcare. The benefits of ultrasound are numerous. However, research documents physical risks that must be taken seriously. Although many of these findings are inconclusive, they indicate that ultrasound examinations may not be totally benign. The following is an exploration of the current research available on the effects of ultrasound exposure on fetal development with discussion on potential physical, behavioral and psychological health risks.

The Relationship Between Emotional Intelligence of Mothers and Problem Behavior in Their Young Children: A Longitudinal Analysis
Publication Date: 03/2007
Author(s): Author: Junko Tsujino

We studied the relationship between the emotional intelligence of mothers and problem behavior in their young children. The study covered 65 mothers who answered questionnaires during all of the studied phases, i.e., when the child was a fetus, and when it was 2, 3, 4, and 5 years old. The emotional intelligence of the mothers was measured with Bar-On Emotional Quotient Inventory (EQ-i: Bar-On, 1997). The results showed a relationship between certain areas of emotional intelligence of the mothers and problem behavior in their children.

"Conscious Abortion" and the Idea of Abortion Itself
Publication Date: 05/2006
Author(s): Author: Peter Heun Fairfield

This article, in the format of a personal narrative, presents abortions statistics and discusses the controversial subject of abortion with clarity. The proposal is made that medical abortions may not be the only option when a pregnancy is untimely. A process, titled by the author "Conscious Abortion" hi introduced and described.

How Women Can Carry Their Unborn Babies to Term - The Prevention of Premature Birth Through Psychosomatic Methods
Publication Date: 05/2006
Author(s): Author: Rupert Linder

This article presents a method that has been developed in Germany, during practical work in an office for gynecology, obstetrics, and psychotherapy, which has resulted in an astoundingly low rate of premature births among the pregnant women cared for. The actual rate of premature births in the last 15 years stands at something over 1 per cent instead of about 7 per cent usual in Germany. It has been found that a threatened premature birth should be regarded within the entirety of physical and emotional processes.

Hypothesis: Preeclampsia as a Maternal-Fetal Conflict
Publication Date: 05/2006
Author(s): Author: Michel Odent

The association of preeclampsia with both high and low birth weight challenges the current belief that reduced uteroplacental perfusion is the unique pathophysiologic process in preeclampsia. Preeclampsia is thus presented from a new perspective, in the framework of maternal/fetal conflict. Interspecies comparisons encourage us to raise new questions concerning the potential for conflict among humans. The spectacular brain growth spurt during the second half of fetal life is a specifically human trait.

The Influence of Emotional Support During Childbirth: A Clinical Study
Publication Date: 05/2006
Author(s): Author: Cibele Cunha Lima da Motta

This study aims at exploring the psychological impact of emotional support during childbirth and thus to discuss it in the light of humanized principles of assistance. Methods: clinical study carried through intermittent observation of the labor and birth, when the emotional stages of the parturient and emotional support she received from the midwife were observed. Interviews about the women's experience of labor were performed before hospital discharge.

Wing of the Butterfly - A Philosophical Overview
Publication Date: 05/2006
Author(s): Author: Judith Simon Prager

Based the principles presented in the book she co-authored with Judith Acosta, LCSW, The worst is over: What to say when every moment counts, Dr. Prager focuses in this article on the application of these techniques for expectant parents. This is accomplished with reference to a wide variety of background concepts, including Native American and other traditional cultures, as well as Chaos Theory. Dr.

Maternity in the Wake of Terrorism: Rebirth or Retraumatization?
Publication Date: 03/2006
Author(s): Author: Mindy Levy

This phenomenological study aims to portray the nature of the shared experiences of Israeli women who became pregnant and gave birth after surviving the trauma of terrorism in order to learn how maternity experiences can either augment the process of posttraumatic healing or exacerbate the wound inflicted by the trauma. Data was collected via open-ended interviews with eight women who shared the stories of their experiences. Data analysis revealed findings in four categories: losses, maternity through the prism of otherness, maternity as empowerment and transformational processes.

Mother-Fetus Communicative Relationship: A Longitudinal Study on 58 Primiparae and their Children during the First Eighteen Months
Publication Date: 03/2006
Author(s): Author: Anna Maria Della Vedova

The purpose of this longitudinal observational survey was to compare a questionnaire on fetal auditive exposure, administered to 58 pregnant women, to the Mac Arthur questionnaire recording the communicative and linguistic development of their children when ten- and eighteen-months-old. By 'fetal auditive exposure' we mean the natural exposure to the acoustic stimuli that the fetuses experience through their mother's living environment.

Supporting Babies' Wholeness in the 21st Century: An Integrated Model of Early Development
Publication Date: 03/2006
Author(s): Author: Wendy Anne McCarty

A holonomic holographic integrated model of early development is introduced reflecting clinical findings from prenatal and perinatal psychology as well as current western early development thought.

The Experience of Perinatal Parenthood and the Construction of Paternal Identity
Publication Date: 03/2006
Author(s): Author: Despina Naziri

On a theoretical level, this article aims to categorize the increasingly large body of work that exists on fatherhood in order to gain a better understanding of the psychic aspects involved in this stage of development. In a second time, the authors expose two case studies of a clinical research on the transition processes among first-time fathers. The subjects were 25 Greek men of an average age of 30, who were to become father and who participated to a semi-directive interview before and after the birth of their first child.

Womb Ecology: New Reasons and New Ways to Prepare the Prenatal Environment
Publication Date: 03/2006
Author(s): Author: Michel Odent

This article continues the dialogue on the origins of heath as beginning in the womb. It points to the positive effects and changes that can occur when re-evaluating the importance of the pregnancy period for matters of public health. A brief review of the literature on dietary habits preconception/prenatally, and the intrauterine pollution of fat-soluble synthetic chemicals were offered. Followed by the description of a pilot study for the purpose of initiating a new generation of research.

A Description of Pregnant Women's Perceptions and Abstract Drawings of Being Pregnant
Publication Date: 01/2006
Author(s): Author: Catherine Fraser

This article explores the use of visual language as a means of examining and communicating the subjective experience of pregnancy. The participants, eleven women in their final trimester of pregnancy, were asked to complete five abstract drawings accompanied by verbal descriptions of their own perceptions and feelings. Using specialized concept cards developed by Rhyne (1979), participants were invited to consider four distinctive "mind states" or feeling states - sadness, anger, fear and joy.

A Literature Review: The Effects of Maternal Stress in Pregnancy on Sensory Integration in Children
Publication Date: 01/2006
Author(s): Author: Stephanie M Foster

This article reviews existing research on how a pregnant mother's mental health status, stress level, and temperament affect her unborn baby's sensory processing abilities. After a brief introduction to sensory integration and sensory processing, research on how scientists learn about the fetus' developing nervous system by observing his/her behavior is presented. Maternal temperament and increased stress during pregnancy often impact temperament and developmental delay.

Anger Related to Pre-Conception, Conception, and the Pre- and Perinatal Period
Publication Date: 01/2006
Author(s): Author: Shirley A Ward

Searching for the possible roots of anger, the author, from extensive experiential, clinical work with clients looks at the pre-conception imprinting that colours not only the birth, but also the life scripts and personality of humans, in order to find healing from violent, angry, raging negative imprinting.

Birth Imagery in Sandplay©
Publication Date: 01/2006
Author(s): Author: Jeane Rhodes

This article, after introducing the sandplay© method developed by Dora Kalff, explores the images seen in the work of sandplay© clients that may depict birth and/or prenatal experiences. In contrast to other modalities that employ sand trays, the Kalfian method relies on the power of the medium; sand, water, a collection of miniatures, and a tray of specific dimensions, to evoke a process within the client that is not dependent upon interpretation for healing. Case study examples are used to amplify some of the symbols that portray natalistic themes.

Born after Loss: The Invisible Child in Adulthood
Publication Date: 01/2006
Author(s): Author: Joann M O'Leary, Author: Cecilie Gaziano, Author: Clare Thorwick

Early childhood literature suggests children born after the loss of an infant sibling are at risk for attachment disorders, yet there continues to be a lack of intervention available to support the parents of these children during their pregnancies. The stories of these adult subsequent children give meaning to why attachment disorders can result and provide a strong case for intervention around infant loss and the subsequent pregnancy. Contrary to other studies on this topic, these participants summarize healing and hope.

Clinical Story of a 6-Year-Old Boy's Eating Phobia: An Integrated Approach Utilizing Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology with Energy Psychology's Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT) in a Surrogate Nonlocal Application
Publication Date: 01/2006
Author(s): Author: Wendy Anne McCarty

This article presents a clinical story of a one-session therapeutic intervention for a young boy's lifelong eating phobia as an example of an integrated therapeutic approach utilizing prenatal and perinatal psychology (PPN) understanding of early experiences as potential origins for life patterns and an energy psychology healing modality intervention-emotional freedom technique (EFT). Key principles of the Integrated Model and corresponding elements of an integrated therapeutic approach are presented. The session took place without the child present.

Primiparas' Expectations of Childbirth: The Impact of Consciousness
Publication Date: 01/2006
Author(s): Author: Susan Highsmith

This qualitative study was designed to explore the childbirth expectations of primiparas' (women pregnant for the first time) in light of current scientific understandings of consciousness. In-depth before-and-after-birth interviews were conducted. Explicit expectations were compared with implicit expectations portrayed through drawings of an ideal birth (a projective technique) rendered during the first interview. Participants experienced outcomes that differed from their conscious expectations.

The Long Term Consequences of How We Are Born
Publication Date: 01/2006
Author(s): Author: Michel Odent

This article is an updated review of the literature on the long term consequences of birth. Current literature reviewed includes the topics of autism, juvenile criminality, drug addiction, anorexia nervosa, asthma, exposure of antibiotics during pregnancy, the behavioural effects of hormones, and caesarean sections and is offered from a primal health perspective. The article closes with recommendations the profound changes that need to be made if this vision of childbirth is to be brought to a broader audience.