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Interview with Ray Castellino, DC, RPP, RCST© “The Principles”
Publication Date: 07/2013
Author(s): Author: Kate White

In this interview with Castellino, we explore the seven Principles by tracing their development and application to therapeutic work with babies, families, and groups. Castellino’s process is born out of need and creative genius. Having sat in Womb Surround Workshops, at board meetings and in my own private practice and named these Principles, there is no doubt that they are powerful and support change. The Principles are:

Motherhood as Opportunity to Learn Spiritual Values: Experiences and Insights of New Mothers
Publication Date: 07/2013
Author(s): Author: Aurelie M. Athan, Author: Lisa Miller

Abstract: This study examined the subjective daily experiences of motherhood as potential opportunities for spiritual awareness and personal transformation. It explored how an enduring commitment to fostering a child through adoption, marriage or conception may lead mothers to embrace a broadened perspective in life that mirrors the core spiritual values of world religions and perennial wisdom traditions.

Marketing Mothering as ‘Crisis’: Professions Saving us from the ‘Danger’ of Becoming Mothers
Publication Date: 04/2013
Author(s): Author: Hilary Monk

One of the most efficient routes to profit is using discourse to frighten an entire population, and then selling them the antidote to their fear. Crisis profitability is maximized if crises can be manufactured out of commonplace life events. The medical profession has already discursively recreated childbearing as an epidemic crisis, to be technologically managed to make it ‘safe’.

Provider Trust: A Useful Concept in Maternal Care
Publication Date: 04/2013
Author(s): Author: Elizabeth Soliday, Author: Kimberly A. Tremblay

The maternal patient-provider relationship is important in birth experiences. However, no measures of obstetric patient-provider relationship quality exist, perhaps partially explaining why the concept has not been systematically studied in pre- and perinatal psychology and related fields. As a first step in this line of inquiry, we examined a care provider trust measure completed by 70 obstetric clinic patients along with state anxiety, fear of childbirth, and postpartum satisfaction measures. The trust measure performed similarly with our sample as in the original validation.

The Embryo’s Eloquent Form
Publication Date: 04/2013
Author(s): Author: Stephen L. Talbott

Embryology can be investigated qualitatively by “reading” the expressive gestures of the development of the human egg and sperm, their approach to each other in the “pre-conception attraction complex,” their union at conception, and the subsequent development of the embryo. These gestures tell a remarkable and consistent story. Much of this story has to do with the play of complementary opposites, and with the “conversation” that takes place, first, between the gametes, and then between the embryo and the mother.

Effect of (rational) “Prayer” on Fetus & Mother: A Quantitative Approach
Publication Date: 01/2013
Author(s): Author: Gajanan S Kelkar, Author: Amita A. Dharmadhikari, Author: Avinash Dharmadhikari

The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of “good, rational thoughts” (called “prayer”) on the fetus and the mother during the 3rd trimester of pregnancy. The good thoughts (prayer) are radiated, in the form of recording, from Swami Vijnananand, a person who was a selfless, benevolent, philosopher, thinker, who devoted his entire life for social good and totally isolated from the families undergoing the experiment. In all, 1850 cases were critically analyzed, in this study.

Effect of Planning, Wantedness, and Attachment on Prenatal Anxiety
Publication Date: 01/2013
Author(s): Author: Kimberly A. Tremblay, Author: Elizabeth Soliday

Anxiety symptoms are common during pregnancy. However, predictors of prenatal anxiety have not been well researched. We tested a model of pregnancy anxiety conceptualized from a stress and coping framework in which pregnancy wantedness, maternal attachment style, and attachment history were expected to predict anxiety in late pregnancy. Controlling for parity and risk, maternal attachment history significantly predicted general anxiety symptoms. Current relationship and/or attachment difficulties predicted general anxiety and prenatal anxiety subdimensions.

Interview: Mary Jackson, Certified Professional Midwife Bridging Midwifery Practice and Pre- and Perinatal Psychology Insights
Publication Date: 01/2013
Author(s): Author: Kerry Cerelli

Interview with Mary Jackson, CPM,Midwife integrating pre and perinatal psychology principles into midwifery practice. Mary Jackson RN, CPM, LM, RCST, has been a home birth Midwife since 1975. She has attended over 2,000 births in the Santa Barbara, Ventura, and Ojai, California areas and is now attending home births with her second generation of babies. She has incorporated a two-year craniosacral training with Michael Shea and the two-year Castellino Prenatal and Birth Training into her midwifery practice.

Outcomes of HypnoBirthing
Publication Date: 01/2013
Author(s): Author: Charles Swencionis

Compared with two surveys of usual care, these data provide strong support for the hypotheses that HypnoBirthing mothers have: fewer medical inductions (3.3%-21.1% difference); less IV fluids (37.9%-42.1% difference); less continuous fetal monitoring (42.4%-44.3% difference; less pitocin infusion (18%-19% difference); fewer artificial rupture of membranes (18.8%-18.9% difference); fewer IV/IM anesthesias (4.4%-5.7% difference); fewer episiotomies (13.3%-15.1% difference); fewer epidural anesthesias (44.6%-49.1% difference); fewer caesarian sections (14.4%-17% difference); less frequent use

The Embryo in Us: A Phenomenological Search for Soul and Consciousness in the Prenatal Body
Publication Date: 01/2013
Author(s): Author: Jaap van der Wal

In the last two decades the classical post-Cartesian mind-body dualism (which by many scientist and philosophers is considered to be old-fashioned and overcome by modern monism of materialism) seems to be prevailed by a kind of body-brain dualism propagated by modern neurophysiology and neurophilosophy.

Maternal Fetal Attachment: Can Acceptance of Fetal Sentience Impact the Maternal-Fetal Attachment Relationship?
Publication Date: 10/2012
Author(s): Author: Nancy Eichhorn

Research into maternal-fetal attachment is increasing yet has not yielded substantive scientific results due in part to the lack of a clear definition of the word “attachment.” Furthermore, a controversy currently exists in the literature with debate focused on the use of the word “attachment” as referenced by John Bowlby when discussing the maternal-fetal relationship.

Prenatal Exposure to Synthetic Oxytocin: Risk to Neurodevelopment?
Publication Date: 10/2012
Author(s): Author: Lisa Kurth, Author: Deana Davalos

The neurodevelopmental risks of prenatal exposure to synthetic Oxytocin (OXT) during childbirth are relatively unexplored; however, it seems plausible that lifelong consequences could occur. This article expounds upon a pilot study (Kurth & Haussmann, 2011) that posited an association between prenatal OXT exposure and childhood onset of ADHD, suggesting neurodevelopmental disorders may be a consequence of this exposure. Study results, conclusions, and speculative impressions are discussed1.

Somatically Informed Parent-Prenate Psychotherapy
Publication Date: 10/2012
Author(s): Author: Mikael Lövkvist

This paper discusses somatically informed parent-prenate counseling/ psychotherapy. It defines and presents the phenomenon called parent-prenate attachment. Further, it reviews the literature on parent-prenate attachment; and also reports on some of the factors that have been found to strengthen, or weaken, the qualities of bonding in this relationship. Finally, the article defines and introduces somatic psychotherapy; and proposes some of the potential ways in which somatic clinical interventions could enhance the practice of parent-prenate psychotherapy.

The Potential Effects of Contemplative Practices on the Cultivation of Empathic Attunement in Mothers
Publication Date: 10/2012
Author(s): Author: Eryn Michaud

Recent research across various disciplines, including attachment theory, neuroscience, developmental psychology, and pre and perinatal psychology, suggests the importance of redefining parenting effectiveness to include empathic attunement. In light of this research, the importance of prenatal education and training for mothers in body-centered contemplative practices, due to the resulting potential for the development of empathic attunement and the corresponding impact on the developing mind/brain of their children, is discussed.

Book Reviews
Publication Date: 07/2012
Author(s): Author: Joann M O'Leary, Author: Ellynne Skove

The Sound of Silence: Journeys Through Miscarriage, edited by Irma Gold. (2011). Capalaba, Queensland: Mostly for Mothers, a division of Wombat Books, 165 pages, ISBN 978-921632-12-9.

Pregnancy as a Feminine Initiation
Publication Date: 07/2012
Author(s): Author: Nora Swan-Foster

Pregnancy as a feminine initiation becomes conscious to a woman when she engages with her pregnant imagination through dreams, art, emotions, and somatic changes. If the woman acknowledges her emotional and psychological reactions arising from core archetypal patterns, a “conscious pregnancy” occurs. Three stages of the initiation are outlined: Gateway, Attending, and Passage. Focusing on the Attending stage, three key psychological components are explored: shadow, syzygy, and simultaneity. Viewing the prenatal psyche through C.G.

Shoulder Dystocia: How the Body Holds the Experience and How the Psyche Resolves It
Publication Date: 07/2012
Author(s): Author: Sandy Morningstar

Birthing professionals are charged with the responsibility of freeing the baby whose head appears but whose shoulders remain stuck. How they manage this stressful obstacle and how the experience imprints the baby both physiologically and psychologically are examined in this paper through the application of body-centered therapy.

The Culture of Clear Differentiation Between Knowledge and Non-Knowledge in Prenatal Psychology
Publication Date: 07/2012
Author(s): Author: Ludwig Janus

In order to validate external perceptions there are clear criteria in the natural sciences as to what is known and what is not known. In psychology we are dealing with internal perceptions, where the boundary between knowledge and non-knowledge cannot be so clearly defined due to the subjectivity of the observer. However, during the past hundred years, a culture of validation of internal perceptions has been developed in psychoanalysis and other psychotherapies by means of controlled self experience and supervision.

Thinking the Unthought
Publication Date: 07/2012
Author(s): Author: Helga Blazy

Some psychoanalytic researches are reviewed here to give an overview of how ideas on prenatal life and psychoanalytic ideas on ego-formation got tentatively together during the last century and the first years of the new century. There is a large bow to Ferenczi who published his long paper Thalassa in 1924 after about ten years of thoughts on it that were shared by Maiello, Hidas and Raffai, and Wilheim. Certainly this bow is incomplete. However, we can see how prenatal life becomes more relevant in psychoanalytic research, too.

Volume 26, Issue 4
Publication Date: 07/2012
Author(s): Author: Jeane Rhodes

In this issue of JOPPPAH we connect strongly with one of the primary ancestors of our field, psychoanalysis, and find there relevance and wisdom that informs and challenges us to consider all perspectives in what constitutes pre- and perinatal psychology today. We find that psychoanalysis is not only an ancestor, but a current explorer in this realm. Nora Swan-Foster brings the Jungian perspective in with an in depth look at pregnancy as feminine initiation.