-A +A

Ordered by Publication Date

To insure you get search results, start typing in the search box
and only select from the results in the drop down list.

The Influence of Maternal Emotions During Pregnancy on Fetal and Neonatal Behavior
Publication Date: 12/1990
Author(s): Author: B R H Van den Bergh

The following problems are the leading questions of our research project: (1) Can the influence of maternal emotions upon fetal behavior be established in the prenatal period, using real-time ultrasound echography and cardiography? (2) Is the prenatal influence, established in the prenatal period, reflected in the neonatal behavior? And can we find significant correlations between maternal emotions during pregnancy on the one hand and neonatal and infant behavior-e.g.

The Role of Sex and Pregnancy in Satanic Cults
Publication Date: 12/1990
Author(s): Author: Roberta G Sachs

The functional role of sex and pregnancy in transgenerational Satanic Cults is described and contrasted with its purpose in "normal" social groups. These observations are based on the reports of former Satanic cult members who are now being treated for some type of dissociative disorder. In "normal" social groups, the primary functions of sex and pregnancy center on perpetuating the gene pool of group members. In Satanic cults, however, the primary function of sex is to form a bond between some type of painful stimulation and physical pleasure.

Womb = Woman = World: Gender and Transcendence in Tibetan Tantric Buddhism
Publication Date: 12/1990
Author(s): Author: Charles D Laughlin

The cosmologies of many cultures use gender as symbolic for polar attributes of human consciousness. The author presents a developmental neurobiological theory to account for the non-arbitrary way in which this attribution comes about, and applies the theory to an explanation of the symbolic use of gender in Tibetan tantric Buddhism. He concludes by discussing the implications of the theory for understanding the effects of positive and negative pre- and perinatal experiences upon the development of gender identity.

An Historical Overview of Midwifery in the United States
Publication Date: 10/1990
Author(s): Author: Judy Barrett Litoff

This article provides an historical overview of the history of midwives in the United States from the seventeenth century to the present. Brief background information on the period prior to 1600 is included. The article shows how a profession that was traditionally considered to be "women's business" came to be dominated by a predominately male medical establishment. Special attention is given to the early twentieth-century "midwife debate." The origins of nurse-midwifery and the major factors which have contributed to the recent midwidfery renaissance are also considered.

On Narcissism and Masochism in the Fetus and the Neonate
Publication Date: 10/1990
Author(s): Author: Judith S Kestenberg

The development of narcissism and masochism is examined by utilizing new data from movement observation, in general, and from observations and notation of fetal movement, in particular. This has led to the recognition that fetal movements are motor precursors of psychic functioning. The suggestion is made that both narcissism and masochism have their Anlage in utero. Because the fetus primarily grows and achieves progressive integration, the ratio between his integration and self-destruction favors the former.

Parent-Infant Holding Patterns and Their Impact on Infant Perceptual and Interactional Experience
Publication Date: 10/1990
Author(s): Author: Georg Romer

The significance of parent-infant holding for infant development is emphasized from a psychobiological point of view as an essential ingredient of bonding. The theoretical perspective of direct perception in a perceiver-environment ecosystem (Gibson) is discussed together with current findings in infant research, as they may apply to explain how differential parent-infant holding patterns influence the infant's perception of his environment. Impacts of holding patterns on parent-infant-interaction are also mentioned. General qualities of facilitating holding patterns are elaborated.

Stimulus Differentiation by Preterm Infants Can Guide Caregivers
Publication Date: 10/1990
Author(s): Author: Ruth Litovsky

Advances in modern medicine in recent years have resulted in a remarkable increase in the number of human infants who survive a premature birth. Many of these infants undergo stressful perinatal and prenatal experiences, and require special care and attention in order for their physical and mental development to be optimal. If that goal is to be met, care-givers need to receive feedback from the infants, indicating how they are affected by treatment and stimulation. In this study, preterm infants displayed behavioral differentiation of various tactile stimuli.

Parental Speech and Language Acquisition: An Anthropological Perspective
Publication Date: 05/1990
Author(s): Author: Ben G Blount

The contribution of anthropology to the study of pre- and perinatal development will largely derive from the concept of culture, which is defined as the systems of meaning that members of society attribute to each other in their behavior. The concept is useful in the study of child language acquisition, since it necessitates a description of the ways that caretakers conceptualize their interactions with prelinguistic and language-acquiring children. Facilitative roles of parental speech are foregrounded, and meaning systems are made visible rather than overlooked or assumed.

Sociocultural Factors and Perinatal Development of Baganda Infants: The Precocity Issue
Publication Date: 05/1990
Author(s): Author: Janet E Kilbride

Infant development among the Baganda of Uganda is discussed from a sociocultural perspective. Cross-cultural examples which illustrate cultural effects on infant behavior are presented. In particular, the area of sensorimotor development is examined by means of a social survey, direct observations and formal testing during the Muganda infant's first six or eight months of life. The pattern of advancement found supports the view that parental values and childcare behaviors influence rate of infant sensorimotor development.

The Cultural Roots of the Canadian Birthing System
Publication Date: 05/1990
Author(s): Author: Lois James-Chetelat

Cross-culturally, birthing practices can be better understood by examining the central belief system of a given culture. Through a discussion of the ideology, symbol, and value inherent within the central belief system of the Canadian society, that of science and technology, as well as by examining the historical development of obstetrics, it is possible to explain how a system of maternity care which over-emphasizes technology and de-emphasizes the woman's role in birthing has gained dominance in this country.

The Evolution of Helplessness in the Human Infant and Its Significance for Pre- and Peri-Natal Psychology
Publication Date: 05/1990
Author(s): Author: Wenda R Trevathan

As with most primates, optimal development in infancy proceeds with a high degree of intimacy and interaction between infants and caretakers. Human infants are less developed at birth than most primates because of selection for a greater percentage of brain growth to take place after birth than in utero.

Obstetrical Rituals and Cultural Anomaly: Part I
Publication Date: 03/1990
Author(s): Author: Robbie Davis-Floyd

A constant reminder that babies come from women and nature, not from technology and culture, childbirth calls into question our attempts at technological dominance of nature, confronting American society with a series of conceptual dilemmas with practical, procedural ramifications: how to create a sense of cultural control over birth, a natural process resistant to such control? How to make a birth, a powerfully female phenomenon, reinforce, instead of undermine, the patriarchal system upon which American society is still based?

Pre- and Peri-Natal Psychology in a Developing Country
Publication Date: 03/1990
Author(s): Author: Melita Kovacevic

Psychology dates to the early part of the twentieth century in Yugoslavia, but developments in the science have been slow for a number of reasons. Lag in technological development and lack of financial support have been characteristic. Furthermore, sociocultural and economic differences between the regions have made an even development of pre- and perinatal psychological awareness impossible. There is now conflict between cultural values relative to pregnancy, the life of the fetus and abortion. Medical advances and social change have produced problems faster than they can be solved.

The Expanding Boundaries of Memory
Publication Date: 03/1990
Author(s): Author: David B Chamberlain

In psychology, traditional studies have sought the boundaries of memory in specific brain structures thought to mark the beginning and limits of memory.

Recent discoveries in neuroscience suggest new brain processes and chronologies relevant to memory. Advances in brain research and instrumentation have clarified some memory pathways and permitted direct observation of the living brain but these studies obscure the real boundaries of memory.

The Relation Between Tachystoscopic Pictures and Neurotic Postpartum Depression: The Building of an Instrument
Publication Date: 03/1990
Author(s): Author: Hélène David

Research is presented based upon perceptual defence theory relating to the possibility of detecting the risk of postpartum depression in pregnant women. The authors develop a tachystoscopic method and report on a study using the method on a sample of 43 French Canadian women. The method involves testing identification and reaction times to photographic stimuli related to perinatal issues.

Natalism as Pre and Perinatal Metaphor
Publication Date: 12/1989
Author(s): Author: Michael C Irving

This paper explores the theory of Natalism which proposes that the symbolic expression of birth and prenatal consciousness can be found in art, mythology, and creative expression. Through clinical and empirical evidence our knowledge of the origins of awareness and memory is being pushed ever earlier. If pre- and perinatal experience affects personality, then we should see its tentacles in creative expression. Art flows from the deepest realms of the unconscious where the early roots of the human psyche are most active.

The Music Therapy-Assisted Childbirth Program: A Study Evaluation
Publication Date: 12/1989
Author(s): Author: Carlos E Gonzalez

This program is geared towards raising a level of concern for the expectant parent about childbirth preparation, and the infant itself as an individual. The Music Therapy-Assisted Childbirth program attempts to facilitate 1) a reduction of stress for the working mother-to-be, in preparation for the birthing process, and 2) a more positive interaction between mother and child in the postnatal period.

Metaphors: The Language of Pre and Perinatal Trauma
Publication Date: 10/1989
Author(s): Author: Sandra G Landsman

Verbal metaphors and their behavioral counterparts are discussed within the context of pre and perinatal issues. The major developmental stages are illustrated by the patient's use of language. These metaphors may emerge frequently in casual conversation or during periods of stress throughout life. As an example phrases such as "no way out" express the energy bound in prolonged labor and "being pulled in all directions" is related to a forceps assisted delivery. The baby's reaction to physical and psychological experiences during gestation may be discerned from verbal cues.

One Who Listens Speaks: An Interview With Dr. Alfred Tomatis [needs re-edit]
Publication Date: 10/1989
Author(s): Author: Marie-Andrée Michaud

There is absolutely nothing so inviting for any speaker as a good listener. The wise clinician knows this; so does the good radio interviewer. Really making room for what another will say is a dynamic, active affair. This is at the core of Alfred Tomatis' work over the years. Thousands know him as a uniquely sympathetic listener who, when he speaks, goes right to the point-often the deepest and most intimate point-of their lives. "I like to practice counseling just as I once did surgery," he says.

The Biopolitics of Womb Life: Science Beats a Path To The Unborn And Stumbles Over Some Moral Dilemmas
Publication Date: 10/1989
Author(s): Author: Thomas R Verny

Clifford Grobstein, we are told on the jacket of his book, Science & The Unborn, was at one time a laboratory scientist, teacher, medical school dean and "an analyst of biomedical policy." The reader would have been better served had he been given some more specific information about Grobstein's educational background. Was he a surgeon, an obstetrician, a psychologist, a philosopher or what?

Pages